Science Section 1

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ReXx24
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177478
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Science Section 1
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2012-10-13 22:42:36
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Science Section 1 pages 3-10
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  1. What join U.S.-U.S.S.R mission proved space exploration was best done together?
    Apollo-Soyuz mission
  2. Why is space exploration generally done by only government? What is the exception?
    Because exploration is too expensive, but telacommunication satalites have flourished
  3. For what two reasons did governments gain interest in space exploration after WWII
    • 1. Getting to space was only affordable by governing bodies.
    • 2. They were willing to spend the money because they believed it would improve health, security, and quality of life
  4. For what reason does Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev claim dominance over U.S.? For what reason does he reiterated this caim
    Soviet satalites entered space first. He says it again with the flight of Yuri Gagarin into space
  5. What U.S. president kept out of the space race? Which president brought the U.S. into the space race?
    Dwight Eisenhower kept the U.S. out, and John F. Kennedy brought U.S. in
  6. For what reasons did U.S. leaders push for more complex observering satalites?
    They realized military activity on earth could be observed by satalites (Soviet Union was quick to follow)
  7. In addition to military purposes, satalites proved to be usefull in which other 4 catagories?
    Communications, weather observation, navigation, and gps
  8. The relay of voice, video, and data streaming was originally a ________ program, but is now controlled by the _________ _________
    • Govt. program.¬†
    • private sector
  9. What year was the first sub-orbital flight privately financed 
    2004
  10. What was the first satalite?. Date?
    Soviet Sputnik I, Oct. 4th 1957
  11. Whon was the first human to enter space? Date?
    Yuri Gagarin, April 12th, 1961
  12. Who were the members of the Apollo 11 crew? What date did they land on the moon?
    Neil Armstrong and Edwin 'Buzz" Aldridge. June 20th, 1969
  13. A total of how many Americans, on a total of how many Apollo missions landed on the moon between which years?
    A total of 12 Americans, on 6 Apollo mission between the years 1969-1972
  14. When was and were was the first long term stationing in space?
    The International Space Station (ISS) on Nov 2nd, 2000
  15. After 1975, which 6 space agencies(countries for 5 of them) were added to U.S. and U.S.S.R?
    European Space Agency, China, Japan, Brazil, India, and Canada
  16. By the 21st century, how many countries had space programs
    30
  17. What are the 5 areas of science in space
    • 1. Solar and Space physics. (Solarwinds to magnetic fields)
    • 2. Exploration of planets, moons, comets and asteroids
    • 3. Origin, evolution, and state of objects in the solar system
    • 4. Non-living and living material in low gravity
    • 5. Study of Earth from space
  18. What was the first scientific discovery in space? By which probe? When
    The discovery of the Van Allen radation belt by Explorer I in 1958
  19. What is the interest in solar physics centered around?
    Solar winds, their reaction with magnetic fields and geomagnetic storms
  20. How did the U.S. carry out early solar experiments?
    The Orbiting Solar Observatory
  21. Which agency, and mission explored the Sun's polar caps
    The European Space Agency in the Uylsses Mission
  22. In 1980, the U.S., European Space Agency (ESA), and Japan's Institute of Space and Astronautical Science launched what mission? IT-PP
    International Terrestrial Physics Program to study the Earth-Sun connection
  23. What results came from the International Terrestrial Phsics Program?
    U.S. Wind (1994) and Polar (1996) space crafts, European Solar and Heliosphere Observatory (SOHO; 1995) and Japan's Geotail Satalite
  24. Which was the first U.S. spacecraft to leave Earths atmoshpere? When?
    After failure of U.S. Pioneer 1-4, Pioneer 5 leave atmosphere in 1959
  25. What was the Pioneer 5 the first spacecraft to do?
    Fly by the moon, and return to Earth with data
  26. In a series of 3 missions, the Soviet _________ mission proved the moon has no magnetic field. 
    Luna
  27. What were the Soviet Luna missions 1st to do?
    First to send back images of the moons darkside. Luna I is the first spacecraft to fly past the moon
  28. In the 1960s, the U.S. is the first to fly past which two celestial bodies with which two probes
    Mariner 2 flies past Venus and Mariner 4 flies past Mars
  29. Which U.S. probe was the first to land on Mars. When
    U.S. Viking in 1976
  30. What was teh Soviet Venera? What did it do? When
    A probe whih explored Venus's atmospher in 1960s-80s
  31. What were the 3 stage of early space exploration?
    • 1. Reconnaissance
    • 2. Detailed Surveillance
    • 3. Landing to collect samples and data
  32. Which U.S. probe was the first to orbit Jupiter? When
    U.S. Galileo in 1995
  33. Which U.S. probe lands on an astroid in 2001? Which Asteroid
    NEAR. Near Earth Astroid Rendezvous. Eros
  34. Which probe reaches Mercury in 2008? By when does it establish orbit
    Mariner 10, establishing orbit in 2011
  35. Which U.S. probe is in charge of long term surveillance of Saturn
    U.S. Cassini
  36. In 2004, Which pobe lands on one of Saturns moons. Which Moon? Which country owned the probe?
    European built Huygen lands on Titan
  37. Which U.S. Probe built in 2006 will arrive at Pluto, in which year will it arrive?
    New Horizon will arrive in 2015
  38. Which three planets/moons have been looked at for signs of water
    Mars, Titan (Saturn Moon) and Europa (Jupiter Moon)

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