The founder of Sui Dynasty; began to construct the Grand Canal and rebuilt the Great Wall.
Dynasty after Sui; Chang'an is the capital; political authority: Military affairs, Council of State, and Censorate
The branch of the imperial Chinese government that acted as a watchdog, reporting instances of misgovernment directly to emperor.
Only female Emperor of China;
Buddist sects: Maitreya
believes in a future of Buddha and a cosmic messiah.
this sect teaching often furnished the ideology
for popular uprising and rebellions
Buddhist sects: Amitabha Buddha
obtain salvation by Amitabha
Buddhist sects: Zen
During the Chinese Elite, it was popular; taught that Buddha was only a man and exhorted each person to attain enlightenment by his or her own efforts. Enlightenment was to be obtained by a regiment of physical labor and meditation
Scholars compiled dictionaries and gave some commentaries on the Confucian classic. Most men of letters were officials. Secularstream of Tang culture
a poet, Daiost; he sat for civil service examinations (무과 시험 합격); his poetry is clear, powerful, passionate, and always sensitive to beauty.
a poet from a literary family; his poetry is less lyrical and more allusive than Li bo's; refelcts more compassion for human suffering; felt the life is short to endure.
Dynasty after Tang from a revolution;
agricultural(increase of free farmers, decline of aristocracy),
commercial(copper cashes were coined),
and technological(beginning of printing, the use of gunpowder).
10% of contestants made it; Regional-> National capital-> Palace
a historian who wrote "A Comprehensive Mirror for Aid in Government."; treated all Chinese history.
a philosopher; a towering figure; new pholosophy from a combination of Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism.
a poet, painter, and calligrapher; practiced Zen and wrote commentaries on the Confusion classics.
Mongol Empire in China
nomadic people, Altaic; family->clan->tribes-> Genghis Khan united
Temujin, united Mongol and founded Mogol Empire
Grandson of Genghis Khan, founded Yuan Dynasty; invaded Southern Song in 1279
Venetian trader; visited Yuan during Kublai Khan; the author of "A Description of the World"