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How I wish the Argo never had reached the land
Of Colchis skimming through the blue Symplegades,
Nor ever had fallen in the glades of Pelion
The smitten fir-tree to furnish oars for the hands
Of heroes who in Pelias' name attempted
The Golden Fleece
Opening lines of Madea by the Nurse who expresses her regret of the present situation between Medea and Jason.
I heard a person saying, while I myself seemed
Not to be paying attention, when I was at the place
Where the old draught-players sit, by the holy fountain,
That Kreon, ruler of the land, intends to drive
These children and their mother in exile from Corinth.
But whether what he said is really true or not
I do not know. I pray that it may not be true.
Tutor: This occurs in the beginning. He speaks to the nurse after she presses him to tell her what it is he knows
Great people's tempers are terrible, always
Having their own way, seldom checked,
Dangerous they shift from mood to mood.
How much better to have been accustomed
To live on equal terms with one's neighbors.
I wuld like to be safe and grow old in a
Humble way. What is moderate sounds best,
Also in practice is best for everyone.
Greatness brings no profit to peole.
God indeed, when in anger, brings
Greater ruin to great men's houses.
Nurse: This occurs after Medea comes in and curses both her children and Jason. She is bitter and weeps. The nurse fears.
For a just judgment is not evident in the eyes
When a man at first sight hates another, before
Learning his character, being in no way injured;
And a foreigner especially must adapt himself
Medea is speaking to the Chorus about her situation. She victimizes herself in an attempt to win them over with her own self-pity as a foreigner.
I'd not approve of even a fellow-countryman
Who by pride and want of manners offends his neighbors.
But on me this thing has fallen so unexpectedly,
It has broken my heart. I am finished. I let go
All my lfie's joy. My friends, I only want to die.
- Medea is speaking to the Chorus about her situation. She victimizes herself in an attempt to win them over with her own self-pity.
- Her past actions got her to this point.
It was everything to me to think well of one man
And he, my own husband, has turned out wholly vile.
Of all things which are living and can form a judgment
We women are the most unfortunate creatures.
Firstly, with an excess of wealth it is required
For us to buy a husband and take for our bodies
A master; for not to take one is even worse.
And now the question is serious whether we take
A good or bad one; for there is no easy escape
For a woman, nor can she say no to her marriage.
She arrives among new modes of behaviors and manners,
And needs prophetic pwoer, unless she has learnt at home,
How best to manage him who shares the bed with her.
And if we work out all this well and carefully,
And the husband lives with us and lightly wears his yoke,
Then life is enviable. If not, I'd rather die.
A man, when he's tired of the company in his home,
Goes out of the house and puts an end to his boredom
And turns to a friend or companion of his own age.
But we are forced to keep our eyes on one alone.
Medea is speaking to the Chorus, identifying herself with them as women, but later singling herself out as a foreigner. Still, in these lines, she expresses the tribulations that women must go through and emphasizes how wrong Jason has been to her
I would very much rather stand
Three times in the front of battle than bear one child.
Yet what applies to me does not apply to you.
You have a country. Your family home is here.
Medea is speaking to the chorus, victimizing herself
Just to keep silent. For in other ways a woman
Is full of fear, defenseless, dreads the sight of cold steel; but, when once she is wronged in the matter of love,
No other sould can hold so many thoughts of blood
- Medea to chorus:
- She is trying to figure out how she can pay her husband back for betraying her love and through these words, tries to justify why she has so many thoughts
A person of sense ought never to have his children
Brought up to be more clever than the average.
For, apart from cleverness bringing them no profit,
It will make them objects of envy and ill-will.
If you put new ideas before the eyes of fools
They'll think you foolish and worthess into the bargain;
And if you are thought superior to those who have
SOme reputation for learning, you will become hated.
- Medea to Kreon
- She uses this line to try to victimize herself as a smart person suffering for the wrong reasons. She is just attempting to get Kreon to side with her and allow her to remain in Corinth. Still, he is set on exiling her until she finds his weakness in the children
O my right hand, and hte knees which you often clasped
In supplciation, how senselessly I am treated
By this bad man, and how my hopes have missed their mark!
Medea to Jason when he visits her to attempt to "help" her by giving her some money, but she reproaches him and tells him all the things she did for him and how he repays her
O God, you have given to mortals a sure method
Of telling the gold that is pure from the counterfeit;
Why is there no mark engraved upon men's bodies,
By which we could knwo the true ones from the false ones?
She is talking to Jason and reproaching him for his unmanly actions. She tells him of all the things she did for him to save him and how he is repaying her by taking another wife.
Surely in many ways I hold different views
From others, for I think that the plausible speaker
WHo is a villain deserves the greatest punishment
Confident in his tongue's power to adorn evil,
He stops at nothing. Yet he is not really wise.
Medea in response to Jason's reply about all of hte things he did for her and why he is really marrying her-- "for the stability of the kids and family"
“What is more, you were born a woman, and women, though most helpless in doing good deeds, are of every evil the cleverest of contrivers”
After Kreon’s conversation, she determines that she will kill her three enemies. She contemplates where she will go and what she will do. Then, she says that Jason will not let away with it. The chorus tries to convince her to stop.
“This I say, that those who have never had children, who
know nothing of it, in happiness have the advantage over those who are parents.
The childless, who never discover, whether children turn out as a good thing or
as something to cause pain, are spared many troubles in lacking this knowledge.
And those who have in their homes the sweet presence of children, I see that
their lives are all wasted away by their worries. First they must think how to
bring them up well and how to leave them something to live on. And then after
this whether all their toil is for those whol will turn out good or bad, is
still an unanswered question. And of one more trouble, the last of all, htat is
common to mortals I tell. For suppose you have found them enough for their living,
suppose that the children have grown into youth and have turned out good,
still, if God so wills it, death will away with your children’s bodies, and
carry them off into Hades.”
- The chorus says this after Medea confirms that she will kill her children.
- Before this, Medea has just finished talking to Jason. After he leaves, she goes through an internal struggle with herself, debating whether she wants to kill her children or not. She then says that she will do it to get back at Jason.
But we women are what we are,-- perhaps a little
During her conversation with Jason, she tries to deceive him by asking for forgiveness and reprimanding her actions, saying she completely understands and she should have been supportive
"It is right, I think, to consider
Both stupid and lacking in foresight
Those poets of old who wrote songs
For revels and dinners and banquets
Pleasant sounds for men living at ease;
But none of them all has discovered
How to put an end with thier singing or Musical instruments grief,
Bitter grief, from which deaht and disaster
Cheat the hopes of a house. Yet how good
if music could cure men of this!
The nurse says this after the chorus comes and desires to see Medea. The nurse tells them that she doesn't know if Medea will listen to her, but she'll try. They hear her crying bad things upon her, such as a lightning bolt splitting her head open
What we thought
Is not comnfirmed adn what we thought not god
Contrives. And so it happens in this story
- Chorus: expresses teh idea that we should expect the unexpected adn that our expectations are not fulfilled
- very end of the tragedy
Triply lucky, all you men
To whom death came before your fathers' eyes
Below the wall at Troy! Bravest Danaan,
Diomedes, why could I not go down
When you had woundd me, and lose my lfie
On Ilium's battlefield. Our Hector lies there,
torn by Achilles' weapon; there Sarpedon,
Our giant fighter, lies; and there the river
Simois washes down so many shields
And helmets, with strong bodies taken under
Aeneas: first time he is seen in hte epic. This occurs after Juno asks the father of the gods and men decreed, Aeolus, to cause a disturbance of the sea to hinder Aeneas and his men on the journey. Aeneas displays cowardice while his ships and men are being thrown all aroudn
Shall this one
Look untouched on Sparta and Mycenae
After her triumph, going like a queen,
And see her home and husband, kin and children,
With Trojan girls for escort, Phrygian slaves?
Must Priam perish by the sword for this?
Troy burn, for this? Dardania's littoral
Be soaked in blood, so many times, for this?
Not by my leave. I know
No glory comes of punishing a womean, the feat can bring no honor. Still, I'll be
Approved fro snuffing out a monstrous life,
For a just sentence carried out. My heart
Will teem with joy in this avenging fire,
And the ashes of my kin will be appeased.
Aeneas: This occurs during the fall of Troy, when the Trojans are attempting to fight off the Greeks. However, after they infiltrated the city through their wooden hope, there is no hope. After witnessing Priam's death by Pyrrhus, he sees Helen, queen of Troy, hiding and desires to kill her, blaming her for this destruction. However, his mother comes, interferes and tell shim to remember where his priorities lie and think of his son and his duty of the future.
betrays inferior souls. WHat scenes of war
Fought to the bitter end he pictured for us!
What buffetings awaited him at sea!
Had I not set my face against remarriage
After my first love died and failed me, leftm me
Barren and bereaved--and sick to death
At the mere thought of torch and briadl bed--
I could perhaps give way in this one case
Dido expressing her love for Aeneas to her sister Anna
But O chaste life, before I break your laws,
I pray that Earth may open, gape for me
Down to its depth, or the omnipotent
With one stroke blast me to the shades, pale shades
of Erebus and the deep world of night!
That man who took me to himself in youth
Has taken all my love; may that man keep it
Hold it forever with him in the tomb
Dido expressing her love for Aeneas to her sister
If ever I did wella dn you were grateful
Or found some sweetness in a gift from me
Have pity now on a declining hous!
Put this plan by, I beg you, if a prayer
Is not yet out of place.
Because of you, Libyans and nomal kings
Detest me, my own Tyrians are hostile;
Because of you, I lost my integrity
and that admired name by which alone
I made my way once toward the stars
This is after Rumor tells Dido that Aeneis is leaving. Seeing him prepare to head off, she gets furious adn shouts, charging him. She screams at him for trying to keep her in the dark.
You will pay for this,
Unconscionable! I shall hear! The news will reach me
Even among the lowest of hte dead
Dido says this. She is watching him prepare to leave and burst out raging, saying he is no son of a god. She questions why she should cry. She is angry at her hospitality for him just to be repaid by this. She prays that he will be punished and call her name.
Time is all I beg,
Mere time, a respite and a breathing space
For madness to subside in, while my fortune
Teaches me how to take defeat and grieve.
Dido asks her sister Anna to intercede with Aeneis in an attempt to make him stay. She begs for more time. Anna goes but her tears are in vain
Woman's a thing
Forever fitful and forever changing
A being resembling Mercury appears to Aeneas in his sleep and tells him to shake off sleep becaues the dangers are growing around him. He says this to urge him on.
Could I not then have torn him limb from limb
And flung the pieces on the sea?
Dido as Aeneas' ships leave the land. She sees the ships and tears at her golden hair completely upset
Was I, was I the cause?
I swear by heaven's stars, by the high gods,
By any certainty below the earth,
I left your land against my will, my queen.
The gods' commands drove me to do their will,
As now they drive me through this world of shades,
These mouldy waste lands and these depths of night.
And I could not bleieve that I would hurt you
So terribly by going.
Aeneas in hell sees Dido walking the Fields of Mourning and attempts to get her to talk to him. He blames his deeds on the gods. She is with her first love and does not care for him. He tears up, displaying weakness.
What will the end be? What is left for you?
You yourself know, and say you know, Aeneas
Born for heaven, tutelary of this land,
By fate to be translated to the stars
- Jupiter is speaking to Juno after she emplys Turnus' sister, Juturna to protect Turnus from death, thus hindering Aeneas' destiny
- Juno succumbs and asks for one hting in freturn:
- Let Latium be. Do not let them become new Trojans. The Trojan name will not be restored.
No need to be afraid, Cytherea.
Your children's destiny has not been changed.
As promised, you shall see Lavinium's walls
And take up, tehn, amid the stars of heaven
- Book 1: This occurs after the men reach land, toward Libya (Dido's land) after they experience the sea in chaos due to Juno. They are on land and in despair. Jupiter tells Venus this when she sees that Aeneas is thrown off course. She asks Jupiter what has turned him away from his promise and why they continue experiencing mifortune.
Whoever you are, I doubt Heaven is unfriendly
To you, as you still breathe life-giving air
On your approach to the Tyrian town. Go on:
Betake yourself this way to the queen's gate.
Your friends are back. This is my news for you:
Your ships were saved, and brought to shore again
By winds shifting north,...
- Venus to Aeneas
- She appears to him in disguise of a huntress in Book I when Aeneas was exploring the land with Achates. She gets him to tell of himself and, after he complains, she tells him this. Afterwards, she reveals herself and then cloaks the two men in a dense mist so noone could see them as they walk Carthage.
My strength, my greatest power, my one and only,
Making light of our High Father's bolt,
His giant-killer! I must turn to you
And beg the force of your divinity.
- Venus to her son Cupid.
- After Dido welcomes Aeneas and his men. However, Venus devises a new strategy that her son, Cupid, will take the figure of Ascanius and make Dido fall in love with Aeneas. She worried about Juno and her actions. Therefore, she devises this plan to make sure Dido doesn't change attitudes towards Aeneas adn employs Cupid to do it
Ai! Give up and go, child of the goddess,
Save yourself, out of these flames. The enemy
Holds teh city walls, and fron her height
Troy falls in ruin. Fatherland and Priam
Have tehir due; if by one hand our towers
Could be defended, by this hand, my own,
They would have been. Her holy things, her gods
of hearth and household Troy commends to you.
Accept them as companions of your days;
Go find for them the great walls that one day
You'll dedicate, when you have roamed the sea.
Hector of Troy appears to Aeneas in a dream and warns Aeneas of his city's destruction as it is going on. After he encounters this, Aeneas climbs to the roof and witnesses the destruction himself. It was due to the Danaans, who hid in a horse and attacked the city.
Who would be
So mad, so foolish as to shun that prospect
Or prefer war with you? That is, provided
Fortune is on the side of your proposal.
- Venus to Juno says this: Book IV
- Juno proposes marriage because she is worried about her reputation no longer standing in the way of Dido's passion and tries to convince Venus to get the people to rule side by side. Juno tries to hinder Aeneas' destiny. Venus knows and says this in reply. After, Juno makes the plan that Dido adn Aeneas will go hunting and encounter rain. They will come to teh same cavern and be married
Is it for you
To lay the stones for Carthage's high walls,
Tame husband that you are, and build tehir city?
Oblivious to your own world, your own kingdom!
From bright Olympus he that rules the gods
And turns the earth and heaven by his power--
He and no other sent me to you, told me to bring this message on the running winds:
What have you in mind? What hope, wasting your days
In Libya? If future history's glories
Do not affect you, if you will not strive
For your own honr, think of Ascanius
Think of the expectations of your heir,
Iulus, to whom the Italian realm, the land
of Rome, are due
- Mercury to Aeneas
- Context: After the marriage of Dido and Aeneas, Rumor spreads it. Word eventually gets to Jupiter, who tells Mercury to remind Aeneas of his duties and leave Carthage. Mercury goes to Aeneas, who is laying foundations for new towers and homes. This eventually causes Aeneas to get up and go.
I never held the torches of a bridegroom,
Never entered upon teh pact of marriage.
If Fate permitted me to spend my days
By my own lights, and make the best of things
According to my wishes, first of all
I should look aftetr Troy and the loved relics left me of my people.
Aeneas to Dido after she confronts him about attempting to leave her without telling her. She goes on a rant about how he is abandoning her and asks him if he would have not been searchign for land, had he been there? She says that because of him, she lost her integrity. He tells her that it was not his fault. He just wants Troy. He justifies his action sbey saying he never entered upon marriage. Afterward, he continues preparing to set out, while she watches in spite
But for one thing not retained
By fate I beg for Latium, for teh future
Greatness of your kin: when presently
they crown peace with a happy wedding day
So let it be-- and merge their laws and treaties,
Never command teh land's own Latin folk
To change their old name, to become new Trojans,
Known as Teucrians; never make them alter dialect or dress. Let Latium be.
Juno to Jupiter after the situation with Turnus and his sister Juturna. Jupiter tells her to stop. She knows that Aenaes' destiny must be fulfilled. She submits only if she gets her way. Jupiter agrees adn sends the Dirae to get rid of Turnus.
Whyat are you doing with such manly arms, lascivious boy? That bow befits our brawn, wherewith we deal out wounds to savage beasts
and other mortal foes, unerringly:
Now I withdraw,
Now leave this war. Indecent birds, I fear you;
Spare me your terror. Whip-lash of your wings
I recognize, that ghastly sound, and guess
Great-hearted Jupiter's high cruel commands.
Returns for my virginity, are they?
He gave me life eternal--to what end?
Why has mortality been taken from me?
Juturna after Jupiter sends the Dirae to get rid of Turnus and stop her from helping him Book XII
From this time on
you should not waste anoter thought on him;
think on ahead, and let him stay bejind,
for I saw him standing underneath th ebrdige
pointing at you, and theratening with his gesture,
and I heard his name called out
- Context: They are walking hell in the eighth circle. Dante is looking for someone and later goes on to tell his guide the story of him no tbeing avenged
Less shame than yours would wash away a fault greater than yours has been, and so forget about it, do not be sad. If ever again you should meet up with men engaging in this kind of futile wrangling, remember I am always at your side
Virgil to Dante in the Bolgia of the Falsifiers of The Eighth circle. Dante witnesses two shades running and attacking things in sight-- Gianni Schicchi and Myrrha. Dante later gets enveloped in a feud between two falsifiers, who are beating each other up. Virgil reprimands him, saying he's losing his patience, causing Dante to feel shamed, and Virgil to tell him this
This is he, this is Dis; this is the place
that calls for all the courage you have in you
Virgil to Dante when they reach Satan in the Ninth Circle. He tells him to muster up all of his courage. The devil has three faces, each a different color (red (middle), yellowish white, and that of Ethiopians). In his mouth are Judas, Brutus, and Cassius. Lucifer stands frozen from the chest down.
You think you're still on the center's other side where I first grabbed the hairy worm of rottenness that pierces the earth's core; and you were there as long as I moved downward, but, when I turned myself, you passed the point to which all weight from every part is drawn.
Virgil to Dante when they climb down the devil; When they reach the halfpoint, Virgil begins to climb back up, making it seem as if they're going back up to hell Howver, when they reach their destination, Lucifer's feet are showing, showing that they turned