Inheritance Genetic Disorders

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Author:
TGoodman
ID:
177404
Filename:
Inheritance Genetic Disorders
Updated:
2012-10-13 17:12:05
Tags:
pvms 7th grade science inheritance genetic disorders Virginia Mrs Colyer
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Description:
Study guide for Inheritance, Genetic Disorders, and Advances
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  1. Some traits of genes may have multiple alleles.

    TRUE
    FALSE
    True
  2. Even if a particular gene may have multiple alleles for a trait, a person can only carry ______ of those alles.

    A. one
    B. three
    C. four
    D. two
    D. two
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The human trait for blood type has _______ alleles.

    A. singular
    B. multiple
    C. bipolar
    D. no
    B. multiple
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is NOT a main blood type:

    A. AB
    B. O
    C. A
    D. AO
    E. B
    D. AO
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which type(s) of blood is recessive.

    A. O
    B. A
    C. B
    D. AB
    A. O
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Some human traits show a large number of __________ because theyse traits are controlled by many genes.

    A. nuclei
    B. ribosomes
    C. genotypes
    D. phenotypes
    D. phenotypes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Genes act together as a group to produce a single __________.

    A. trait
    B. characteristic
    C. recessive gene
    D. genome
    A. trait
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Out of the 23 pairs of human chromosomes in our body cells, how many pairs determine whether a person in male or female.

    A. two
    B. four
    C. three
    D. one
    D. one
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The single pair of chromosomes which determine whether a person is male or female are called ________.

    A. sex chromosomes
    B. male chromosomes
    C. boy/girl chromosomes
    D. female chromosomes
    A. sex chromosomes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. If someone has two matching sex chromosomes then they are are a _________.

    a. girl
    b. boy
    a. girl

    A girl will have XX chromosomes.
  11. Persons with an X and a Y chromosome are______.

    a. male
    b. females
    a. male

    In males, one chromosome is X and the other chromosome is Y.
  12. All female eggs carry ____ chromosome.

    A. a Y
    B. an X
    C. an XY
    B. an X
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The female sex cell is called ________.

    A. the sperm
    B. the ovary
    C. the uterus
    D. an egg
    E. the testes
    D. an egg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The male sex cell is called _________.

    A. the uterus
    B. an egg
    C. the sperm
    D. the ovary
    E. the testes
    C. the sperm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The male sex cell, the sperm, carry ______ chromosome.

    A. an X or a Y
    B. an XY
    C. a Y
    D. an X
    A. an X or a Y 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Who determines the gender of the offspring.

    a. the male
    b. the female
    a. the male
  17.  A _________ is a chart or family tree geneticists use to trace the inheritance of traits passsed down by family members.

    A. filigree
    B. apogee
    C. perigee
    D. pedigree
    D. pedigree
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. A ________ is an abnormal condition that a person inherits through the genes or chromosomes.

    A. genetic disorder
    B. recessive disease
    C. genetic marker
    D. codominant trait
    A. genetic disorder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. A mutation is a ____________.

    A. once in a lifetime event.
    B. change
    C. reordering
    D. good thing, most of the time
    B. change
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Genetic disorders are caused by ____________ in a person's DNA.

    A. mutilations
    B. mutations
    C. multi-nations
    D. munitions
    B. mutations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following IS NOT a method that people have used to develop organisms with desirable traits.

    A. selective breeding
    B. genetic engineering
    C. cloning
    D. evolution
    D. evolution

    People do not have control over evolution.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. ______________ is the process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits to serve as parents of the next generation.

    A. selective breeding
    B. cloning
    C. genetic engineering
    A. selective breeding
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The selective breeding process that involves crossing two individuals that have identical or similar sets of alleles is called _________.

    A. cloning
    B. evolution
    C. inbreeding
    D. genetic engineering
    C. inbreeding
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Inbreeding always produces desirable traits.

    TRUE
    FALSE
    FALSE

    Although inbreeding may produce desiralbe traits, there is a risk that an organism may also inherit alleles that lead to genetic disorders.
  25. Hybridization is a cloning technique.

    TRUE
    FALSE
    FALSE

    Hybridization is a SELECTIVE BREEDING technique.
  26. The process by which breeders cross two genetically different organisms to produce an offspring that possesses the best traits of both parents.

    A. hybridization
    B. inbreeding
    C. genetic engineering
    D. cloning
    A. hybridization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The technique in which an organism is created that is genetically identical to the organism from which it was produced.

    A. hybridization
    B. genetic engineering
    C. cloning
    D. inbreeding
    C. cloning
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. This technique is also called genetic splicing.

    A. genetic engineering
    B. hybridization
    C. inbreeding
    D. cloning
    A. genetic engineering
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The process by which a DNA molecule is cut open and a gene from another organism is spliced into it to produce an organisim with desired traits.

    A. inbreeding
    B. genetic engineering
    C. cloning
    D. hybridization
    B. genetic engineering
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The first successful genetic engineering, was used to treat 

    A. kidney disease
    B. lung cancer
    C. heart disease
    D. diabetes
    D. diabetes

    A human gene was spliced with a bacterium to quickly produce insulin.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Identical twins have the same DNA.

    TRUE
    FALSE
    TRUE
  32. Since no two people, except identical twins, have the same DNA, it is possible to use DNA fingerprinting to _____________.

    A. help solve crimes.
    B. make new medicines.
    C. cure diseases.
    D. predict future illnesses.
    A. help solve crimes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. A ___________ is the entire DNA in one cell of an organism.

    A. nucleus
    B. phenotype
    C. genome
    D. trait
    E. ribosome
    C. genome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The main goal of the Human Genome Project is to identify the DNA sequence of ________ gene(s) in the human genome.

    A. male
    B. female 
    C. half
    D. some
    E. every
    E. every
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. What organism did Gregor Mendel study?

    A. green beans
    B. pea plants
    C. cats
    D. roses
    E. dogs
    B. pea plants
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Who is considered the Father of Genetics?

    A. Gregor Mendel
    B. George Freidrich Handel
    C. Albert Einstein
    D. George Washington Carver
    E. Isaac Newton
    A. Gregor Mendel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Who was the first scientist to discover the double helix structure of DNA?

    A. George Washington Carver
    B. Anton von Leuvenhook
    C. Gregor Mendel
    D. Madamme Curie
    E. Rosalind Franklin
    E. Rosalind Franklin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which of the following individuals won the Nobel Prize for their study of the structure of DNA?

    A. Gergor Mendel and Francis Crick
    B. Rosalind Franklin and Gregor Mendel
    C. James Watson and Rosalind Franklin
    D. Francis Crick and Rosalind Franklin
    E. James Watson and Francis Crick
    E. James Watson and Francis Crick
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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