HSII Ch. 4 Organ Systems

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Author:
trambam
ID:
176885
Filename:
HSII Ch. 4 Organ Systems
Updated:
2012-10-11 19:49:54
Tags:
integumentary skeletal muscular nervous endocrine cardiovascular circulatory lymphatic respiratory digestive urinary reproductive
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Description:
ALL 11 body system structures & functions
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  1. integumentary system structure
    • skin
    • hair
    • nails
    • sense receptors
    • sweat glands
    • oil glands
  2. integumentary system functions
    • protection 
    • regulate body temperature
    • synthesis of chemicals
    • sensitivity
  3. skeletal system structure
    • bones (206!)
    • joints
    • tendons
    • ligaments
  4. skeletal system functions
    • support
    • movement (joints & muscles)
    • storage of minerals
    • blood cell formation
  5. muscular system structure
    • muscles
    • voluntary= straited
    • involuntary= smooth
    • cardiac
  6. muscular system functions
    • movement
    • maintainence of body posture
    • production of heat
  7. nervous system structure
    • brain
    • spinal cord
    • nerves
    • sense organs
  8. nervous system functions
    • comunication
    • integration
    • control
    • recognition of sensory stimuli
  9. 3 parts of a neuron
    • cell body
    • dendrite
    • axon
  10. endocrine system structure
    • adrenal gland
    • hypothalamus
    • pancreas
    • parathyroid glands
    • pituitary gland
    • pineal gland
    • thymus gland
    • thyroid gland
    • testies
    • ovaries 
  11. endocrine system functions
    • secretion of special substances directly into blood "hormones"
    • same as nervous sytem: communication, integration, control, metabolism, reproduction
    • fluid & electrolyte balance
  12. cardiovascular (circulatory) system structure
    • heart
    • blood vessels
    • arteries
    • veins 
    • capillaries
  13. cardiovascular (circulatory) system function
    • transporation 
    • regulate body temperature
    • immunity (body defense)
  14. lymphatic system structure
    • lymph nodes
    • lymphatic vessels
    • tonsils
    • thymus
    • spleen
  15. lymphatic system functions
    • transportation
    • immunity (body defense)
  16.  repiratory system structure
    • nose
    • trachea
    • bronchi
    • pharynx
    • larynx
    • lungs
  17. repiratory system functions
    • exchange of waste gas (O2) for oxygen, occurs in alveoli of lungs
    • warm & humidify incoming air
    • filtration of irritants from inspired air
    • regulation of acid-base balance
  18. digestive system structure- primary organs
    • mouth
    • pharynx
    • esophagus
    • stomach
    • sm. intestine
    • lg. intestine
    • rectum
    • anal canal
  19. digestive system structure- accessory organs
    • teeth
    • salivary glands
    • liver
    • pancreas
    • appendix
    • tongue
    • gallbladder
  20. digestive system functions
    • digestion: mechanical & chemical breakdown of food
    • absorption of nutrients
    • feces: undigested waste product that's eliminated
  21. digestive system- appendix
    • structural, not functional
    • appendicitis: inflammation of the appendix
  22. urinary system structure
    • kidneys
    • ureters
    • urethra
    • urinary bladder
  23. urinary system functions
    • "clearing" or cleaning blood of waste products
    • urine: waste product excreted from body
    • electrolyte balance
    • water balance
    • acid-based balance
    • in males, urethra has urinary & reproductive functions
  24. reproductive system structure- males
    • gonads= testes
    • genital ducts= vas deferens, urethra
    • accessory gland= prostate
    • supporting structures= genitalia (penis & scrotum)
  25. reproductive system structure- females
    • gonads= ovaries
    • accessory glands= uterus, uterine (fallopian) tubes, vagina
    • supporting structures= genitalia (vulva), mammary glands (breasts)
  26. reproductive system function-
    • survival of genes
    • produce sex cells (sperm, ova)
    • transfer & fertilization of sex cells
    • development and birth of roffspring
    • nourishment of offspring
    • production of sex hormones

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