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______ is the study of mental processes and behaviour
_______ is brain activity when it is caused to think, learn, rationalize, plan, etc.
4 goals in mind when studying psychology
What are 3 levels of psychological analysis?
- the brain
- the individual
- the group
A large group will share a common set of belief, pracses, values, and history called a ________
Levels of analysis: The brain.
What is analyzed?
How the brain structure and brain activity differ from person to person and situation to situation
Level of analysis: the individual.
What is analyzed?
how the content of an individuals mental processes form and influence behaviour
Levels of analysis: the group.
How is the group analyzed?
How behaviour is shaped by the social and cultural environments
This man developed the Theory of Evoltuion
The founder of psychology?
- Wilhelm Wundt
- he ephasized the scientific method
This belief states:
most behaviour is motivated and that attention is focused for an explicit purpose.
A belief of Volutarism defined by Wilhelm Wundt.
This man believed that the brain should not be studied, rather he studied the content and process of consciousness
- study should focus on mental processes rather than the mechanism for of those processes
- used bid-introspection
- Describe- NOT EXPLAIN
- focus on structure
This psychologist developed therapy to resolve unconcious conflict
He wrote the 1st psychology textbook and started the 1st psychology lab in the US
This man began the school if functionalism
This man developed Operant conditioning; using reinforcement and punishment to shape behaviour
The father of Humanistic Psychology
This man developed the idea that mental processes are fluid, not fixed
William James in the thepry of functionalism
This type of psychologu states that we perceive things as whole units, and learning is closely related to perception
Explains facial recognition
states that peoples behaviours are based on the unconscious desires and conflicts
a theory which states that mental processes are unfluenced by the competition between unconscious and conscious forces
He developed the:
Theory of motivation
Hierarchy of Needs
These type of psychologists believe:
mental processes are abstract and not suitable for study
This type of psychology rejects behaviourism because it didint account for distinct human characterisitcs
These type of psychologists focus on the functioning of mental processes not the content
6 steps to conducting research
- 1. Identify questions of interest and review literature
- 2.Develop a testable hypothesis
- 3. select a research method
- 4. analyze the data and accept or reject the hypothesis
- 5. Seek scientific review, publish and replicate
- 6. build a theory
in this type of correlation, when one variable increases, the other increases
In this type of correlation, when one variable increases, the other decreases
In this correlation, when a change in one variable always causes the same proportion of change in another variable
- perfect correlation
- doesnt exist in the real world
what is the significance of the P-value
tells the probability that the results were not due to random chance
what is the significance of the EFFECT SIZE (stats)
- describes the strength of the relationship between the variables
- larger = strong relationship and more likely to find the same result if repeated
whats steps should be taken to protect participants?
- informed consent
- protect confidentiality
- participation must be voluntary
- provide a completedebriefing