Anglo Saxon terms- Griggs/Richardson

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Anglo Saxon terms- Griggs/Richardson
2012-10-09 22:34:43

Poetry Terms and Anglo-Saxon Concepts for Beowulf
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  1. Alliteration
    • two or more words in a phrase or line of poetry having the same initial consonant sound.
    • Principle poetic device in Old English poetry.
  2. Allusion
    Reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or pop culture
  3. Caesura
    pause in a line of poetry
  4. Comitatus
    • developed by the Roman historian Tacitus
    • describes "the society...or brotherhood of men who owed allegiance to a chieftain and expected his benevolence in return." (Robert C. Hughes)
  5. Conflict
    struggle or clash between opposing characters or between opposing forces
  6. External Conflict
    character struggles against an outside force
  7. Internal Conflict
    takes place entirely within a character's own mind
  8. Epic
    • Records and celebrates the heroic achievements of an individual or individuals
    • Relates the great deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of a particular society
  9. Epithet
    Descriptive word or phrase characterizing a person (appearance or background)
  10. Heric Ideal
    • Any reference to the idea of the Anglo-Saxon culture being governed by the ideals of bravery, loyalty and generosity.
    • The king or lord (in Anglo-Saxon culture) surrounded himself with a band of retainers who are rewarded with the spoils of their victories.
  11. Hyperbole
    Figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect
  12. Imagery
    Language that appeals to the senses
  13. Kenning
    • Poetic device in Old English poetry
    • Consists of a compound of two words in place of another
    • Ex) "whale-road" for "sea"
  14. Litotes
    • Ironic understatement
    • Common feature of OE poetry
    • Pronounced "Lie-ta-tees"
  15. Metaphor
    • A comparison between two unlike things in which one thing becomes the other thing
    • Does not use "like" or "as"
  16. Metonymy
    • One thing is used to designate somethng with which it is commonly associated
    • Ex) using "bottle" for "liquor"
  17. Onomatopoeia
    Sound effect which uses a word whose sound imitates or suggest its meaning
  18. Personification
    • Special kind of metaphor
    • Non-human thing or quality is talked about as if it was human
  19. Primary Epic
    • Epic poem that comes from an oral tradition
    • Ex) Beowulf, Iliad, Odyssey
    • Term developed by C.S. Lewis
  20. Secondary Epic
    • A more deliberate literary production
    • Ex) The Aeneid
    • Term developed by C.S. Lewis
  21. Refrain
    A repeated word, phrase, line or group of lines
  22. Rhyme
    Repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them, in words close together in a poem
  23. End Rhyme
    rhymes at the end of lines
  24. Internal Rhyme
    rhyme in the middle of a line
  25. Rhyme Scheme
    the rhyming pattern associated with a poem
  26. Scop
    • OE term for poet or bard
    • The scop had the important job of singing about the accomplishments of his patron and his people.
    • The scop was both an entertainer and an historian
  27. Sibilance
    • A speech sound (in English the s and z) which makes a hissing sound
    • Form of alliteration
  28. Simile
    Makes a comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, resembles, or than.
  29. Symbolism
    • A person, a place, a thing, or an event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well.
    • Ex) the bald eagle symbolizes freedom in the United States
  30. Synecdoche
    • Pronounced "sin-ek-doh-key"
    • A part of something is used to designate a whole
    • Ex) using "keel" for "ship"
  31. Wergild
    • "manprice"
    • If one's kinsmen was slain, "a man had a special duty of either killing the slayer or exacting from him the payment of wergild...the wealth is proof the kinsmen had done what was right." (Donaldson)
    • Failing to "exact wergild or take vengeance meant relatives could never be happy..." (Donaldson)
  32. Wyrd
    • OE for fate
    • Fate was believed to be the controlling force of the world for pre-Christian Anglo-Saxon culture