Anthropology Test 2

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Anthropology Test 2
2012-10-12 14:15:15
intro cultural anthropology

Intro to Cultural Anthropology Test Two
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  1. People related through marriage.
    Affinal Kin
  2. A residence pattern in which a married couple may choose either matrilocal or patrilocal residence.
    Ambilocal Residence
  3. Given the choice to of affiliating with mather's or father's descent group.
    Ambilineal Descent
  4. A family established through marriage.
    Conjugal Family
  5. A family of "blood relatives" consisting of related women, their brothers, and the women's offspring.
    Consanguineal Family
  6. Biologically related relatives, commonly reffered to as blood relatives.
    Consanguineal Kin
  7. Payment of a woman's inheritance at the time of her marriage, either to her or her husband.
  8. Marriage within a particular group or category of individuals.
  9. Marriage outside of the group.
  10. Two or more closely related nuclear families clustered together into a large domestic group.
    Extended Family
  11. Two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption.
  12. Marriage by proxy to the symbols of someone not physically present to establish the social status of a spouse and heirs.
    Fictive Marriage
  13. Marriage in which several men and women have sexual access to one another; also called co-marriage.
    Group Marriage
  14. The basic residential unit where economic production, consumption, inheritance, childrearing, and shelter are oganized and carried out.
  15. The prohibition of sexual relations between specified individuals, usually parent and child and sibling relations at a minimum.
    Incest Taboo
  16. A culturally sanctioned union between two or more people that establishes certain rights and obligations between the people, between them and their children.
  17. A residence pattern in which a married couple lives in the wife's mather's place of residence.
    Matrilocal Residence
  18. Marriage in which both partners have just one spouse.
  19. A pattern in which a married couple establishes the household in a location apart from either the husband's or the wife's relatives.
    Neolocal Residence
  20. A group consisting of one or two parents and dependent offspinrg, which may include a stepparent, stepsiblings, and adopted children.
    Nuclear Family
  21. A residence pattern in which a married couple lives in the husband's father's place of residence.
    Parilocal Residence
  22. Marriage of a woman to two o rmore men at one time; a form of polygamy.
  23. One individual having multiple spouses at the same time.
  24. Marriage of a man to two or more women at the same time; a form of polygamy.
  25. A marriage form in which a man or woman marries or lives with a series of partners in succession.
    Serial Monogamy
  26. A network of relatives within which individuals possess certain mutual rights and obligations.
  27. A unilineal kinship group descended from a common acestor or founder who lived four to six generations ago, and in which relationships among members can be exactly stated in genealogical terms.
  28. An extended unilineal kinship group, often consisting of several lineages, whose members claim common descent from a remote ancestor, usually legendary or mythological.
  29. The belief that people are related to particular animals, plants, or natural objects by virtue of descent from common ancestral spirits.
  30. An individual's close blood relatives on the maternal and paternal sides of his or her family.
  31. The splitting of a descent group into two or more new descents groups.
  32. Kinship reckoning in which teh nuclear family is emphasized by aspecifically identifying the mother, father, brother, and sister, while lumping together all other relatives into broad categores such as uncle, aunt, and cousin.
    Eskimo System
  33. Descent traced exclusively through the male line to establish group membership; also known as agnatic or male descent.
    Parilineal Descent
  34. Descent traced exclusively through the female line to establish group membership.
    Matrilineal Descent
  35. Descent that establishes group membersip exclusevely through either the male or female line; also known as unilateral descent.
    Unilineal Descent
  36. An organized arrangement for producing, distributing, and consuming goods.
    Economic System
  37. A mode of exchange in which the giving and the receiving are specific as to the value of the goods and the time of their delivery.
    Balanced Reciprocity
  38. A showy display of wealth for social prestige.
    Conspicuous Consumption
  39. A mode of exchange in which the value of what is given is not calculated, nor is the time of repayment specified.
    Generalized Reciprocity
  40. A network of producing and circulating marketable commodities, labor, and services that for various reasons escape government control.
    Informal Economy
  41. A form of balanced reciprocity that reinforces trade relations among the seafaring Trobriand Islanders and other Melanesians.
    Kula Ring
  42. The buying and selling of goods and services, with prices set by rules of supply and demand.
    Market Exchange
  43. Something used to make payments for other goods and services as well as to measure their vaule.
  44. A form of exchange in which the aim is to goet something for as little as possible.
    Negative Reciprocity
  45. On the northwest coast of North America, a ceremonial even in which a village chief publicly gives away stockpiled food and other goods that signify wealth.
  46. The exchagne of goods and services, of approximately equal value, between two parties.
  47. A form of exchancge in which goods flow into a central place, where they are sorted, counted, and reallocated.
  48. Tools and other material equipment, together with the knowledge of how to make and use them.
  49. A family consisting of a couple and their children from this and all previous relationships. 
    Blended Family
  50. two families living together in one house and sharing facilities
    Communal Families
  51. A sum of money or quantity of goods given to a bride's family by that of the groom, esp. in tribal societies.
  52. service rendered by the bridegroom to a bride's family as a bride price or part of one
    Bride Service
  53. Each of two cousins who are children of a brother and sister
    Cross cousin
  54. The offspring of a parent's sibling; a first cousin
    Parallel Cousins
  55. A system in which descent is reckoned through both the mother's and father's lines..
    Bilateral Kinship
  56. descent through both the patrilineal and the matrilineal group with attendant rights and obligations
    Double Descent
  57. objects that serve as a medium of exchange in only limited contexts
    Special Purpose Money
  58. He is best known for his work on kinship and social structure, his theories of social evolution, and his ethnography of the Iroquois
    Lewis Henry Morgan
  59. best known for his long-term ethnographic field work among the Yanomamö, his contributions to evolutionary theory in cultural anthropology, and to the study of warfare
    Napolean Chagnon
  60. Yams are the status symbol but can only be repaid in banna leaves and skirts.
    Trobriand Islanders Economy
  61. Mining for salt in the dessert where you have no water and risk being killed by bandits. But it can be very profitable.
    Afar Salt Miners/Danakil Depression
  62. Flexibility & Sexual Integration: Bushmen of KalahariRigid Segregation: Amish, AsmatBoth: Native Americans
    Division of Labor by gender
  63. Almost all societies have it, but it varies greatly. Example: retiring at age 60.
    Division of labor by age and child labor
  64. tend to make profit off of underdeveloped local economic activity in areas wher they draw resources. Afirica's underdevelopment by colonial powers over gold, gem mining, ect.
    Economic Schemes of multinational corporations. 
  65. No marriage (Walking Marriage): They don't get married. They screw each other and then go back to their immediate family. Everything is supported by the womanCommunists came in and tried to change them but it didn't work.
    Mosuo of China
  66. A woman marries brothers from the same family.
    Tibetan Polyandry
  67. Girl has 3 types of husbands
    Nayar of India
  68. Nayar woman has one shortly before first menstruation. No obligations to one another.
    Ritual Husband
  69. Nayar woman has one when consents to a sexual liaison. The man gives her gifts 3 times a year until the relationship is terminated.
    Visiting Husband
  70. Husband for Nayar woman when she becomes pregnat. One of the men she has been fucking has to acknowledge paternity by giving gifts. He holds no obligation to the child but can be interested if he wants to.
    Paternity Provider
  71. Hippies. All have access to each other.
    Group Marriage
  72. marriage of one male husband to one female wife by proxy, often during wartimes
  73. a widow marries her dead husband’s brother; ancient law codes
  74. a widower marries his dead wife’s sister