U.S. Learning Outcomes
Card Set Information
U.S. Learning Outcomes
Reconstruction; Westward Expansion and the Guilded Age; Industrialization, Urbanization, Immigration and Unions
Triangle Shirtwaist Company
Consumed in industrial fire, 147 people lost thier lives. Owners indicted for manslaughter and acquitted of charges
Published "the Jungle". Ezposes the unsafe and unclean aspects of the Chicago meatpacking industry. Led to progressive reforms
Court order forbidding a strike
Yellow dog contract
Agreement signed by workers not to join a union, nor support strikes
Member of United mine workers of america. proponent of nonviolence. led march of the mill children to Roosevelts home to protest agains child labor
Eugene V. Debs
An American Union leader. Founding member of International Labor Union and IWW. canidate for President as member of Social Democratic Party. Best known Socialists
Found American Federation of Labor. Focused on Collective Bargening, Or group negotiations, to get written agreements between worker and employer.(willing for strikes then KL)
Worked as machinist and joined Knights of Labor. advanced in org. and appointed as grand master workman, unions highest post.
Irish coalfield workers. accused and convicted of killing 9 Penns. mine superintendents and destroying mine property
National Labor Union
First large scale national org. of laborers. powerful enough to creat own political party called Labor Reform Party.
A labor union
organized association of workers, formed to protect rights and interests
Sherman Antitrust Act
any attempt to interfere with free trade between states or intertationally by forming trust was illegal. concern expanding corporations would stifle free competition
Government act seeking to dissolve corporate trusts and monopolies. Roosevelt, Wilson, Taft, trust busters.
Believed government should take Laissez fare (hands off) to regulating business and market place
Economic system based on private ownership and unrestricted competition
Gospel of Wealth
Carnegies beleif people should be able to make as much as they could but then should pass to worthy causes.
one who gives to worthy causes
banker who owned US steel, largest holding company. Bought Carnegies steel company
John D. Rockefeller
ruthless owner of oil company, helped found University of Chicago. not agree with gospel of wealth
method of consolidating competing companies, participants turn stock over to board of trustees. (run companies as large corporation.
created when one has complete control over an industry
economic theory, suppoted notion of individual responsibility. supported belief riches were simply sign of gods favor
first industrial giant in steel industry. rags to riches, made him model of the american success story
Interstate Commerce Act
reaction of Wabash Case, created Interstate commerce comission to oversee interstate commerce
built railroad car factory. established company town where workers lived. strict rules led to violent strike
Alexander Graham Bell
invented the telephone
perfected incandescent light bulb and system for pruducing and destributing electricity
made electrictiy safer and less expensive
Injecting air into molten iron to remove carbon and transform iron into steel
monetary standard. value of mony expressed as certain amount of gold or silver
The Depression 1873
dissoled national labor union, threatened many new settler in midwest. small farmers banded together to form Populist party, included increase in money supply, rise in prices
The Panic 1893
triggered by corporate abuses, mismanagement, over building, and competition in railroad industry.railroads go into bankrupcy
20 year period of US history after Reconstrucion. house of reps changes between Demo. and Repub.
Fredrick Douglass Jackson
"The Significance of the Frontier in American History" declared the frontier has ceased to exist
invented barbed wire. cheap and easy to use, to keep cattle from straying or trampling crops. End era of open-range
between Mississippi River and Rocky Mountains. location of great cattle trails.
Pacific Railroad Act
passed without southern democrats in congress. granted government loans and huge tracts of land to union and southern pacific railroads. sold excess land for profit
Battle of Wounded Knee
Massacre by US. Brought Indian wars
Dawes Severalty Act
intended to assimulate natives by distributing reservation land, breaking up tribes. natives never recieved anything for land
process under which native americans would give up thier beliefs and way of life and become part of white culture
George Armstrong Custer
civil war hero and colonel in seventh cavalry. Sent to investigate reports of gold, sparked gold rush and started warfare between men and indians
Battle of the Little Bighorn
Victory for Natives, set stage for thier final defeat as it enraged americans who called for revenge.
Homestead Act of 1862
Southern democrats not in congress. offered 160 acres of free land to anyone who would live and cultivate it for 5 years.
violated Tenure of Office Act by removing Sec. of War, Faced impeachment
Laws intended to force african-americans to continure working as plantation laborers.
White southerners who jointed republican party during reconstrucion, considered traitorers
northerners went to south during reconstruction. carried belongings in carpetbags
organization that furnished food and medical supplies to blacks and poor whites.
gave africans citizenship
forbid denial of right to vote
period after Civil War which the South was being rebuilt and readmitted into Union
Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth 5 days after souths surrender in Civil War.