CNA Chapter 13:Vital Signs Vocabulary

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CNA Chapter 13:Vital Signs Vocabulary
2012-10-13 08:54:31
CNA Nursing Assisting Hartman 3rd Edition

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  1. Apical Pulse
    the pulse of the left side of the chest, just below the nipple
  2. Apnea
    the absence of breathing
  3. BPM
    the medical abbreviation for "beaps per minute"
  4. Brachial Pulse
    the pulse inside the elbow, about 1 to 1 1/2 inches above the elbow
  5. Bradycardia
    a slow heart rate - under 60 beats per minute
  6. Celsius
    the centigrade temperature scale in which the boiling point of water is 100 degrees and the freezing point is 0 degrees
  7. Cheyne-Stokes Respiration
    type of respiration with the periods of apnea lasting at least 10 seconds, along with alternating periods of slow, irregular respirations and rapid shallow respirations
  8. Diastolic
    second measurement on blood pressure; phase when the heart relaxes
  9. Dilate
    to widen
  10. Dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  11. Eupnea
    normal respiration
  12. Expiration
    the process of exhaling air out of the lungs
  13. Fahrenheit
    a temperature scale in which the boiling point of water is 212 degrees and the freezing point is 32 degrees
  14. Hypertension
    high blood pressure, measuring 140/90 or higher
  15. Hypotension
    low blood pressure, measuring 100/60 or lower
  16. Hypothermia
    a condition in which body temperature drops below the level required for normal functioning; severe sub-normal body temperature
  17. Inspiration
    the process of inhaling air into the lungs
  18. Orthopnea
    shortness of breath when lying down that is relieved by sitting up
  19. Orthostatic Hypotension
    a sudden drop in blood pressure that occurs when a person stands or sits up; also called postural hypotension
  20. Prehypertension
    a condition in which a person has a systolic measurement of120-139mm HG and a diastolic measurement of 80-89mm HG;

    indicator that the person is likely to have high blood pressure in the future even thoughhe/she doesn't have it now
  21. Radial Pulse
    the pulse on the inside of the wrist, where the radial artery runs just beneath the skin
  22. Respiration
    the process of inhaling air into the lungs (inspiration) and exhaling air out of the lungs (expiration)
  23. Sphygmomanometer
    a device that measures blood pressure
  24. Stethoscope
    an instrument used to hear sounds in the human body, such as the heartbeat or pulse, breathing sounds, or bowel sounds
  25. Systolic
    first measurement of blood pressure; phase when the heart is at work, contracting and pushing blood out of the left ventricle
  26. Tachycardia
    a fast heartbeat - over 100 beats per minute
  27. Tachypnea
    rapid respirations - over 20 breaths per minute
  28. Thermometer
    a device used for measuring the degree of heat or cold
  29. Vital Signs
    measurements (body temperature, pulse, respirations, blood pressure, and pain level) that monitor the function of the vital organs of the body