Ch 22- Brunner

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Ch 22- Brunner
2012-10-13 10:13:45
22 Brunner

Ch 22 Key Terms- Management of Patients with Upper Respiratory Tract Disorders
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  1. alaryngeal communication
    alternative modes of speaking that do not involve the normal larynx; used by patients whose larynx has been surgically removed
  2. aphonia
    impaired ability to use one's voice due to diseaseor injury to the larynx
  3. apnea
    cessation of breathing
  4. carcinogen
    agent that can cause cancer; carnogens can be chemicals, viruses, hormones, ionizing radiation, or solid materials
  5. dysphagia
    difficulties in swallowing
  6. epistaxis
    hemorrhage from the nose due to rupture of tiny, distended vessels in the mucous membrane of area of the nose
  7. herpes simplex
    cold sore (cutaneous viral infection with painful vesicles and erosions on the tongue, palate, gingiva, buccal membranes, or lips)
  8. laryngectomy: 
    surgical removal of all or part of the larynx and surrounding structures
  9. laryngitis
    inflammation of the larynx; may be caused by voice abuse, exposure to irritants, or infectious organisms
  10. medicamentosa
    rebound nasal congestion commonly associated with overuse of over-the-counter nasal decongestants
  11. nuchal regidity 
    stiffness of the neck or inability to bend the neck
  12. pharyngitis
    inflammation of the throat; usually viral or bacterial in origin
  13. rhinitis
    inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose; may be infectious, allergic, or inflammatory in origin
  14. rhinorrhea
    drainage of a large amount of fluid from the nose
  15. rhinosinusitis
    inflammation of the nares and paranasal sinuses, including frontal, ehtnoid, maxillary, and sphenoid sinuses; replaces the term "sinusitis"
  16. tonsillitis
    inflammation of the tonsils, usually due to an acute infection
  17. xerostomia
    dryness of the mouth from a variety of causes