SOP- Chapter 6

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Author:
Rburk022
ID:
176796
Filename:
SOP- Chapter 6
Updated:
2012-10-29 20:54:58
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Chapter Conformity
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Chapter 6- Conformity
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  1. Change in behavior or belief as the result of real or imagined group pressure. It involves acting/thinking differently than
    you would think alone
    Conformity
  2. both acting and agreeing w/ social pressures
    acceptance
  3. acting in accord with direct order or command
    Obedience
  4. publicly acting in accord with request while privately disagreeing
    compliance
  5. when the victim could not be seen or not heard, in same room obedience declined. Easy to abuse those distant from use.
    Victim's distance or depersonalization
  6. presence of experimenter vs. phone commands lead to more obedience. When someone assigned “clerical” role tried to step in and give commands the refusals went up drastically (80%). In fact an illegitimate authority will likely lead to rebellion
    Closeness and legitamacy of the authority
  7. better to have two small groups than one large group

    3 to 5 people will elicit more conformity than just 1 or 2
    Group packaging
  8. Observing another’s dissent can increase our own independence
    Unanimity
  9. "We feeling”; extent to which members of a group are bound together, such as by attraction for one another

    The more cohesive a group is, the more power it gains over its members

    We value in-group opinions more than out group
    Cohesion
  10. suicides increase after highly publicized suicide…

    People who were thinking of committing suicide are more likely after seeing a publicized one.
    Werther Effect
  11. found culture’s power to perpetuate false beliefs

    Both found that many people conform to the social norm or rather go w/ someone else's’ opinion over their own even if wrong.
    Sherifs studies of Norm foundation
  12. Suggestibility
    • Laugh tracks
    • Contagious yawning
    • Chameleon effect
    • “Werther effect”-
    • Mass delusions- UFO sightings
  13. One of most famous studies

    Tested what happens when the demands of authority clash with the demands of conscience (Teacher shock)
    Milgram study
  14. many of the Miligram participants said they wouldn’t have participated if it weren't for the Yale name.
    Institutional authority
  15. example of conformity being constructive… One dissenter liberates others to rebel as well
    Liberarting effects of group influence
  16. T/F
    One dissenter liberates others to rebel as well

    Dissenters break down cohesion and gives them a sense of independendce to act on what they previously thought about that they were afraid to do

    Observing another’s dissent can increase our own independence
    True
  17. Based on a person's desire to fulfill others’ expectations, often to gain acceptance

    Produced by social image, group judgments differing from our own
    Normative Influence
  18. Evaluating one’s
    opinions and abilities by comparing oneself with others
    Social comparison
  19. A false impression of what most other people are thinking or feeling, or how they are responding
    Pluralistic Comparison
  20. Motive to protect or restore one’s sense of freedom

    Arises when someone threatens our freedom of action

    Kids… why do they always do the opposite of what they are told?
    Reactance

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