Chapter 7-Community Health

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Chapter 7-Community Health
2012-10-11 14:46:22
Community Health Nursing CHapter

Government, the Law, and Policy Activism- Key Terms
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  1. advanced practice nurse
    nurses with advanced education beyond the baccalaureate degree who are prepared to manage and deliver health care services to individuals, families, groups, communities, and populations; includes clinical nurse specialist, nurse practitioners, nurse midwives, nurse anesthetists and others
  2. Agency for Healthcare Research Quality (AHRQ)
    a division of the US Department of Health and Human Services, formerly known as the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR), whose mission is to support research designed to improve the outcomes and quality of health care, reduce its costs, address patient safety and medical errors, and broaden access to services
  3. American Nurses Association (ANA)
    the national professional association of registered nurses in the Unites States, founded in 1896
  4. block grants
     a predetermined amount of money based on previous spending and availability fo funds that is given to a state by the federal government for designated purposes such as state health care programs
  5. board of nursing
    a group created in each state by legislation known as a state nurse practice act. The board is made up of nurses and consumers who operationalize, implement, and enforce the statutory law by writing explicit statements (called rules) regarding nursing and nursing practice.
  6. categorical programs/funding
    federal, state, or local funds used to conduct a specific program such as tuberculosis screening, HIV/AIDS home care, or prenatal care. The money cannot be used for any other program or purpose.
  7. constitutional law
    branch of law dealing with the organization and function of a government
  8. devolution
    the process of shifting, planning, delivering, and financing responsibiblity for programs from federal to the state level
  9. health policy 
    public policy that affects health and health services. delineates options from which individuals and organizations make their health-related choices. Made with a political context
  10. judicial law
    law based on court or jury decisions
  11. legislation
    bills introfuced by Congress for the purpose of establishing aws that direct policy
  12. legislative staff 
    an individual or groups of individuals who perform duties such as research and writing, which helps the legislator moe policy ideas through the legislative processes and into law 
  13. licensure
    legal sanction to practice a profession after attaining the minimum degree of competence to ensure protection of public health and safety 
  14. National Instute of Nursing Research (NINR)
    one of the National Instute of Health charged with promoting growth and quality of research in nursing
  15. nurse practice act
    state law that governs the practice of nursing
  16. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
    federal agency charged with improving worker health and safety by establishing standards and regulations and by educating workers
  17. Office of Homeland Security
    and office of the executive branch designed to protect citizens from terrorist threats or attacks, including bioterrorism
  18. police power
    states' power to act to protect the health, safety, and welfare of their citizens
  19. policy 
    settled course of action to be followed by a government or institution to obtain a desired end
  20. politics
    the art of influencing others to accept a specific course of action
  21. regulations
    specific statements of law that relate to and clarify individual pieces of legislation
  22. US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS)
    a regulatory agencyof the executive branch of government charged with overseeing the health and welfare needs of US citizens
  23. World Health Organization (WHO)
    an arm of the United Nattion that provides worldwide services to promote health