Card Set Information
This is the membrane between the alveolar and capillary walls where gas exchange occurs. ?
What is the respiratory membrane.
Diagnosis for this disorder may include any of the following:
airway clearance r/t bronchospasm and/or secretion
Intolerance r/t oxygenation/perfusion mismatch
What is a nursing diagnosis for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?
This type of inhalant requires that the client rinse their mouth after administering the medication
What is a powder inhaler (Advair diskus)?
Decreased peripheral pulses
Pale skin color
Decreased hair distribution.
What are the signs/symptoms of peripheral vascular disease?
This O2 delivery system has 2 parts, a large stationary container, and a portable unit. A portable unit can weigh up to 10 pounds.
What is liquid oxygen?
This is triggered by irritants in the larynx, trachea, or bronchi
What is the cough reflex?
This may be seen in clients with central nervous system disorders. Shallow breaths interrupted by apnea.
What is Biot’s (cluster) respirations?
These medications loosen bronchial secretions, and are often found in combination with antitussives or analgesics. Can cause N/V
What are expectorants?
This is the amount of blood pumped from the ventricles each minute
(SV x HR)
Important indicator of how the heart is functioning as a pump
What is Cardiac Output (CO)?
This device is attached to the oxygen unit or
the wall to regulate the amount of oxygen a client is to receive
What is a flow meter?
This is always slightly negative in relationship to atmospheric pressure.
What is intrapleural pressure?
Loss of lung tissue elasticity
of small airways
of the alveoli (air trapping)
What is emphysema?
These are generally safe for children > 6 yrs
May contain pseudoephedrine, analgesic, antihistimine
What are cold medications?
This condition presents with:
chest pain, substernal and/or radiating pain to the left arm or jaw, Nausea, SOB, Diaphoresis
What is a myocardial infarction?
Smoke only outside
Place cautionary signs on the outside of clients doors
Avoid materials that generate static electricity
What are precautionary methods used to reduce the risk of fire while O2 in use?
These are used to:
improve pulmonary ventilation
Loosen respiratory secretions
Expand collapsed alveoli
Facilitate gas exchange
What is an incentive spirometer?
Infects 1/3 of the worlds population
Pt’s c/o of fever, worsening cough, night sweats, and weight loss
Caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis
What is TB or tuberculosis?
What are the medications used for TB?
Most common cause of impaired blood flow
Vessels narrow and become constricted
Coronary arteries are most effected
What is Atherosclerosis?
These items should be handled with caution.
They should not be dropped or placed in high traffic areas or near heaters
What are portable oxygen tanks?