Cultural Anthropology

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Cultural Anthropology
2012-10-10 20:07:46
Cultural Anthropology

Cultural Anthropology
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  1. Anthropology
    Holistic, cross-cultural study of humanity, of social phenomena and of cultural variation among humans, our ancestors, and our primate relatives

    Based on the study of culture and an understanding that "there are normal ways of thinking and acting other than our own"
  2. Culture
    Learned behaviors and beliefs that are:

    • 1) shared by members of a society
    • 2) expressed through symbolism 
    • 3) adaptive
  3. Subfields of American Anthropology 
    • Archaeology 
    • Biological Anthropology
    • Linguistic Anthropology
    • Cultural Anthropology
  4. Archaeology
    Study of past human cultures through current day interpretations of material remains 
  5. Biological Anthropology 
    Study of humans, our ancestors, and our "cousins" as biological entities:

    • Evoultion
    • Nutrition
    • Growth & development
    • Biological diversity 
  6. Linguistic Anthropology 
    Studies how humans use verbal language and other forms of communication

    The documentation of soon to be "lost" languages

    Today, focuses on how language is used to construct identity (gender, social status, etc. 
  7. Cultural Anthropology 
    Focuses on learning about living people (their beliefs, adaptation to local environments, interactions with others, etc.)

    Ethnography (field work) is the main method 

    Documenting and understanding human diversity
  8. Culture 
    Learned and shared knowledge that people use to generate behavior and interpret experience 
  9. Explicit Culture
    Cultural knowledge that people can talk about
  10. Tacit Culture
    Cultural knowledge that people lack words for
  11. Ethnography 
    Process of discovering and describing a particular culture
  12. Microcultures
    Systems of cultural knowledge characteristic of subgroups within larger societies
  13. Informant
    Teaches ethnographers their culture
  14. Naive Realism 
    The belief that people everywhere see the world in the same way
  15. Cultural Shock 
    A state of anxiety that results from cross-cultural misunderstanding
  16. Ethnocentrism
    The belief and feeling that one's own culture is best