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jmali921
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176601
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Test
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2012-10-10 00:28:19
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Psychology
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  1. ______ is the study of mental processes and behaviour
    psychology
  2. _______ is brain activity when it is caused to think, learn, rationalize, plan, etc. 
    mental process
  3. 4 goals in mind when studying psychology
    • Description
    • Explain
    • Predict
    • Control
    • (DEPC)
  4. What are 3 levels of psychological analysis?
    • the brain
    • the individual
    • the group
  5. A large group will share a common set of belief, pracses, values, and history called a ________
    culture
  6. Levels of analysis: The brain. 
    What is analyzed?
    How the brain structure and brain activity differ from person to person and situation to situation
  7. Level of analysis: the individual. 
    What is analyzed?
    how the content of an individuals mental processes form and influence behaviour
  8. Levels of analysis: the group.
    How is the group analyzed?
    How behaviour is shaped by the social and cultural environments
  9. This man developed the Theory of Evoltuion
    Charles Darwin 
  10. The founder of psychology?
    • Wilhelm Wundt
    • he ephasized the scientific method
  11. This belief states:
    most behaviour is motivated and that attention is focused for an explicit purpose.
    A belief of Volutarism defined by Wilhelm Wundt.
  12. This man believed that the brain should not be studied, rather he studied the content and process of consciousness
    Wilhelm Wundt
  13. Developed Structuralism
    Edward Thitchrer
  14. Define Structuralism:
    • study should focus on mental processes rather than the mechanism for of those processes
    • used bid-introspection
    • Describe- NOT EXPLAIN
    • focus on structure
  15. This psychologist developed therapy to resolve unconcious conflict
    sigmund freud
  16. He wrote the 1st psychology textbook and started the 1st psychology lab in the US
    William James
  17. This man began the school if functionalism
    William James
  18. This man developed Operant conditioning; using reinforcement and punishment to shape behaviour
    BF Skinner
  19. The father of Humanistic Psychology
    Carl Rogers
  20. This man developed the idea that mental processes are fluid, not fixed
    William James in the thepry of functionalism
  21. This type of psychologu states that we perceive things as whole units, and learning is closely related to perception
    Gesealt Psychology
  22. Explains facial recognition
    Gesalt psychology
  23. states that peoples behaviours are based on the unconscious desires and conflicts
    psychoanalysis
  24. a theory which states that mental processes are unfluenced by the competition between unconscious and conscious forces
    Psychoanalytic theory
  25. He developed the:
    Theory of motivation
    Hierarchy of Needs
    Abraham Maslow
  26. These type of psychologists believe:
    mental processes are abstract and not suitable for study
    Behavourists
  27. This type of psychology rejects behaviourism because it didint account for distinct human characterisitcs
    Humanistic Psychology
  28. These type of psychologists focus on the functioning of mental processes not the content
    Cognitive Psychologists
  29. 6 steps to conducting research
    • 1. Identify questions of interest and review literature
    • 2.Develop a testable hypothesis
    • 3. select a research method
    • 4. analyze the data and accept or reject the hypothesis
    • 5. Seek scientific review, publish and replicate
    • 6. build a theory
  30. in this type of correlation, when one variable increases, the other increases
    positive correlation
  31. In this type of correlation, when one variable increases, the other decreases
    negative correlation
  32. In this correlation, when a change in one variable always causes the same proportion of change in another variable
    • perfect correlation
    • doesnt exist in the real world
  33. what is the significance of the P-value
    tells the probability that the results were not due to random chance
  34. what is the significance of the EFFECT SIZE (stats)
    • describes the strength of the relationship between the variables
    • larger = strong relationship and more likely to find the same result if repeated
  35. whats steps should be taken to protect participants?
    • informed consent
    • protect confidentiality
    • participation must be voluntary
    • provide a completedebriefing

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