EXP- Chapter 8

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EXP- Chapter 8
2012-10-15 12:16:39

Chapter 8- False Memory
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  1. refer to memories that people have which do not correspond to events as they actually happened.
    False memories
  2. does the memory match the actual event
  3. does the memory report accurately reflect the actual event
  4. how much or how detailed is the memory
  5. the false memories created by a list in which all of the words are related or associated with the absent but suggested word.
    Critical intrusions
  6. researchers induce false memories by simply having the participant imagine the event.
    Imagination inflation
  7. memories, usually of traumatic experiences that have been forgotten – only to be retrieved later.
    Recovered memories
  8. is defined here as forgetting of highly-emotional memories, usually from childhood.
  9. Because memories of childhood trauma are highly negative, often private, and potentially embarrassing, they are likely to be seldom rehearsed.
    Failure-to-rehearse explanation
  10. means that people may deliberately force themselves to not remember the item. 
    Active suppression
  11. some information is easier to recall than other information.  
    Retrieval bias
  12. Presenting post-event misinformation about a witnessed event can obscure, change, or degrade the memory of the original event.
    Misinformation effect
  13. misinformation distorts or alters the memory for the original event. 
    Also called the “blending” view because the new memory is a blending of the original event and the memory of the later information.
    Trace-impairement view
  14. participants form one memory about the original event and then form a second memory of reading the questions or reading the summary after the event.
    Coexistence hypothesis