Week 8-Reproductive-the rest.txt

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Week 8-Reproductive-the rest.txt
2012-10-11 19:59:58
Reproductive rest

Reproductive-the rest
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  1. What is gestational diabetes mellitius
    • high blood sugar first diagnosed during pregnancy
    • 4-65 of pregnancies in US complicated by diabetes and 90% of those are gestational diabetes millitis
    • insuling requirement during pregnancy higher than non-pregnant state
  2. What causees gestational diabetes mellitius
    • physiological changes during pregnancy can result in insufficeient insulin levels
    • (1) placenta inactivates insulin
    • (2) pregnancy-induced elevation of stress hormones (cortisol, ephinephrine, glucagon) raises blood glucose
    • Pregnancy normally increase insulin, but in some women insulin remains the low as blood glocose rises
  3. What are risk factors of gestational diabetes mellitius
    • Familial type II diabetes
    • gestational diabetes during previous pregnancy
    • child birth weith >9 pounds during previous pregnancy
    • Diagnose of Pre-diabets: imparired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting glucose
    • Tobacco use
  4. Symptoms of gestational diabetes mellitius
    • similar to insulin-dependant diabetes
    • maternal hypertension, polyhydramnios (excessive amniotic fluid)
    • excessive weight gain over last 6 months of pregnancy
    • fetus large for its gestation
  5. Prevention of gestational diabetes mellitius
    • Health diet
    • manage body weight gain
    • exercise
  6. Untreated gestational diabetes mellitius risks
    • sillbirth
    • premature delivery
    • high or low neonatl birh weigths
  7. What are normal biological chanes
    • Pubic hair thins and gray
    • loss of elasticity of external genitalia causing wrinkling and sadding skin
    • shrinking of internal reporductive organs
    • decreased breast volume
  8. Uterine prolapse
    uterine drops and protrudes into the vagina
  9. Cystocele
    downward displacement of urinary bladder into the vagina
  10. Menopause
    • Cessation of menstruation or the natural transition period occuring between the aged of 45 and 55 where
    • ovaries stop producing eggs
    • less estrogen and progestrone produced
    • menstration becomes less frewuent, eventually stopping altogether