Radiology/CPR

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Author:
mklynn4269
ID:
177712
Filename:
Radiology/CPR
Updated:
2012-10-26 17:23:02
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Dental
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Description:
Mock State Certification
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  1. A person in the state of shock will show the following signs?
    Cool,paleskin; dilated pupils and shallow breathing
  2. The following condition frequently accompanies an epileptic seizure?
    clenching of teeth
  3. When taking the blood pressure on the adult male, the normal range of the systolic will fall between?
    120-140 mm
  4. Treatment recommended at the onset of respiratory arrest is?
    mouth to mouth resuscitation
  5. A presentive measure which the assistant can do for the patient who is in an epileptic seizure is?
    protect the patient from self injury
  6. Prescription writing requires the use of various abbreviations.  The abbreviation q.i.d. means?
    four times each day
  7. When a patient has an acrylic or gold crown lodged in his or her throat, the first thing you should do is?
    use abdominal thrusts
  8. For post operative dental pain, the most commonly dispensed drug is?
    aspirin
  9. A bleeding victim will show no harmful effect with the loss of ____ of blood?
    one pint
  10. The condition which refers to the depressed state of the various body functions is called?
    shock
  11. In most dental offices, a patient's pulse is obtained from the pressure point at which artery?
    radial
  12. Syncope refers to?
    a lack of blood to the brain
  13. If a patient faints, the correct procedure for the assistant to do is?
    place the head lower than the rest of the body
  14. The normal respiration range for an adult is?
    12-20 per minutes
  15. When taking an oral temperature using a glass thermometer, the thermometer is left in the patient's mouth for?
    5 minutes
  16. The first step in a primary survey of an unconscious patient is?
    check for open airways
  17. Anaphylactic shock is?
    a sudden violent allergic reaction
  18. An antidote is a?
    drug used to counteract the effects of a poison
  19. The first aid treatment in an emergency is?
    restore breathing, control bleeding, treat for shock
  20. In one rescuer CPR, the rate of compressions to breaths are?
    15 to 2
  21. The average adult will have a normal body temperature reading of  ____ when using a glass thermometer?
    98.6 degrees
  22. With abdominal thrusts, what part of the fist is placed against the patient?
    thumb side
  23. When checking respiration rate, breathing will appear?
    deep and regular
  24. A patient walking to the treatment room suddenly collapses, there is no pulse or breathing, you should;
    call for help and start CPR
  25. The medication being taken by the patient that could create the most serious issues during oral surgery is?
    anticoagulant
  26. Insulin shock is due to?
    decrease in blood sugar
  27. An indication that a patient requires CPR is?
    lack of pulse
  28. A drug that is given to alleviate angina pectoris pain is called?
    nitroglycerin
  29. Angina pectoris is?
    a painful condition in the cardiac region
  30. First aid treatment for insulin shock is?
    give the patient candy or a fruity beverage like orange juice
  31. The abbreviation "q" on a prescription means?
    every
  32. When giving CPR, the victims head should be?
    level with the chest
  33. In case of an emergency, the patient should be kept?
    normal temperature
  34. The most common medical emergency in the dental office is?
    syncope
  35. A normal diastolic pressure for an adult is ____ millimeters of mercury?
    80 mm
  36. In the case of an emergency, the patient should be kept lying down until?
    determination of seriousness is made
  37. To record blood pressure, the reading recorded first is the ___ number?
    systolic
  38. Another name for a bite-wing x-ray is?
    interproximal
  39. Lead diaphragms must be small in the x-ray units because? 
    radiation is decreased
  40. The radiograph is underexposed when?
    it is light and faint
  41. Holding the x-ray tube when exposing film is not safe because?
    the tube does not confine radiation
  42. A maxillary arch periapical film can be identified by the?
    sinus pockets
  43. A film is elongated by?
    insufficient vertical angulation
  44. Milliamperage controls which of the following?
    only heating of the cathode
  45. A covering of the x-ray film is?
    silver bromide salts
  46. The occlusal plane of teeth should be placed in what relation to the floor?
    parallel
  47. To influence the exposure time of a dental x-ray the operator must?
    measure the distance of the cone from the target
  48. To accurately determine the temperature of the processing solutions the thermometer should be located in the?
    wash water
  49. If the sinus area is showing on the radiograph, it indicate the film is of the?
    maxillary molars
  50. The most penetrating x-rays have?
    short wave lengths
  51. The use of fast speed film?
    helps prevent blurring images
  52. If a film is not fixed long enough, it will be?
    brownish
  53. When operating the control switch, how far from the patient must an operator stand to escape the most harmful rays?
    6 feet
  54. Protection for the patient is provided by?
    use lead apron, lead thyrocervical collar and close their eyelids
  55. A panoramic radiograph should not be used to?
    chart caries
  56. A raised button on a film helps to?
    mount the film
  57. A radiograph with a thin image is difficult to interpret and may be caused by?
    too short developing time
  58. Results of careless angulation of the tube include?
    cone cutting
  59. Poor rinsing of x-ray film causes?
    spots form on film
  60. Radiographs can be safely exposed to light during processing after?
    fixing
  61. OSHA requires that each office must post?
    MSDS sheets
  62. An early warning of x-ray dermatitis is?
    redness of skin
  63. The ideal temperature of solutions used for processing is?
    68-72 degrees F
  64. The most dangerous radiaton to an operator is?
    scattered
  65. Exhausted developer will produce a ____ image?
    faded and thin
  66. Underdeveloping can cause?
    light film
  67. Operator protection regulations require the operator?
    never hold film of patient; avoid primary, secondary, and scattered; must stand 6 feet from x-ray head
  68. What mark on the face is used for a maxillary anterior occlusal film?
    bridge of nose
  69. The organs/tissues most sensitive to ionizing radiation?
    reproductive organs
  70. To protect film store in container lined with?
    lead
  71. Radiation flashback on the film is caused by?
    necklaces or jewelry
  72. Excessively dark films may be caused by?
    excessive kVp power
  73. If the mA is increased while the kVp and exposure time is kept constant the film will be?
    darker
  74. The purpose of fixing film is to?
    remove uneffective silver salts
  75. Air bubbles on the surface of film in developer?
    shows as white blotch
  76. What metal is used in the construction of the anode target?
    tungsten
  77. The dental x-rays are the property of?
    dentist exposing them
  78. What factor determines the penetrating quality of the x-ray beam?
    kVp
  79. When mounting x-rays with the dot towards you are mounting as if you are?
    facing the patient
  80. If the mA is increased while the kVp and exposure time are kept constant the film will appear?
    darker
  81. For those who work with radiaiton, the maximum whole body dose considered permissible is?
    0.1 rem/wk
  82. The first clinical sign of excessive exposure to radiation is?
    erythema
  83. X-ray exposure to patients is best reduced by using __ film?
    fast
  84. An x-ray badge monitors?
    radiation exposure
  85. The bite wing is designed to show the ____ areas?
    interproximal
  86. Improper angulation when taking x-rays may result in?
    elongation of image
  87. The ______ radiograph pictures the entire tooth and surrounding area?
    periapical
  88. Which processing solution chemically reduces the exposed area of the emulsion, making it visible to the naked eye?
    Developer
  89. Which processing solution removes the unexposed and undeveloped crystals from the film emulsion?
    Fixer
  90. In an endodontic procedure, the ___ technique is preferred to reduce distortion?
    paralleling
  91. Maxillary +45, Mandibular -20
    cuspids
  92. Maxillary +20, Mandibular -5
    molars
  93. Maxillary +40, Mandibular -15
    Incisor/lateral
  94. Maxillary +30, Mandibular -10
    bicuspid
  95. White light leaks in the darkroom can be checked by a coin test, how often should this test be performed?
    Once a month
  96. An xray is made up of light gray to white shades. Which interprets the radiograph?
    Radiopaque
  97. The line from the tragus of the ear to the floor of the orbit is also called the?
    Frankfort plane
  98. Sinuses, implant evaluation and TMJ assessment are all recorded by what?
    Cephalometric radiographs
  99. Flat, hard container that holds the film?
    Cassette holder
  100. Collimator has narrow vertical slit?
    X-ray tubehead
  101. Outside the x-ray room; includes kV and mA?
    Exposure controls
  102. Chin rest, notched bite-block, forehead rest
    Head positioner
  103. Occlusal caries will be more easily detected with  a____ & ___than with an xray?
    mirror and explorer
  104. Proper diagnosis of periodontal disease is done with both ___ & ___?
    Radiographs and Examination
  105. A _____ tooth can be seen in all stages on a film
    developing
  106. What is CEJ? and where is it located?
    Cementoenamel junction; enamel and dentin meet
  107. How often is radiographic equipment inspected by the state of ohio?
    once a year
  108. What 3 things are being inspected by the state of ohio? (radiology)
    • 1. Radiation leakage-machines not broken
    • 2. Proper settings-temperature being used
    • 3. licence
  109. Radiolucent image on a radiographic film located between the premolars on the mandibular arch:
    mental foramen
  110. Radiolucent image on a radiographic film located between tooth numbers 24 and 25 on the mandibular arch:
    lingual foramen
  111. Radiolucent image on a radiographic film located between tooth numbers 8 and 9 on the maxillary arch:
    incisive foramen
  112. The imaginary line evenly divides the face into left and right halves:
    Midsagittal plane
  113. When looking at the intensifying screens in a panoramic cassette the color that emits faster and decreases the exposure tot he patient is:
    green light
  114. ______was a professor of physics and discovered xrays?
    Roentgen
  115. _____took the first intraoral radiographs?
    Kells
  116. _____ developed the bisecting technique?
    Rober
  117. _____ developed the paralleling technique?
    McCormack
  118. The open-ended tube, commonly known as the cone, is called the?
    PID- position indicator device
  119. The process by which atoms change into negatively or positively charged ions during radiation?
    ionization
  120. High frequency, High energy and High penetrating power
    short, hard wavelengths
  121. Low frequency, Low energy and Low penetrating power
    long , soft wavelengths
  122. _____ radiation is the central beam that comes from the xray tubehead?
    primary
  123. ____ radiation forms when the primary xray strikes or contacts any type of matter ( solid, liquid, gas)
    Secondary
  124. ____ radiation deflects from its path as it strikes matter
    scatter
  125. ____ radiation is a form of radiaiton that escapes in all directions from the tube or tubehead
    leakage
  126. The _____ equals the amount of radiation that will ionize one cubic centimeter of air
    roentgen
  127. The ____ is an abbreviation for the radiation dose to which body tissues are exposed, which is measured in terms of its estimated biological effects
    Sv (seiverts)
  128. The period between the exposure and development of biological effects is called the _____ period
    latent
  129. The most common settings for the kilovoltage (kV) is?
    70 to 90
  130. The most common settings for the milliamperage are?
    10 to 15
  131. Circuit boards and controls are located in the ___ of the dental xray unit
    control panel
  132. During the _____ process, current passes through the cathode filament and heats it to an extremely high temperature
    thermionic emission
  133. D-speed film
    ultraspeed
  134. Cells that can be affected by radiation are
    somatic and genetic
  135. ____ cells are radiosensitive cells and rapidly divide
    basal
  136. Using Insight film instead of D-type film reduces the time that the patient is exposed by radiation by up to ___%
    60%
  137. The degree of darkness on an xray
    Density
  138. Different shades of gray
    Contrast
  139. Xray beams escape in all directions
    Leakage
  140. Negative side hwere electrons will originate
    Cathode
  141. Solid metal, made of aluminum
    Filter
  142. Lead plate
    Collimator
  143. Directs the flow of xray, made of tungsten target
    Anode
  144. Hard xrays with short wavelengths
    Central beam
  145. What are the 5 different sizes of film?
    • 1. # 0= Child
    • 2. #1= Narrow anterior film
    • 3. #2= Adult
    • 4. #3= Long bite-wing film
    • 5. #4= Occlusal film
  146. Overexposed film
  147. Cone cut film
  148. Bent film
  149. Bite-wing films
  150. Elongated film
  151. Fogged films
  152. Occlusal xray
  153. Periapical xrays
  154. Head tilted up or down
    Frankfort plane
  155. Error: Ghost image of the spine, not sitting or standing up straight
    Correction:Midsaggital plane perpendicular to the floor and centered on the bite block
  156. Error: Too far forward and too far backward, teeth not on bite block
    Correction: place teeth on bite block and adjust head supports to prevent head from moving
  157. Error: Head tilted upward and downward (Frankfort plane)
    Correction: Place patient with the frankfort plane parallel to the floor

    • V= downward
    • ---= upward
  158. Error: Tongue not on the roof of the mouth
    Watch the patient as they swallow and make sure they hold it during exposure

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