describes the process through which we detect physical energy from the enviroment and code that energyas neural signals.activity at the level of senses. (aka raw/sensory and evidence/data)raw sensory data with no perception
describes the way a person selects, organizes, and interprets sensory information.
mental interpretation of sensory data selection/attention, organization and interpretation of sensory data
when you interput the data of the senses or sensations then that's perception.
gets your attention/ what you select to pay attention to and then organize/ look for patterns and correctly perceive (interpt)
is a multilayered tissue at the back of the eye that is responsible for visual transduction.
is a photoreceptor cell in the retina that responds to varifying degrees of light and dark.
are photorecpectors cells in the retina that enables a person to see color.
is a condition in which a person is not consciously aware of what he or she sees, but can still partically respond to visual information.
is a structure on the tongue that contains the receptor cells for taste.
is a tiny hair at the tip of a taste receptor cell.
is a negative feeling caused by a malfunction in the central nervous system.
is a negative feeling that occurs when sensory information from internal and external areasconverges on the same nerve cells in the spinal cord.
How many senses are there? What did the teacher say they were also known as?
5 senses, plus an extra 2
windows to the soul
light waves to receptor cells in the eye's retinas, where cones (color) and rods (night vision) are located.
sound waves to receptor cells inside cochlea
basilar membrane (inner ear)
If a tree falls on an island, does it make a sound?
it makes sound waves. It's only when a person is there to hear it or a recording is made that it makes a sound.
it's how it is preceived
Touch (somesthetic (body) and cutaneous (skin))
pressure to receptor cells on skinpain, touch, could, hot
molecules in air to receptor cells in nose, olfactory epithelium
molecules in food to receptor cells in taste buds in mouth
triggers the sensation for the 4 distinct taste buds:
sweet, sour, salty, and bitter
Are there more then 5 senses??
body sensation (aka kinesthetic sense)
your mind swiches back and forth between images, never allowing you to see both interpretations at the same time
we are only able to focus on one perception at any given time, even though we know that alternative interpretations are possible
Perception is subjective!
based on experiences, exceptions, suggestions, our values, and background data is influenced by our mind
we are not just passive recipents of the outside world
is a person's awareness of himself or herself and his or her enviroment
is a natural loss of consciousness
REM Rapid Eye Movement
is a recurring stage of sleep during which vivid dreams usually occur
is a type of brain wave that characterizes active wakefulness
is a type of brain wave that characterizes a relaxed state of wakefulness
is a type of brain wave that chariterizes the first stages of sleep
is a type of wave with a high amplitude that characterizes satge 3
are features of a relatively bengin, albeit disturbing, sleep disorder most common in young children and charterised by epsiodes of high arousal and terrified appearance
is a sequence of images, feelings, ideas, and impressions that pass through people's minds as they sleep
is what a person expilicitly remembers about a dream- it's storyline, characters, and details
describes the unconscious meaning of a dream
consists of pain releif through hypnosis
is a method of studying larning in which the researcher focouses solely on directly observable responses and discards any refrences to inner thoughts, feelings, motives
is learning characterized by linking two events that occur together
is a process of learning associations in which an implicit memory forms because of repeated exposure to a certain stimulus
is a process in which a learner reacts to a particular object or situations in the same way that he or she reacts to one that resembles that object or situation
is a process in which a learner is trained to distinguish similar but distinct stimuli
is a cue signaling that a particular response will be reinforced or punished
means 'characterized by the desire to do things because they are interesting, challenging, satisfying, or enjoyable'
is the desire to complete a behavior because it will lead to a reward or avoid punishment
is the tendency for an organism to revert to instinctive behaviors after being trained to have new behaviors
is a phenomenon in which two stimuli are associated, thus creating a reflex response
unconditioned stimulus (US)
is an orginal unlearned stimulus that elcits a certain reflex action
is a relex action elcited by an unconditioned stimulus
is an event that is repeatedly paired with a particular unconditioned stimulus
is a learned reaction triggered by a cinditioned stimulus, even in the absence of an associated unconditioned stimulus
is a type of learning in which organisms associate their actions with consequences
operant behavior (response)
consists of responses that an organism makes to produce an effect on the enviroment
operant response (action)
is an act that causes a particular effect on the enviroment
is a positive or negative consequence caused by an operant response
is a reward that does not immediately follow an action (only humans)
is a process in which reinforcers are used o guide an organism's actions toward a desired behavior
is a process in which the final step in a sequence is reinforced first, becoming conditioned reinforcer for the preceding response
memory lasting a few seconds
memory of short term use is stored
information that can last a lifetime is stored
sensory information is converted into a form that can be stored
process in which encoded info is placed into momory
previously stored info is moved from long term memory to working memory
inability to retrieve information that has been previously stored
sensory memory involving visual stimuli
organizing large pieces of information into smaller pieces
groupings, area codes, etc
process of repeating info either out loud or silently with the intent of learning that info
memories in which the person is consiously aware
memories in which the person is NOT consiously aware
remembers a sequence of eventsrecalling weekend
memory aids that give rhyme and reason to lists or other pieces of info
words meaning is encodeding a words meaning
one part of the brain that forms stores long term memories
conditonal and forming procedual memories and habits related to movement
linked to different types of motor skills then the basal ganglia