HIS101 CH7-8 sup.

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HIS101 CH7-8 sup.
2012-10-14 20:50:45

HIS101 CH8 supplement- China
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  1. Sui Dynasty(수): Sui Wendi(문제)
    The founder of Sui Dynasty; began to construct the Grand Canal and rebuilt the Great Wall.
  2. Tang
    Dynasty after Sui; Chang'an is the capital; political authority: Military affairs, Council of State, and Censorate
  3. Censorate
    The branch of the imperial Chinese government that acted as a watchdog, reporting instances of misgovernment directly to emperor. 
  4. Wu Zhao
    Only female Emperor of China; 
  5. Buddist sects: Maitreya
    • believes in a future of Buddha and a cosmic messiah.
    • this sect teaching often furnished the ideology
    • for popular uprising and rebellions
  6. Buddhist sects: Amitabha Buddha
    obtain salvation by Amitabha 
  7. Buddhist sects: Zen
    During the Chinese Elite, it was popular; taught that Buddha was only a man and exhorted each person to attain enlightenment by his or her own efforts. Enlightenment was to be obtained by a regiment of physical labor and meditation
  8. Scholarly bureaucracy
    Scholars compiled dictionaries and gave some commentaries on the Confucian classic. Most men of letters were officials. Secularstream of Tang culture
  9. Li Bo
    a poet, Daiost; he sat for civil service examinations (무과 시험 합격); his poetry is clear, powerful, passionate, and always sensitive to beauty.
  10. Du Fu
    a poet from a literary family; his poetry is less lyrical and more allusive than Li bo's; refelcts more compassion for human suffering; felt the life is short to endure.
  11. Song Dynasty
    • Dynasty after Tang from a revolution;
    • agricultural(increase of free farmers, decline of aristocracy),
    • commercial(copper cashes were coined),
    • and technological(beginning of printing, the use of gunpowder).
  12. Examination system
    10% of contestants made it; Regional-> National capital-> Palace
  13. Sima Guang
    a historian who wrote "A Comprehensive Mirror for Aid in Government."; treated all Chinese history.
  14. Zhu Xi
    a philosopher; a towering figure; new pholosophy from a combination of Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism.
  15. Su Dungpo
    a poet, painter, and calligrapher; practiced Zen and wrote commentaries on the Confusion classics.
  16. Yuan
    Mongol Empire in China
  17. Mongols
    nomadic people, Altaic; family->clan->tribes-> Genghis Khan united
  18. Genghis Khan
    Temujin, united Mongol and founded Mogol Empire
  19. Kublai Khan
    Grandson of Genghis Khan, founded Yuan Dynasty; invaded Southern Song in 1279
  20. Marco Polo
    Venetian trader; visited Yuan during Kublai Khan; the author of "A Description of the World"