Anthropology 2-3

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Author:
rjtorn22
ID:
176982
Filename:
Anthropology 2-3
Updated:
2012-10-11 07:02:03
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Anthropology
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Anthropology 2-3
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  1. The Bronze Age
    • Bronze: alloy of copper and tin, arsenic, lead
    • Monumental architecture
    • Social stratification
    • Militarism
    • Administrative bureaucracies
    • Theocratic states (Egyptians and Sumerians)
    • Writing
  2. Writing
    • Invented 5,100 years old
    • The graphic representation of language
    • Accountancy
    • Store, manipulate, communicate data
    • Proper names of sites, regions, individuals
    • Immortalize people or events
    • Propaganda
    • Story telling
    • Divination
  3. Forms of Writing
    • Logographic – Signs represent words or ideas
    • Syllabic – Signs represents individual syllables
    • Logosyllabic – Combination of logographic and syllabic
    • Alphabetic – Signs represent individual consonants and vowel
  4. Iron Age
    • ~3,000 - 500 BP
    • Empires
    • Powerful militaries
    • Large populations
    • Conquest states and tribute societies
    • Social stratification
  5. Homo Floresiensis
    • Eight individuals founds
    • 1 meter tall; 50-60 pounds
    • Remains date to ~18,000 years ago
    • Controversy: New species OR modern humans suffering from microcephaly?
  6. New World Archaeology
    • North and South America
    • Paleo-Indian
    • Archaic
    • Pre-Classic
    • Classic
    • Post-Classic
  7. Human Arrival Debate
    • 40,000 year old footprints discovered in Mexico
    • >200 human footprints found in a quarry; Preserved by volcanic activity (ash cover)
    • Highly controversial; many claim that the quarry was too recently disturbed to give accurate data
  8. The Paleo-Indian
    • Lasted until ~10,000 BP
    • Big game hunters of the megafauna — long-horned bison, horses, mammoths, mastodons, camels, wolves, ground sloths
  9. The Paleo-Indian Clovis
    • Lance shaped and “fluted” points
    • Clovis (12,000 - 11,000 BP)
    • Big game hunters
    • Scrapers and knives
    • Exploited fish and shellfish
  10. The Paleo-Indian Folsom
    • 11,000 - 10,000 BP
    • Smaller point
  11. The Archaic
    • Broad spectrum H/G
    • Local resources; Increased sedentism
    • Tools made from wood, bone, and antler
    • By 6,000 BP agriculture in Mexico; By 4,500 BP pottery; By 4,000 BP villages in Mexico; By 4,000 BP Alaska to Greenland inhabited
  12. Pre-Classic, Classic, and Post Classic
    • Began ~4,500 BP
    • Mesoamerica and Peru = agriculture
    • Urban development
    • Social stratification
    • Formal political organization
    • Imperialistic states

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