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- two or more words in a phrase or line of poetry having the same initial consonant sound.
- Principle poetic device in Old English poetry.
Reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or pop culture
pause in a line of poetry
- developed by the Roman historian Tacitus
- describes "the society...or brotherhood of men who owed allegiance to a chieftain and expected his benevolence in return." (Robert C. Hughes)
struggle or clash between opposing characters or between opposing forces
character struggles against an outside force
takes place entirely within a character's own mind
- Records and celebrates the heroic achievements of an individual or individuals
- Relates the great deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of a particular society
Descriptive word or phrase characterizing a person (appearance or background)
- Any reference to the idea of the Anglo-Saxon culture being governed by the ideals of bravery, loyalty and generosity.
- The king or lord (in Anglo-Saxon culture) surrounded himself with a band of retainers who are rewarded with the spoils of their victories.
Figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect
Language that appeals to the senses
- Poetic device in Old English poetry
- Consists of a compound of two words in place of another
- Ex) "whale-road" for "sea"
- Ironic understatement
- Common feature of OE poetry
- Pronounced "Lie-ta-tees"
- A comparison between two unlike things in which one thing becomes the other thing
- Does not use "like" or "as"
- One thing is used to designate somethng with which it is commonly associated
- Ex) using "bottle" for "liquor"
Sound effect which uses a word whose sound imitates or suggest its meaning
- Special kind of metaphor
- Non-human thing or quality is talked about as if it was human
- Epic poem that comes from an oral tradition
- Ex) Beowulf, Iliad, Odyssey
- Term developed by C.S. Lewis
- A more deliberate literary production
- Ex) The Aeneid
- Term developed by C.S. Lewis
A repeated word, phrase, line or group of lines
Repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them, in words close together in a poem
rhymes at the end of lines
rhyme in the middle of a line
the rhyming pattern associated with a poem
- OE term for poet or bard
- The scop had the important job of singing about the accomplishments of his patron and his people.
- The scop was both an entertainer and an historian
- A speech sound (in English the s and z) which makes a hissing sound
- Form of alliteration
Makes a comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, resembles, or than.
- A person, a place, a thing, or an event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well.
- Ex) the bald eagle symbolizes freedom in the United States
- Pronounced "sin-ek-doh-key"
- A part of something is used to designate a whole
- Ex) using "keel" for "ship"
- If one's kinsmen was slain, "a man had a special duty of either killing the slayer or exacting from him the payment of wergild...the wealth is proof the kinsmen had done what was right." (Donaldson)
- Failing to "exact wergild or take vengeance meant relatives could never be happy..." (Donaldson)
- OE for fate
- Fate was believed to be the controlling force of the world for pre-Christian Anglo-Saxon culture