Card Set Information
Mock State Certification
A person in the state of shock will show the following signs?
Cool,paleskin; dilated pupils and shallow breathing
The following condition frequently accompanies an epileptic seizure?
clenching of teeth
When taking the blood pressure on the adult male, the normal range of the systolic will fall between?
Treatment recommended at the onset of respiratory arrest is?
mouth to mouth resuscitation
A presentive measure which the assistant can do for the patient who is in an epileptic seizure is?
protect the patient from self injury
Prescription writing requires the use of various abbreviations. The abbreviation q.i.d. means?
four times each day
When a patient has an acrylic or gold crown lodged in his or her throat, the first thing you should do is?
use abdominal thrusts
For post operative dental pain, the most commonly dispensed drug is?
A bleeding victim will show no harmful effect with the loss of ____ of blood?
The condition which refers to the depressed state of the various body functions is called?
In most dental offices, a patient's pulse is obtained from the pressure point at which artery?
Syncope refers to?
a lack of blood to the brain
If a patient faints, the correct procedure for the assistant to do is?
place the head lower than the rest of the body
The normal respiration range for an adult is?
12-20 per minutes
When taking an oral temperature using a glass thermometer, the thermometer is left in the patient's mouth for?
The first step in a primary survey of an unconscious patient is?
check for open airways
Anaphylactic shock is?
a sudden violent allergic reaction
An antidote is a?
drug used to counteract the effects of a poison
The first aid treatment in an emergency is?
restore breathing, control bleeding, treat for shock
In one rescuer CPR, the rate of compressions to breaths are?
15 to 2
The average adult will have a normal body temperature reading of ____ when using a glass thermometer?
With abdominal thrusts, what part of the fist is placed against the patient?
When checking respiration rate, breathing will appear?
deep and regular
A patient walking to the treatment room suddenly collapses, there is no pulse or breathing, you should;
call for help and start CPR
The medication being taken by the patient that could create the most serious issues during oral surgery is?
Insulin shock is due to?
decrease in blood sugar
An indication that a patient requires CPR is?
lack of pulse
A drug that is given to alleviate angina pectoris pain is called?
Angina pectoris is?
a painful condition in the cardiac region
First aid treatment for insulin shock is?
give the patient candy or a fruity beverage like orange juice
The abbreviation "q" on a prescription means?
When giving CPR, the victims head should be?
level with the chest
In case of an emergency, the patient should be kept?
The most common medical emergency in the dental office is?
A normal diastolic pressure for an adult is ____ millimeters of mercury?
In the case of an emergency, the patient should be kept lying down until?
determination of seriousness is made
To record blood pressure, the reading recorded first is the ___ number?
Another name for a bite-wing x-ray is?
Lead diaphragms must be small in the x-ray units because?
radiation is decreased
The radiograph is underexposed when?
it is light and faint
Holding the x-ray tube when exposing film is not safe because?
the tube does not confine radiation
A maxillary arch periapical film can be identified by the?
A film is elongated by?
insufficient vertical angulation
Milliamperage controls which of the following?
only heating of the cathode
A covering of the x-ray film is?
silver bromide salts
The occlusal plane of teeth should be placed in what relation to the floor?
To influence the exposure time of a dental x-ray the operator must?
measure the distance of the cone from the target
To accurately determine the temperature of the processing solutions the thermometer should be located in the?
If the sinus area is showing on the radiograph, it indicate the film is of the?
The most penetrating x-rays have?
short wave lengths
The use of fast speed film?
helps prevent blurring images
If a film is not fixed long enough, it will be?
When operating the control switch, how far from the patient must an operator stand to escape the most harmful rays?
Protection for the patient is provided by?
use lead apron, lead thyrocervical collar and close their eyelids
A panoramic radiograph should not be used to?
A raised button on a film helps to?
mount the film
A radiograph with a thin image is difficult to interpret and may be caused by?
too short developing time
Results of careless angulation of the tube include?
Poor rinsing of x-ray film causes?
spots form on film
Radiographs can be safely exposed to light during processing after?
OSHA requires that each office must post?
An early warning of x-ray dermatitis is?
redness of skin
The ideal temperature of solutions used for processing is?
68-72 degrees F
The most dangerous radiaton to an operator is?
Exhausted developer will produce a ____ image?
faded and thin
Underdeveloping can cause?
Operator protection regulations require the operator?
never hold film of patient; avoid primary, secondary, and scattered; must stand 6 feet from x-ray head
What mark on the face is used for a maxillary anterior occlusal film?
bridge of nose
The organs/tissues most sensitive to ionizing radiation?
To protect film store in container lined with?
Radiation flashback on the film is caused by?
necklaces or jewelry
Excessively dark films may be caused by?
excessive kVp power
If the mA is increased while the kVp and exposure time is kept constant the film will be?
The purpose of fixing film is to?
remove uneffective silver salts
Air bubbles on the surface of film in developer?
shows as white blotch
What metal is used in the construction of the anode target?
The dental x-rays are the property of?
dentist exposing them
What factor determines the penetrating quality of the x-ray beam?
When mounting x-rays with the dot towards you are mounting as if you are?
facing the patient
If the mA is increased while the kVp and exposure time are kept constant the film will appear?
For those who work with radiaiton, the maximum whole body dose considered permissible is?
The first clinical sign of excessive exposure to radiation is?
X-ray exposure to patients is best reduced by using __ film?
An x-ray badge monitors?
The bite wing is designed to show the ____ areas?
Improper angulation when taking x-rays may result in?
elongation of image
The ______ radiograph pictures the entire tooth and surrounding area?
Which processing solution chemically reduces the exposed area of the emulsion, making it visible to the naked eye?
Which processing solution removes the unexposed and undeveloped crystals from the film emulsion?
In an endodontic procedure, the ___ technique is preferred to reduce distortion?
Maxillary +45, Mandibular -20
Maxillary +20, Mandibular -5
Maxillary +40, Mandibular -15
Maxillary +30, Mandibular -10
White light leaks in the darkroom can be checked by a coin test, how often should this test be performed?
Once a month
An xray is made up of light gray to white shades. Which interprets the radiograph?
The line from the tragus of the ear to the floor of the orbit is also called the?
Sinuses, implant evaluation and TMJ assessment are all recorded by what?
Flat, hard container that holds the film?
Collimator has narrow vertical slit?
Outside the x-ray room; includes kV and mA?
Chin rest, notched bite-block, forehead rest
Occlusal caries will be more easily detected with a____ & ___than with an xray?
mirror and explorer
Proper diagnosis of periodontal disease is done with both ___ & ___?
Radiographs and Examination
A _____ tooth can be seen in all stages on a film
What is CEJ? and where is it located?
Cementoenamel junction; enamel and dentin meet
How often is radiographic equipment inspected by the state of ohio?
once a year
What 3 things are being inspected by the state of ohio? (radiology)
1. Radiation leakage-machines not broken
2. Proper settings-temperature being used
Radiolucent image on a radiographic film located between the premolars on the mandibular arch:
Radiolucent image on a radiographic film located between tooth numbers 24 and 25 on the mandibular arch:
Radiolucent image on a radiographic film located between tooth numbers 8 and 9 on the maxillary arch:
The imaginary line evenly divides the face into left and right halves:
When looking at the intensifying screens in a panoramic cassette the color that emits faster and decreases the exposure tot he patient is:
______was a professor of physics and discovered xrays?
_____took the first intraoral radiographs?
_____ developed the bisecting technique?
_____ developed the paralleling technique?
The open-ended tube, commonly known as the cone, is called the?
PID- position indicator device
The process by which atoms change into negatively or positively charged ions during radiation?
High frequency, High energy and High penetrating power
short, hard wavelengths
Low frequency, Low energy and Low penetrating power
long , soft wavelengths
_____ radiation is the central beam that comes from the xray tubehead?
____ radiation forms when the primary xray strikes or contacts any type of matter ( solid, liquid, gas)
____ radiation deflects from its path as it strikes matter
____ radiation is a form of radiaiton that escapes in all directions from the tube or tubehead
The _____ equals the amount of radiation that will ionize one cubic centimeter of air
The ____ is an abbreviation for the radiation dose to which body tissues are exposed, which is measured in terms of its estimated biological effects
The period between the exposure and development of biological effects is called the _____ period
The most common settings for the kilovoltage (kV) is?
70 to 90
The most common settings for the milliamperage are?
10 to 15
Circuit boards and controls are located in the ___ of the dental xray unit
During the _____ process, current passes through the cathode filament and heats it to an extremely high temperature
Cells that can be affected by radiation are
somatic and genetic
____ cells are radiosensitive cells and rapidly divide
Using Insight film instead of D-type film reduces the time that the patient is exposed by radiation by up to ___%
The degree of darkness on an xray
Different shades of gray
Xray beams escape in all directions
Negative side hwere electrons will originate
Solid metal, made of aluminum
Directs the flow of xray, made of tungsten target
Hard xrays with short wavelengths
What are the 5 different sizes of film?
1. # 0= Child
2. #1= Narrow anterior film
3. #2= Adult
4. #3= Long bite-wing film
5. #4= Occlusal film
Cone cut film
Head tilted up or down
Error: Ghost image of the spine, not sitting or standing up straight
Correction:Midsaggital plane perpendicular to the floor and centered on the bite block
Error: Too far forward and too far backward, teeth not on bite block
Correction: place teeth on bite block and adjust head supports to prevent head from moving
Error: Head tilted upward and downward (Frankfort plane)
Correction: Place patient with the frankfort plane parallel to the floor
Error: Tongue not on the roof of the mouth
Watch the patient as they swallow and make sure they hold it during exposure