Orgo functional groups/ chair substitution

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Author:
XQWCat
ID:
177321
Filename:
Orgo functional groups/ chair substitution
Updated:
2012-10-19 10:04:41
Tags:
Organic chemistry
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Description:
Organic chem 1 functional groups
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  1. Alcohol
    • ROH
    • -ol
  2. Alkyl halide
    • RX, RCl
    • butyl chloride
  3. ROH
    • alcohol
    • -ol
  4. RCl
    • Alkyl halide
    • RX, RBr, etc
    • butyl chloride
  5. Amine
    • RNH2
    • -amine (ethanamine)
  6. RNH2
    • amine
    • -amine (ethanamine)
  7. RC---CR'
    ......./
    ....O
    • Epoxide.  Very unstable
    • oxir- (oxirane)
  8. Epoxide
    • propane but with one O instead of a C. Very unstable
    • RC---CR'
    • ......./
    • ....O
  9. Ether
    • ROR'
    • toxic
    • diethyl ether
  10. ROR'
    • Ether.  Toxic
    • Diethyl ether
  11. Nitrile
    • RC=N:
    • ionized cyanide
    • -nitrile
    • propanenitrile
  12. RC=N:
    • Nitrile.  Ionized cyanide. 
    • -nitrile
    • propanenitrile
  13. RSR'
    • Sulfide
    • dimethyl sulfide
  14. Sulfide
    • RSR'
    • dimethyl sulfide
  15. Thiol
    • RSH
    • -thiol
    • ethanethiol
  16. RSH
    • thiol
    • -thiol (ethanethiol)
  17. ..O...
    ..||...
    RCH
    • aldehyde
    • -al
    • ethanal
  18. Aldehyde
    • ..O...
    • ..||...
    • RCH
    • -al
    • (ethanal)
  19. Ketone
    • ..O...
    • ..||...
    • RCR'
    • -one
    • 2-butanone
  20. ..O...
    ..||...
    RCR'
    • ketone
    • -one
    • butan-2-one
  21. Carboxylic acid
    • ...O...
    • ..||...
    • RCOH
    • -oic acid
    • ethanoic acid
  22. ...O...
    ..||...
    RCOH
    • Carboxilic acid
    • -oic acid
    • ethanoic acid
  23. Ester
    • ...O...
    • ..||...
    • RCOR'
    • -oate
    • ethyl ethanoate
  24. ...O...
    ..||...
    RCOR'
    • ester
    • -oate
    • ethyl ethanoate
  25. amide
    • ...O...
    • ..||...
    • RCNR2
    • -amide
    • ethanamide
  26. ...O...
    ..||...
    RCNR2
    • amide
    • -amide
    • ethanamide
  27. ...O..O
    ...||....||
    RCOCR'
    Acid Anhydride
  28. Acid Anhydride
    • ...O..O
    • ...||....||
    • RCOCR'
  29. Acyl halide
    • ..O
    • ..||
    • RCX
  30. ..O
    ..||
    RCX
    Acyl halide
  31. Most stable for 1,2 disubstitution
    trans (1e, 2e)
  32. Most stable for 1.3 disubstitution
    cis (1e, 3e)
  33. Most stable for 1,4 disubstitution
    trans (1e, 4e)

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