MA-70 Ch 12

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fecooper
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17676
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MA-70 Ch 12
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2010-05-04 02:41:36
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Gastrointestinal System
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Medical Terminology
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  1. abdominal
    pert. to the abdomen
  2. anal
    pert. to the anus
  3. ankyloglossia
    tongue-tie; a defect of the tongue characterized by a short, thick frenulum (ankly/o = crooked or stiff)
  4. anorexia
    loss of appetite (orexia = appetite)
  5. antiemetic
    drug that prevents or stops vomiting
  6. aphagia
    inability to swallow
  7. appendectomy
    excision of a diseased appendix
  8. appendicitis
    inflammation of the appendix
  9. ascites
    accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity (ascos = bag)
  10. buccal
    pert. to the cheek
  11. cheilitis
    inflammation of the lip
  12. cheiloplasty
    repair of the lip
  13. cheilostomatoplasty
    plastic surgery and restoration of the mouth
  14. cholangiogram
    x-ray image of the bile ducts; often performed during surgery
  15. cholangiography
    radiography of the bile duct
  16. cholecystectomy
    excision of the gallbladder
  17. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  18. choledocholithiasis
    presence of stones in the common bile duct
  19. cholelithiasis
    presence of stones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
  20. cirrhosis
    chronic disease characterized by degeneration of liver tissue; most often caused by alcoholism or a nutritional deficiency
  21. colectomy
    excision of part or all of the colon
  22. colitis
    inflammation of the colon (large intestine)
  23. colorectal
    pert. to the colon and the rectum
  24. colostomy
    creation of an opening in the colon through the abdominal wall to create and abdominal anus
  25. colotomy
    incision of the colon
  26. constipation
    infrequent or incomplete bowel movements characterized by hardened, dry stool that is difficult to pass (constipo = to press together)
  27. defecation
    evacuation of feces from the rectum
  28. diarrhea
    frequent loose or liquid stools
  29. diverticula
    plural form of diverticulum
  30. diverticulitis
    inflammation of diverticula
  31. diverticulosis
    presence of widespread diverticula in the gastrointestinal tract, especially the colon
  32. diverticulum
    an abnormal side pocket in the gastrointestinal trace; usually related to a lack of dietary fiber
  33. duodenal
    pert. to the duodenum
  34. dysentery
    inflammation of the intestine characterized by frequent, bloody stools; most often caused by bacteria or protozoa
  35. dyspepsia
    indigestion (pepsis = digestion)
  36. dysphagia
    difficulty in swallowing
  37. endoscope
    a device consisting of a tube and optical system for observing the inside of a hollow organ, cavity, or tissue plane
  38. endoscopy
    examination within a body cavity with a flexible endoscope for diagnosis or treatment
  39. enteritis
    inflammation of the small intestine
  40. epigastric
    lying on top of the stomach
  41. esophageal
    pert. to the esophagus
  42. esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    (EGD) examination of the lining of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum with a flexible endoscope
  43. gastrectomy
    partial or complete removal of the stomach
  44. gastric
    pert. to the stomach
  45. gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  46. gastroenterologist
    a physician who specializes in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
  47. gastroenterology
    the study of the gastrointestinal tract and its diseases
  48. gastroesophageal
    pert. to the stomach and the esophagus
  49. gastrostomy
    creation of a new opening through the stomach
  50. gastrotomy
    a gastric or abdominal incision
  51. gingival
    pert. to the gums
  52. gingivitis
    inflammation of the gums
  53. hematemesis
    vomiting blood
  54. hepatic
    pert. to the liver
  55. hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver, usually caused by exposure to an infectious agent
  56. hepatomegaly
    enlargement of the liver
  57. hernia
    protrusion of a part of from its normal location
  58. herniorrhaphy
    repair of a hernia
  59. hypogastric
    pert. to the lower middle of the abdomen
  60. hypoglossal
    under the tongue
  61. icterus
    yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera (white of the eye), and other tissues; (syn = jaundice)
  62. inguinal
    pert. to the region of the groin
  63. jaundice
    yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera (white of the eye), and other tissues; (syn = icterus)
  64. laparoscopic
    pert. to the procedure of laparoscopy
  65. laparoscopy
    examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope for diagnostic purposes
  66. laparotomy
    incision into the abdomen
  67. melena
    dark-colored, tarry stool caused by old blood
  68. nasogastric
    pert. to the nasal passages and the stomach
  69. nausea
    feeling sick in the stomach
  70. pancreatectomy
    excision of the pancreas
  71. pancreatic
    pert. to the pancreas
  72. pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pancreas
  73. pancreatotomy
    surgical incision of the pancreas
  74. paracentesis*
    the puncture of a cavity with removal of fluid
  75. peritoneal
    pert. to the peritoneum
  76. peritoneum
    membrane surrounding the entire abdominal cavity
  77. peritonitis
    inflammation of the peritoneum
  78. polypectomy
    excision of polyps
  79. proctitis
    inflammation of the rectum and the anus
  80. proctologist
    one who specializes in diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus
  81. proctology
    the study of treatment of diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus
  82. proctoplasty
    repair of the anus and rectum
  83. rectal
    pert. to the rectum
  84. sialoadenitis
    inflammation of the salivary glands
  85. sialoadenopathy
    any disease of the salivary gland
  86. sigmoidoscope
    instrument used in the examination of the sigmoid colon
  87. sigmoidoscopy
    examination of the sigmoid colon with a rigid or flexible sigmoidoscope
  88. stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth
  89. stomatoplasty
    surgical repair of the mouth
  90. sublingual
    under the tongue
  91. umbilical
    pert to the umbilicus
  92. volvulus
    twisting of the bowel on itself, causing obstruction

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