UTSD Nutrition Final part III

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anamos
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176435
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UTSD Nutrition Final part III
Updated:
2012-10-09 00:24:54
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UTSD Nutrition Bahl
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Final Exam part III of flashcards from ppts.
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  1. Factors that decrease calcium absorption
    • High fiber diet
    • phytates
    • oxalates
    • high-protein diet
    • aging
  2. Some foods rank higher in absorbability of calcium, rank these in order from excellent to poor:
    Milk Almonds Cauliflower spinach
    • Excellent: Caulilower, brussels sprouts, broccoli
    • Good: Milk, Soy milk tofu
    • Fair: Almonds, sesame seeds, pinto beans
    • Poor: Spinach
  3. define osteoporosis:
     In osteoporosis, the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture deteriorates, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone are altered.
  4. what are some of the risk factors for osteoporosis?
    • Female
    • Aging
    • Caucasian or Asian
    • Thinness (small bones)
    • Smoking
    • Alcholism
    • overectomy before 45
    • physical inactivity
    • deficient vitamin D intake
    • high animal protein intake
  5. T/F distorted body shape occurs in osteoporosis
    True
  6. is osteoporosis preventable?
    yes
  7. This mineral is a common multipurpose food additive...
    phosphorous.
  8. ______________ is to chlorophyl in plants as iron is to hemoglobin in humans
    magnesium
  9. name some food sources for magnesium:
    • Oysters
    • Dried Figs
    • Black eyed peas
    • spinach
    • baked potato
    • sunflower seeds
  10. T/F Sulfur is an important mineral in the human body
    True
  11. What mineral deficiency causes "Old Rose" colored tongue with depapillation evident at periphery?
    (oral mucosa is also darker red)
    Thiamine Deficiency
  12. Pellagra (niacine deficiency) is manifested in the oral cavity through these three symptoms:
    • Enlarged Tongue
    • Smooth atrophic surface on dorsum of tongue
    • Glossopyrosis (burining tongue)
  13. What are the oral manifestations of riboflavin deficiency?
    • Glossitis (inflamation of the tongue) affects teh lateral marins of the tip of tongue
    • Fiery red color of tongue due to atrophy of filiform papillae
    • angular cheilosis (fissuring and dry scaling of the vermilion surface of the lips and angles of the mouth, a characteristic of riboflavin deficiency)

    • lips may become red and smooth
    • mucous membranes bleed easily

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