2313 Test 3

Home > Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Nelikya on FreezingBlue Flashcards.


  1. Which of the following best represents the normal range for systemic arterial peak systolic pressure?
    -d: 100mm Hg to 140 mm Hg
  2. Which of the following best represents the normal mean systemic arterial pressure range?
    -d: 60 mm Hg to 90 mm Hg
  3. Which of the following best represents the normal systemic arterial end diastolic pressure range?
    -d: 60 mm Hg to 90 mm Hg
  4. Which of the following best represents the normal left ventricular end diastolic pressure range?
    -a: 3 mm Hg to 12 mm Hg
  5. The normal range for mean left atrial/pulmonary wedge pressure is:
    -a: 2 mm Hg to 12 mm Hg
  6. The normal range for pulmonary artery peak systolic pressure is:
    -b: 15 mm Hg to 30 mm Hg
  7. The normal range for pulmonary artery end-diastolic pressure is:
    -c: 4 mm Hg to 12 mm Hg
  8. The normal range for mean pulmonary artery pressure is:
    -b: 9 mm Hg to 18 mm Hg
  9. The normal range for the right ventricular peak systolic pressure is:
    -b: 15 mm Hg to 30 mm Hg
  10. . The normal range for right ventricular end diastolic pressure is:
    -a: 2 mm Hg to 8 mm Hg
  11. . The normal range for the mean right atrial pressure is:
    -a: 2 mm Hg to 8 mm Hg
  12. . Normally the peak arterial systolic pressure is equal to the peak systolic:
    -d: left ventricle
  13. . Normally the left ventricular diastolic pressure is equal to the diastolic pressure of the:
    -b: left atrium
  14. . The left atrial/pulmonary artery wedge pressure normally represents the diastolic pressure of the:
    -d: left ventricle
  15. . The peak right ventricular systolic pressure normally is equal to the:
    -b: pulmonary artery peak systolic
  16. The mean right atrial pressure normally is equal to the:
    -d: right ventricular diastolic
  17. Assuming normal intracardia pressures, all of the following statements are true concerning blood flow during ventricular systole except blood travels from the:
    -d: left atrium to the pulmonary arteries.
  18. When early ventricular systolic pressure exceeds atrial pressures the atrioventricular valves will:
    -b: close
  19. When ventricular diastolic pressures fall below arterial pressure the semi-lunar valves will:
    -a: open
  20. When ventricular diastolic pressure falls below atrial pressure the avtrioventricular valves will:
    -b: close
  21. When ventricular pressure falls below atrial pressure in the atrioventricular valves will:
    -a: open
  22. Atrioventricular valve regurgitation will increase the atrial wave call the:
    -d: v
  23. Atrial fibrillation will cause which of the following atrial waves to be absent?
    -a: a
  24. Atrioventricular valve stenosis will lead to an increase in the atrial wave called the:
    -a: a wave
  25. Which of the following cardiac diseases is associated with steep atrial x and y descents?
    -c: constrictive pericarditis
  26. . All of the following will directly increase ventricular systolic pressure except:
    -b: mitral stenosis
  27. . All of the following cardiac diseases will lead to an increase in left ventricular end diastolic pressure except:
    -c: tricuspid stenosis
  28. . All of the following may increase pulmonary artery pressures except:
    -d: tricuspid regurgitation
  29. The right heart oxygen saturations normally are equal to approximately:
    -c:75%
  30. Which of the following will normally have the lowest oxygen saturation level?
    -b: superior vena cava
  31. The normal oxygen saturation level for the left heart is:
    -d: 95%
  32. Which of the following normally has the lowest oxygen saturation level?
    -b: coronary sinus
  33. Which of the following normally has the highest oxygen saturation level?
    -d: pulmonary veins
  34. What effect will supine to standing have on venous return and ventricular volume?
    -c: decrease
  35. Supine to standing will increase the intensity of all murmurs except:
    -c: hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  36. What effect will standing to suppine have on venous return and ventricular stroke volume?
    -a: increase
  37. Standing to supine will increase the intensity of all murmurs except:
    -c: hypertropic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  38. Which of the following has the same physiologic effect as standing to supine?
    -c: passive leg raising
  39. Which effect will standing to squatting have on venous return and ventricular stoke volume?
    -a: increase
  40. All of the following murmurs will increase in intensity with prompt squatting except:
    -c: hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  41. What effect will the strain phase of the Valsalva maneuver have on venous return and ventricular stroke volume?
    -c: decrease
  42. Which of the following murmurs will increase the intensity with the Valsalva maneuver?
    -d: hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
  43. . The isometric handgrip will increase all of the following except:
    -a: respirations
  44. . Concerning the isometric handgrip, which of the following is incorrectly marked?
    -d: valvular pulmonic stenosis: increased intensity
  45. . The in halation of amyl nitrite will increase all of the following murmurs except:
    -d: ventricular septal defect
  46. . Amyl nitrite inhalation may elicit or enhance:
    -a: mitral valve prolapse
  47. . What effect will inspiration have on venous return and ventricular stroke volume?
    -a: increase
  48. . All of the following will increase in intensity with inspiration except:
    -b: mitral regurgitation
  49. . What effect will inspiration have on the time interval between aortic valve closure and pulmonic valve closure?
    -a: increase
  50. . What effect will expiration have on venous return and ventricular stroke volume?
    -c: decrease
  51. . All of the following murmurs will increase in intensity with expiration except:
    -d: pulmonary regurgitation
  52. . All of the following murmurs will decrease in intensity with expiration except:
    -a: mitral regurgitation
  53. The two normal heart sounds are:
    -a: S1, S2
  54. S1 is caused by:
    -a: clsure of the atrioventricular valves
  55. The major component of the S1 heart sound is closure of the :
    -b: mitral valve
  56. S2 is caused by the
    -c: closure of the semilunar valves
  57. . S1 occurs when:
    -b: ventricular pressure exceeds atrial pressure
  58. . According to the electrocardiogram, S1 coincides with the:
    • -b: QRS complex
    • . Compared to the mitral valve, the tricuspid valve closure normally occurs:
    • -c: after
  59. S2 occurs when:
    -c: ventricular pressure fallsw below arterial pressure
  60. In relation to the electrocardiogram, S2 occurs at the end of the:
    -c: T wave
  61. . Compared to the aortic valve, the pulmonary valve normally closes:
    -c: after
  62. Which one of the following organs has its primary function to provide for the mtabolic demands of the body?
    -a: heart
  63. All of the flollowing are componentt parts of the circulation except:
    -D: vasa vasorum
  64. The inner layer of a vessel wall is the tunica:
    -c: intima
  65. The middle,thickes layer of a vessel wall is the tunica:
    -b:media
  66. The other layer of a vessel wall is called the tunica:
    -a: adventitia
  67. Which of the following provides oxygenated blood and nutrients to blood vessel walls?
    -d: vasa vasorum
  68. which of the flollowing arteries conducts blood from the left ventricel to the peripheral arteries?
    -a: aorta
  69. Which of the following arteries conducts blood formthe aorta to the various organs of the body?
    -b: peripheral arteries
  70. Which of the following arteries act as control valves through which blood is metered into the capillaries?
    -c: arterioles
  71. . which of the folloing provide for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, carbon dioxide, and waste?
    -d: capillaries
  72. . Which of the following vessels collect deoxygenated blood forom the capillaries?
    -b: venules
  73. . Which of the following conducts dexogyentaed blood from the peripheral tissue to the hear?
    -a: veins
  74. All of the following may affect cardiac performance except:
    -d: blood velocity
  75. The amount of ventricular diastolic filling is called:
    -a: preload
  76. The amount of preload may be measured clnically by:
    -b: ventricular end-diastolic pressure
  77. According to the Frank-Starling law, an increase in preload may have which effect on cardiac performance?
    -a: increase
  78. The resistance a ventricle encounters during ventricular systole is called:
    -b: afterload
  79. What effect will an increase in afterload have on cardiac performance?
    -c: decrease
  80. All o the following will increase afterload except:
    -b: anemia
  81. The inherent property of the ventricle to contract is called:
    -c: cor triatriatum
  82. Which of the following will directly affect myocardial contractility?
    -b: myocardial infarction
  83. . According to the Frank-Starling law of the heart, a decrease in heart rate my have which effect on cardiac performance?
    -a: increase
  84. . which of the following will enhance cardiac cell excitability, pacemaker firing rate, conduction speed and contractility?
    -b: sympathetic nervous system
  85. . Which of the following will decrease cardiac cell excitability, pacemaker fring rate, conduction speed and contractility?
    -a: parasympathetic nervous system
  86. The term bathomotropic refers to:
    -a: excitability
  87. . The term chronotropic refers to:
    -b: pacemaker firing rate
  88. . The term dromotropic refers to:
    -c: rate of conduction
  89. . The term inotropic refers to:
    -d: contractility
  90. Coronary artery blood flow occurs predominatly during
    -b: ventricular diastole
  91. Significant cornoary artery disease is present when the percent decrease in cornoary artery diameter is at least:
    -c: 70%
  92. Which of the following pathologies would most liely affect coronary artery circulation:
    -c: aortic regurgitation
  93. An increase in left ventricular diastolic pressure may have which effect on cornoary circulation?
    -c: decrease
  94. An increase in heart rate will have which effect on cornoary circulation?
    -c: decrease
  95. The establishment of collateral circulationwill have which effect on cronary circulation?
    -a: increase
  96. The two distinct fraction s of blood are plasma and:
    -d: formed elements
  97. All of the following are a component of the formed elements of lbood excpet:
    -d: plasma
  98. Red blood cells are also referred to as
    -b: erythrocytes
  99. White blood cells are also referred to as:
    -c: leukocytes
  100. Platelets are also referred to as
    -d: thrombocytes
  101. The fluid that carries the formed elements of blood is called:
    -d: plasma
  102. The percentage of red blood cells present is called:
    -c:hematocrit
  103. The percentage of plasma present is:
    -c: plasmacrit
  104. An increase in the number of red blood cells is:
    -b: polycythemia
  105. A decrease in the number of red blood cells is:
    -a: anemia
  106. An increase in the number of white blood cells is:
    -d: leukocytosis
  107. A decrease in the number of white blood cells is:
    -c: leukopenia

Card Set Information

Author:
Nelikya
ID:
177217
Filename:
2313 Test 3
Updated:
2012-10-12 22:19:06
Tags:
Reynolds
Folders:

Description:
Bob's Test Sonography
Show Answers:

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview