Ch.5 Poli Sci

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Ch.5 Poli Sci
2012-10-10 00:46:51
post test

Political Science chapter 5 post test
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  1. Americans' belief in equal rights has historically translated into a belief in equal opportunity. TRUE or FALSE?
  2. The 14th Amendment specifically forbids the states from denying to anyone
    equal protection of the laws
  3. What are policies that extend basic rights to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government or by other individuals called?
    Civil Rights
  4. How have the provisions of the 14th Amendment been applied over the last 100 years?
    Through a growing constistuional interpretation to outlaw arbitrary classifications which deny equality under the law.
  5. Which is these Supreme Court cases ruled that a black man, slave or free, was "chattel" and had no rights under a white man's government and that Congress had no power to ban slavery in the western territories.
    Scott v. Sanford
  6. What was the significance of the Supreme Court ruling in the case of Regents of the University of California v. Bakke ?
    It upheld afirmative action programs, but limited theis scope and outward racial quota set-asides.
  7. Arab Americans are not protected by the laws against discrimination. TRUE or FALSE?
  8. Which of these terms refers to the United States' public policy towards women in the first half of the twentieth century?
  9. Why was the 1954 decision Board of Education signifiant in the struggle for civil rights?
    the decision banned school segregation because it violated the 14th Amendment's guarentee of equal protection.
  10. The issue of ______ deals with women seeking to redress the fact that jobs traditionally held by men tend to pay far greater salaries than jobs that require similar skills but are traditionally held by women.
    comparable worth
  11. Which of these is the fastest growing age group i the American population?
    people in theis eighties
  12. According to the 1993 Supreme Court decision, at what point is sexual harassment termed sexual discrimination and violates the Civil Rights Act?
    When the workplace enviornment becomes hostile or abusive
  13. policies designed to give special attention or compensatory treatment to members of previously disadvantaged groups are called
    affirmative action
  14. The mandatory retirement age is 70. TRUE or FALSE?
  15. Which of these scenarios came about due to the Americans with Disabilitoes Act of 1990?
    Employers were prohibited from the discriminating against the disabled.
  16. If you are looking for direct reference to equality in the Constitution, in which Amendment(s) will you find it?
    The 14th Amendment
  17. Which of these statements expressed the sentiments of those who support affirmative action?
    Affirmative action requires equal rights, not just equal opportunities
  18. Which of these was a setback for gay rights?
    The Defense of Marriage Act
  19. In the ruling Hernandez v. Texas, how did the outcome of the case broaden the scope of civil rights?
    The ruling helped widen the definition of discrimination beyond race.
  20. Which of these would be considered de facto segregation?
    When children are assigned to schools near their homes and the neighborhood is racially segregated
  21. Equality is a basic principle of democracy. TRUE or FALSE?
  22. The Supreme Court has ruled that the use of race as a predominant factor in drawing distinct lines should be presumed to be unconstitutional. TRUE or FALSE?
  23. Title IZ od the Education Act of 1972 forbids racial discrimination in federally subsized education programs (which include almosy all colleges and universities). TRUE or FALSE?
  24. A 1944 Supreme Court decision uphelp the internment of Americans of Japanese descent as constitutional. TRUE or FALSE?
  25. Native Americans' fight for equality was easily won as they got many of their rights (including the right to vote) before women and African Americans. TRUE or FALSE?