SOC 212

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Author:
jbrooks086
ID:
176433
Filename:
SOC 212
Updated:
2012-10-09 00:23:28
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gender
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Description:
Gender and Society
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  1. Status
    a category or position a personoccupies that is a significant determinant of how she or he will be defined andtreated.
  2. Status set
    occupying a number of statusessimultaneously (i.e. mother, daughter, attorney, patient, employee, andpassenger.
  3. Ascribed statuses
    are those immediately impacting virtually every aspect of our lives. Mostimportant are gender, race, and social class.
  4. Social stratification
    categories of members by status and then ranked by status.
  5. Role
    is the expected behavior associated witha status. Performed according to social norms.
  6. Norms
    shared rules that guide people'sbehaviors in specific situations. Social norms determine the privileges andresponsibilities a status possesses.
  7. Anomie
    normlessness - people may experience because traditional norm have changed butnew ones have not yet to be developed.
  8. Stereotypes
    oversimplified conceptions thatpeople who occupy the same status group share certain traits in common.
  9. Sexism
    the belief that the status of female isinferior to the status of male.
  10. Patriarchy
    male-dominated social structuresleading to the oppression of women.
  11. Androcentrism
    male-centered norms operatingthroughout all social institutions that come the standard to which all personsadhere.
  12. Sexism is reinforced when patriarchy and androcentrism combine to perpetuate beliefs that gender
    roles are biologically determined and therefore unalterable.
  13. Sex
    refers to the biological characteristicsdistinguishing male  and female.
  14. Gender
    social, cultural, and psychologicaltraits linked to males and females through particular social contexts.
  15. Sexual orientation
    the preference for sexualpartners of one gender (sex) or the other.
  16. Gender roles
    are the expected attitudes andbehaviors a society associates with each sex.
  17. Functionalism also known as "structural
    functionalism" 
    is a sociological perspective that is based on the premisethat society is made up of interdependent parts, each contributes to thefunctioning of the whole society..
  18. Preindustrial society
    In preindustrialsocieties social equilibrium was maintained by assigning different tasks to menand women.
  19. Contemporary society
    Disruption is minimized,harmony is maximized and families benefit when spouses assume complementary,specialized, non overlapping roles.
  20. Instrumental role
    expected to maintain thephysical integrity of the family by providing food and shelter and linking thefamily to the world outside the home.
  21. Expressive role
    expected to cement therelationships and provide emotional support and nurturing activities  that ensure the household runs smoothly.
  22. Conflict theorist
    believe that social order is maintained through value consensus, conflicttheorist assert that it is preserved involuntarily through the exercise ofpower one social class holds over another.
  23. Contemporary Conflict Theory.
    Social structureis based on the dominance of some groups over others and that groups in societyshare common interests, whether its members are aware of it or not. Conflict isnot limited to class struggle, it involves parents and children, husbands andwives, young and the old, sick and healthy, race, sexuality, etc.
  24. Gender and Family.
      Conflict theory focuses on the socialplacement function of the family that deposits people at birth into familieswho possess varying degrees of economic resources. People in wealthier familieswill work to preserve existing inequality and the power relations in thebroader society because they clearly benefit from the overall inheritancepatterns if the power and wealth remain in the family.

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