What two types of revolutions did Russia experience in 1917
The first was a break from autocratic, monarchial forms, the second was of the ddrastic socioeconomic change and political expirement
What are the three interpretations of the of the 1917 revolutions?
The Soviet, Liberal and Libertarian
What was the Soviet Interpretation of the revolutions?
Soviet was largly propagandistic, focused on justifying the regime, relying on marxism, historical materialism and class struggle. History of struggle > than all
What was the Liberal Interpretation
They focused less on history and more on lost chance and weakness after WWI. They emphasize the actions of skilled and ruthless minority of radicals and their ability to organize populations into their cause
What was the Libertarian Interpretation
The want to emphasize the peasant and workers ability to self manage. They believe the two class system of rulers and ruled is due to the bolshevieks (who hijacked a workers revolution)
What overlying reason can be added to the 1917 revolutions
Socioeconomic problems were present, but the main reason can be the circumstances faced because of WWI. It was supported by the people, but heavy losses
How many russians were mobalized in WWI, how many were killed, injured and captured?
15.5 Million were deployed to the allies, 1.65 were killed, 3.85 wounded and 2.41 were captured
What percent of casulties did the russian army face
what two reason can be attributed to the poor outcomes of WWi
tsar Nicholas II lack of preparedness and incompetence of the russian military (seen in russo-jap and crimean wars)
March 1917, men and women began the revolution with a showing of what and where
demonstrations, protests and riots in st. petersberg
for what reasons did the military refused ot fire on the demonstrators
because of the women and the empathy for their cause
what resulted in the resistance of military actions ordered by Nicholas
ministers and government officials abandoned their posts, leading to the revolution
What day was the Duma resigned
March 11, (Feb 26 old style)
When was the Provisional Govt. formed
How did Nicholas II respond to the forming of the Provisional Govt.
He returned to St. Petersburg and attempted to reaasert himself. He realized it was a fail and abdicted the thrown for himself and son Alexi
Who did Nicholas II name as tsar
His brother Michael Alexandrovich, but Michael abdicted the next day (END OF ROMANOVS')
Who headed the newly founded Provisional Govt.?
Prince George Lvov, named Prime Minister by Nicholas II
Who was Alexander Kerensky
a member of Lvov's cabinet
What transition did Lvov intend to make with russian structure
from an autocratic system to more modern and liberal
How did Lvov's Govt. intend to unify russian society
by closing gapps between central decision making and regions by making it more accessible ot local and regional officials
What did socialist and organized workers force the Provisional Govt. into
labor rights, collective bargaining rights and limited workday lengths