Post Civil War. Men work, woman stay at home. Changes in family not economic unit. Privacy. Home isolated from community. Value of love, honor, loyalty, and faithfulness were foremost. Women were weaker, corset, 15” waist, smelling salt, smaller brain, menstruation a periodic illness, more irritable nervous system, disease headache caused by imbalance of reproductive system, Phrenology, bumps on skill to determine women more inclined to child behaviors. Limited amount of energy due to learning and sex, lose life force due to semen.Idealogy: Defined female and male roles. Men breadwinner, woman keep home as a separate sphere (weaker). Piety, purity, domesticity, submissiveness.