2313 Exam 3

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Nelikya
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177215
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2313 Exam 3
Updated:
2012-10-12 18:05:50
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Sonography
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Exam 3 Bob's Test
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  1. 1. Which of the following best represents the normal range for systemic arterial peak systolic pressure?
    -d: 100mm Hg to 140 mm Hg
  2. 2. Which of the following best represents the normal mean systemic arterial pressure range?
    -d: 60 mm Hg to 90 mm Hg
  3. 3. Which of the following best represents the normal systemic arterial end diastolic pressure range?
    -d: 60 mm Hg to 90 mm Hg
  4. 4. Which of the following best represents the normal left ventricular end diastolic pressure range?
    -a: 3 mm Hg to 12 mm Hg
  5. 5. The normal range for mean left atrial/pulmonary wedge pressure is:
    -a: 2 mm Hg to 12 mm Hg
  6. 6. The normal range for pulmonary artery peak systolic pressure is:
    -b: 15 mm Hg to 30 mm Hg
  7. 7. The normal range for pulmonary artery end-diastolic pressure is:
    -c: 4 mm Hg to 12 mm Hg
  8. 8. he normal range for mean pulmonary artery pressure is:
    -b: 9 mm Hg to 18 mm Hg
  9. 9. The normal range for the right ventricular peak systolic pressure is:
    -b: 15 mm Hg to 30 mm Hg
  10. 10. The normal range for right ventricular end diastolic pressure is:
    -a: 2 mm Hg to 8 mm Hg
  11. 11. The normal range for the mean right atrial pressure is:
    -a: 2 mm Hg to 8 mm Hg
  12. 12. Normally the peak arterial systolic pressure is equal to the peak systolic:
    -d: left ventricle
  13. 13. Normally the left ventricular diastolic pressure is equal to the diastolic pressure of the:
    -b: left atrium
  14. 14. The left atrial/pulmonary artery wedge pressure normally represents the diastolic pressure of the:
    -d: left ventricle
  15. 15. The peak right ventricular systolic pressure normally is equal to the:
    -b: pulmonary artery peak systolic
  16. 16. The mean right atrial pressure normally is equal to the:
    -d: right ventricular diastolic
  17. 1. Assuming normal intracardia pressures, all of the following statements are true concerning blood flow during ventricular systole except blood travels from the:
    -d: left atrium to the pulmonary arteries.
  18. 2. When early ventricular systolic pressure exceeds atrial pressures the atrioventricular valves will:
    -b: close
  19. 3. When ventricular diastolic pressures fall below arterial pressure the semi-lunar valves will:
    -a: open
  20. 4. When ventricular diastolic pressure falls below atrial pressure the avtrioventricular valves will:
    -b: close
  21. 5. When ventricular pressure falls below atrial pressure in the atrioventricular valves will:
    -a: open
  22. 6. Atrioventricular valve regurgitation will increase the atrial wave call the:
    -d: v
  23. 7. Atrial fibrillation will cause which of the following atrial waves to be absent?
    -a: a
  24. 8. Atrioventricular valve stenosis will lead to an increase in the atrial wave called the:
    -a: a wave
  25. 9. Which of the following cardiac diseases is associated with steep atrial x and y descents?
    -c: constrictive pericarditis
  26. 10. All of the following will directly increase ventricular systolic pressure except:
    -b: mitral stenosis
  27. 11. All of the following cardiac diseases will lead to an increase in left ventricular end diastolic pressure except:
    -c: tricuspid stenosis
  28. 12. All of the following may increase pulmonary artery pressures except:
    -d: tricuspid regurgitation
  29. 1. The right heart oxygen saturations normally are equal to approximately:
    -c:75%
  30. 2. Which of the following will normally have the lowest oxygen saturation level?
    -b: superior vena cava
  31. 3. The normal oxygen saturation level for the left heart is:
    -d: 95%
  32. 4. Which of the following normally has the lowest oxygen saturation level?
    -b: coronary sinus
  33. 5. Which of the following normally has the highest oxygen saturation level?
    -d: pulmonary veins
  34. 1. What effect will supine to standing have on venous return and ventricular volume?
    -c: decrease
  35. 2. Supine to standing will increase the intensity of all murmurs except:
    -c: hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  36. 3. What effect will standing to suppine have on venous return and ventricular stroke volume?
    -a: increase
  37. 4. Standing to supine will increase the intensity of all murmurs except:
    -c: hypertropic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  38. 5. Which of the following has the same physiologic effect as standing to supine?
    -c: passive leg raising
  39. 6. Which effect will standing to squatting have on venous return and ventricular stoke volume?
    -a: increase
  40. 7. All of the following murmurs will increase in intensity with prompt squatting except:
    -c: hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  41. 8. What effect will the strain phase of the Valsalva maneuver have on venous return and ventricular stroke volume?
    -c: decrease
  42. 9. Which of the following murmurs will increase the intensity with the Valsalva maneuver?
    -d: hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  43. 10. The isometric handgrip will increase all of the following except:
    -a: respirations
  44. 11. Concerning the isometric handgrip, which of the following is incorrectly marked?
    -d: valvular pulmonic stenosis: increased intensity
  45. 12. The in halation of amyl nitrite will increase all of the following murmurs except:
    -d: ventricular septal defect
  46. 13. Amyl nitrite inhalation may elicit or enhance:
    -a: mitral valve prolapse
  47. 14. What effect will inspiration have on venous return and ventricular stroke volume?
    -a: increase
  48. 15. All of the following will increase in intensity with inspiration except:
    -b: mitral regurgitation
  49. 16. What effect will inspiration have on the time interval between aortic valve closure and pulmonic valve closure?
    -a: increase
  50. 17. What effect will expiration have on venous return and ventricular stroke volume?
    -c: decrease
  51. 18. All of the following murmurs will increase in intensity with expiration except:
    -d: pulmonary regurgitation
  52. 19. All of the following murmurs will decrease in intensity with expiration except:
    -a: mitral regurgitation
  53. 1. The two normal heart sounds are:
    -a: S1, S2
  54. 2. S1 is caused by:
    -a: clsure of the atrioventricular valves
  55. 3. The major component of the S1 heart sound is closure of the :
    -b: mitral valve
  56. 4. S2 is caused by the
    -c: closure of the semilunar valves
  57. 5. S1 occurs when:
    -b: ventricular pressure exceeds atrial pressure
  58. 6. According to the electrocardiogram, S1 coincides with the:
    -b: QRS complex
  59. 7. Compared to the mitral valve, the tricuspid valve closure normally occurs:
    -c: after
  60. 8. S2 occurs when:
    -c: ventricular pressure fallsw below arterial pressure
  61. 9. In relation to the electrocardiogram, S2 occurs at the end of the:
    -c: T wave
  62. 10. Compared to the aortic valve, the pulmonary valve normally closes:
    -c: after
  63. 1. Which one of the following organs has its primary function to provide for the mtabolic demands of the body?
    -a: heart
  64. 2. All of the flollowing are componentt parts of the circulation except:
    -D: vasa vasorum
  65. 3. The inner layer of a vessel wall is the tunica:
    -c: intima
  66. 4. The middle,thickes layer of a vessel wall is the tunica:
    -b:media
  67. 5. The other layer of a vessel wall is called the tunica:
    -a: adventitia
  68. 6. Which of the following provides oxygenated blood and nutrients to blood vessel walls?
    -d: vasa vasorum
  69. 7. which of the flollowing arteries conducts blood from the left ventricel to the peripheral arteries?
    -a: aorta
  70. 8. Which of the following arteries conducts blood formthe aorta to the various organs of the body?
    -b: peripheral arteries
  71. 9. Which of the following arteries act as control valves through which blood is metered into the capillaries?
    -c: arterioles
  72. 10. which of the folloing provide for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, carbon dioxide, and waste?
    -d: capillaries
  73. 11. Which of the following vessels collect deoxygenated blood forom the capillaries?
    -b: venules
  74. 12. Which of the following conducts dexogyentaed blood from the peripheral tissue to the hear?
    -a: veins
  75. 1. All of the following may affect cardiac performance except:
    -d: blood velocity
  76. 2. The amount of ventricular diastolic filling is called:
    -a: preload
  77. 3. The amount of preload may be measured clnically by:
    -b: ventricular end-diastolic pressure
  78. 4. According to the Frank-Starling law, an increase in preload may have which effect on cardiac performance?
    -a: increase
  79. 5. The resistance a ventricle encounters during ventricular systole is called:
    -b: afterload
  80. 6. What effect will an increase in afterlad have on cardiac performance?
    -c: decrease
  81. 7. All o the following will increase afterload except:
    -b: anemia
  82. 8. The inherent property of the ventricle to contract is called:
    -c: cor triatriatum
  83. 9. Which of the following will directly affect myocardial contractility?
    -b: myocardial infarction
  84. 10. According to the Frank-Starling law of the heart, a decrease in heart rate my have which effect on cardiac performance?
    -a: increase
  85. 11. which of the following will enhance cardiac cell excitability, pacemaker firing rate, conduction speed and contractility?
    -b: sympathetic nervous system
  86. 12. Which of the following will decrease cardiac cell excitability, pacemaker fring rate, conduction speed and contractility?
    -a: parasympathetic nervous system
  87. 13. The term bathomotropic refers to:
    -a: excitability
  88. 14. The term chronotropic refers to:
    -b: pacemaker firing rate
  89. 15. The term dromotropic refers to:
    -c: rate of conduction
  90. 16. The term inotropic refers to:
    -d: contractility
  91. 1. Coronary artery blood flow occurs predominatly during
    -b: ventricular diastole
  92. 2. Significant cornoary artery disease is present when the percent decrease in cornoary artery diameter is at least:
    -c: 70%
  93. 3. Which of the following pathologies would most liely affect coronary artery circulation:
    -c: aortic regurgitation
  94. 4. An increase in left ventricular diastolic pressure may have which effect on cornoary circulation?
    -c: decrease
  95. 5. An increase in heart rate will have which effect on cornoary circulation?
    -c: decrease
  96. 6. The establishment of collateral circulationwill have which effect on cronary circulation?
    -a: increase
  97. 1. The two distinct fraction s of blood are plasma and:
    -d: formed elements
  98. 2. All of the following are a component of the formed elements of lbood excpet:
    -d: plasma
  99. 3. Red blood cells are also referred to as
    -b: erythrocytes
  100. 4. White blood cells are also referred to as:
    -c: leukocytes
  101. 5. Platelets are also referred to as
    -d: thrombocytes
  102. 6. The fluid that carries the formed elements of blood is called:
    -d: plasma
  103. 7. The percentage of red blood cells present is called:
    -c:hematocrit
  104. 8. The percentage of plasma present is:
    -c: plasmacrit
  105. 9. An increase in the number of red blood cells is:
    -b: polycythemia
  106. 10. A decrease in the number of red blood cells is:
    -a: anemia
  107. 11. An increase in the number of white blood cells is:
    -d: leukocytosis
  108. 12. A decrease in the number of white blood cells is:
    -c: leukopenia

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