A&P Chapter 5

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Author:
scb0568
ID:
177402
Filename:
A&P Chapter 5
Updated:
2012-10-13 17:10:35
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Anatomy
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Skin
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  1. Waterproofing protien of the skin
    Keratin
  2. Hair is keratin that has weathered & long blown
    Fibros Form
  3. Nails
    Solid Form
  4. -Top most laer of Epidermis.
    -All cells are dead bags full of the protein in keratin
    Stratum Corneum
  5. -Only found on the palm/sole
    -Where there is loose skin
    Stratum Lucidum
  6. -Where the cells begin to deposit craniuls of keratin in cytoplasm.
    -Called "Karatinasation"
    Stratum Granilosum
  7. -Cells are beginning to eject the water inside as well as the organelles are leaving.
    -Cell becoming "spiny like"
    Stratum Spinosum
  8. Highly Mitotic, never stop dividing, always in mitosis, have cubed shape.
    -Malanocytes live in this layer
    Stratum Germinativum/Bosalo
  9. All accessory organs of the skin is in the _______?
    Dermis
  10. Hair Follicle, Arrector Pili Muscle, Hair shaft, Sudoriferous Glands, Blood vessel, Sebaceous Glands, Hair root, Free Nerve endings, Hair papillae. <-- These are found in ______?
    Dermis
  11. "covering"
    Cutane
  12. "Skin"
    Derm
  13. "Oil"
    Seb
  14. "sweat"
    Sudur
  15. "earwax"
    Ceru
  16. "Hard" 
    Corn
  17. "All around"
    Mero
  18. -Cerumin earwax
    -Traps anything that gets in the ears
    Ceruminous Glands
  19. Fingerprints
    Dermal Papillae
  20. 5 Cutaneous Senses
    • Hot,
    • Cold,
    • Touch,
    • Pain,
    • Pressure
  21. Pigment produced by melocytes
    Melanin
  22. 2 types of melanin
    • 1. EuMelanin
    • 2. PheMelanin
  23. -Black/Brown Pigment
    -Abundant on AfricanAm Pop & Southeast Asians
    EuMelanin
  24. -Red/Yellow Pigment
    -Abundant in Caucasian/ White/ Europe
    PheMelanin
  25. 3 Factors that controls skin tones
    • 1. Melanins
    • 2. Carotene
    • 3. Hemaglotin
  26. Orange/ Yellow Pigments in Asian Population
    Carotene
  27. -Protein that can subtly change the skin tone to a reddish/Flushed apperance
    Hemaglotin
  28. -Due to abnormal bone matrix formation
    -Bone softening
    "Richets" (Osteomalacia)
  29. 2 Causes of richets?
    • 1. ^ use of sunscreen in children < 1yrs
    • 2. ^ use of breast feeding, however breast milk has "0" vitamin D
  30. Indicator of skin cancer
    • A.semetry
    • B.orders
    • C.olor
  31. Muscle attaced to the hair follicle is known as the ____ ____  muscle
    Arrector Dili
  32. Body's first line of defense is formed by the _______ ?
    Stratum Corneum
  33. Name given to glands found in the ear canal
    Ceruminous
  34. EpiDermis
    Epidelial
  35. Dermis
    CT

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