Chapter 5 infection control

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Chapter 5 infection control
2012-10-10 00:14:39
Infection terms

Chapter Glossary
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  1. One cell organism having both plant & animal characteristics.
  2. Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing and talking.
    Direct Transmission
  3. Transmission of blood or body fluid through a contaminated object, ex. razor, surface.
    Indirect Transmission
  4. Invasion of body tissues by disease causing pathogen.
  5. Slang for disease producing organism.
  6. An organism that's microscopic or submicroscopic.
  7. Organism that grow feed and shelter on another organism.
  8. Poisonous substances.
  9. Parasitic organism that infects cell; capable of taking over host.
  10. Reaction to sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals or other substances.
  11. Communicable disease spread from one person to another.
    Contagious disease
  12. The presence or anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials.
  13. The removal of potentialy infectious material.
  14. Determination of nature of disease from symptoms or diagnostic test.
  15. Abnormal condition of all or part of the body that makes the person ill.
  16. Contact with an infectious material.
    Exposure disease
  17. Disease caused by pathogenic microorganism
    Infectious diesease
  18. The body's reaction or immune reaction of the body to infection, injury.  Characterize by redness, swelling, heat.
  19. Illness resulting from conditions on the job.
    Occupational disease
  20. Disease caused by parasites.
    Parasitic disease
  21. Disease produced by pathogens like bacteria, fungus, viruses.
    Pathogenic disease
  22. A disease that's recurrent.
    Systemic disease
  23. Federal agency created by the US Department of Labor to regulate and enforce safety and health standards to protect employees in the workplace.
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
  24. Regulating employee exposure to potentially toxic substances and informing employees about the possible hazards of materials used in the workplace are key points of what act?
    Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
  25. Which regulation created the manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products.
    Hazard Communication Standard (HCS)
  26. What sheets tell employees of possible hazardous ingredients, safe handling, overexposure, flammability warnings, disposal guidelines.
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
  27. The agency that approves and registers all types of disinfectants sold or used in the US.
    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  28. Type of disinfectant which are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids. They can be used on any nonporous surface in the salon.
    Hospital disinfectants
  29. Disinfectants that are proven to kill the bacteria that cause tuberculosis, that is transmitted through coughing or sneezing.
    Tuberculocidal disinfectants
  30. What agency exist to protect salon professionals and consumers.  Require everyone working in a salon or spa follow specific procedures. 
    State regulatory agencies
  31. What are written by bothe federal and state legislature that determine the scope of practice and establish guidelines for regulatory agencies to make rules.
  32. The methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms.
    Infection control
  33. A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and germs from tools, implements, and equipment.
    To clean
  34. The process to destroy most harmful organisms on environmental surfaces.
  35. A disease causing microorganism carried in the body by blood or body fluids, ex. Hepatitis, HIV.
    Bloodborne pathogens
  36. The number of viable organism in or on an object or surface before decontamination.
  37. The way bacteria reproduce once they get to their largest size and devide into two daughter cells.
    Bionary fission
  38. Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause disease; ex. pneumonia
  39. Bacteria that grow in clusters cause pustules, boils.
  40. Bacteria grow in strings; pus formong; ex. strep throat, blood poisoning.
  41. A short rod shape bacteria - most common bacteria; ex. tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, TB, diptheria
  42. Disinfectants used in salon capable of destroying bacteria.
  43. Guidelines set by OSHA that requires employer and employee to assume that all human blood and bodily fluids are infectious for blood borne pathogens.
    Universal precautions
  44. A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cell of an organism.  Reproduces by taking over the host cell.  The cause of common colds, digestive tract infection, measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever.
  45. A disease that breaks down the body's immune system.  Caused by the (HIV) Human immuno deficiency virus.
  46. Immunity that develops through exposure (pollen, ragweed) or through inoculation; ex. flu vaccine.
    Acquired immunity
  47. Chemical germicides used on skin, regulated by the FDA.
  48. Showing no signs of infection or symptoms.
  49. Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants.  A type of formaldehyde, high pH.  Damage skin and eyes
    Harmful to environment if put down the drain.
    Use to clean tools, can damage plastics and rubber and cause certain metals to rust.
    Phelonic disinfectants
  50. Dinfectant used in the salon.
    Quaternary ammonium (quats)
  51. Organism that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism.  Live in or on humans, pets, animals. Found on food, plants, trees, and water.
  52. Item made of material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids.
    Nonporous surface
  53. Microorganism that does not cause disease.
    Non pathogenic
  54. Immunity that is inherited or developed through normal living.
    Natural immunity
  55. A germ that lives in tap water in small number.
    Mycobacterium Fortuitum
  56. Reusable, item can be cleaned, disinfected and used on more than one person.
  57. Self movement
  58. A fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects and doesn't cause infection in the salon.
  59. A highly resistant bacteria.
    (MRSA) Methicillin resistant staphlococcus aureus
  60. An infection confined to a particular part of the body.  Appears as a lesion containing pus.
    Local infection
  61. Communicable disease that is spread from one person to another; ex. common cold, pink eye, ringworm.
    Contagious disease
  62. A fungus that infects bearded areas (face, neck, scalp)
    Tinea barbae
  63. A fungus that infects the scalp.
    Tinea capitis
  64. A fungus the infects the feet.
    Tines pedis
  65. The ability to fight infection.
  66. A virus that infects the bottom of the foot and resembles black dots, usually in clustered groups.
    Human papilloma virus (HPV)
  67. Virus that causes AIDS
    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  68. A Bloodborne virus that causes liver damage.
  69. Microscopic plant parasites, which include molds, mildew, yeasts.
  70. A slender, hairlike extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion. May also be referred to as cilia.
  71. contact with broken skin, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties.
    Exposure incident
  72. The ability to produce an effect.
  73. The presence or anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris such as dust, hair, and skin.
  74. Detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the residue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, and maks.
    Chelating soaps
  75. A contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
  76. Common household bleach; an effective disinfectant for the salon.
    Sodium hypochlorite