DEP- Chapter 3

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Rburk022
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176542
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DEP- Chapter 3
Updated:
2012-10-10 17:28:15
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DEP- Chapter 3
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  1. The observable characteristics of an individual
    Phenotype
  2. An individual’s genetic endowment that is inherited
    Genotype
  3. Conditions and circumstances that surround an individual
    Environment
  4. Genetic material is passed on as chromosomes

    Carry all the biochemical instructions involved in the formation and functioning of an organism
    Transmission of genotype
  5. long, threadlike molecules made up of DNA

    23 Female
    23 Male
    Chromosomes
  6. is not expressed if a dominant allele is present.
    Recessive allele
  7. is the form of the gene that is expressed if present.
    Dominant allele
  8. Having inherited two genes of the same allelic form for a trait.
    Homozygouos
  9. Having inherited two  genes of different allelic  forms for a trait.
    Heterozygous
  10. are specialized cells that are the basic units of the brain’s information system.
    Neurons
  11. glial cells form a _____ around certain axons, providing insulation that increases the speed and efficiency of information transmission.
    Mylein sheath
  12. are major areas of the cortex that are associated with different categories of behavior.
    Lobes of cortex
  13. Which hemisphere ?

    Sensory information and control of right side of body
    Verbal abilities
    Positive emotion
    Sequential, analytical processing
    Left
  14. Which hemisphere

    Sensory information and control of left side of body
    Spatial abilities
    Negative emotion
    Holistic, integrative processing
    Right
  15. the proliferation of neurons through cell division; is largely complete by about 18 weeks after conception
    Neurogenesis
  16. Each neuron forms synapses with thousands of other neurons, resulting in the formation of trillions of connections.
    Synaptogenesis
  17. The extensive generation of neurons and synapses results in an overabundance that must be eliminated.
    Synaptic pruning
  18. is the capacity of the brain to be affected by experience.
    Plasticity
  19. process through which the normal wiring of the brain occurs as a result of general experiences that every human who inhabits any reasonably normal environment will have.
    Experience- Expectant plasticity
  20. is the process through which neural connections are created and reorganized throughout life as a function of an individual’s experience.
    Experience-dependent plasticity

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