vocab workshop chapter 2

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vocab workshop chapter 2
2012-10-11 22:13:16
voca workshop chapter

vocab workshop chapter 2
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  1. ameliorate
    • v. to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming
    • syn: amend, better
    • ant: worsen, aggravate, exacerbate
  2. aplomb
    • n. poise, assurance, great self-confidence, perpindicular
    • syn: composure, self-possession, levelheadness
    • ant: confusion, embarassment, abashment
  3. bombastic
    • adj. pompous or overblown in language, full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of idea
    • syn: inflates, highfalutin, high-flown, pretentious
  4. callow
    • adj. without experience, immature, not fully developed, lacking sophistication and poise, without feathers
    • syn: green, raw, unfledged, inexperienced
    • ant: mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated
  5. drivel
    • n. saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose, foolish aimless talk or thinking, nonsense
    • v. to let saliva flow from the mouth, to utter nonsense or childish twaddle, to waste or fritter away foolishly
    • syn: balderdash, hogwash, tommyrot, slaver
  6. epitome
    • n. a summary, condensed account, an instance that represents a larger reality
    • syn abstract, digest, model, archetype
  7. exhort
    • v. to urge strongly, advise earnestly
    • syn: entreat, implore, adjure
    • ant: discourage, advise against, deprecate
  8. ex officio
    • adj or adv. by virtue of holding a certain office
    • like they are just given the role sort of
  9. infringe
    • v. to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
    • syn: encroach, impinge, intrude, poach
    • ant: stay in bounds
  10. ingratiate
    • v. to make oneself aggreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)
    • syn: cozy up to, curry favor with
    • ant: alienate, humiliate oneself, mortify oneself
  11. interloper
    • n. one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or as no right to be, an intruder
    • syn: trespasser, meddler, buttinsky
  12. intrinsic
    • adj. belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent, originating in a bodily organ or part
    • syn: immanent, organic
    • ant: extrinsic, external, outward
  13. inveigh
    • v. to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval
    • syn: rail, harangue, fulminate, remonstrate
    • ant: acclaim, glorify, extol
  14. lassitude
    • n. weariness of body or mind, lack of energy
    • syn: fatigue, lethargy, torpor, languor
    • ant: energy, vitality, animation, liveliness
  15. millennium
    • n. a period of one thousand years, a period of great joy
    • syn: chiliad, golden age, prosperitym peace
    • ant: doomsday, day of judgement
  16. occult
    • adj. mysterious magical, supernatural, secret, hidden from view, not dectetable by ordinary means
    • v. to hide conceal, eclpise
    • n. matters invloving the supernatural
    • syn: supernatural, espteric, abstruse, arcane
    • ant: mundane, common, public, exoteric
  17. permeate
    v. to spread through, penetrate, soak through
  18. precipitate
    • v. to fall as moisture, to cause or bring about suddenly, to hurl down from a great height, to give distinct form to
    • adj. characterized by excessive haste
    • n. moisture, the product of an action or progress
    • syn: provoke, produce, reckless, impetuous
    • ant: wary, cautious, circumspect
  19. stringent
    • adj.strict, severe, rigorously or urgently binding or compelling, sharp or bitter to the taste
    • syn: stern, rigorous, tough, urgent, imperative
    • ant: lenient, mild, lax, permissive
  20. surmise
    • v. to think or beleive without certain supporting evidence, to conjecture or guess
    • n. likely idea that lacks definte proof
    • syn: infer, gather, inference, presumption