EXP- Chapter 8
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EXP- Chapter 8
Chapter 8- False Memory
refer to memories that people have which do not correspond to events as they actually happened.
does the memory match the actual event
does the memory report accurately reflect the actual event
how much or how detailed is the memory
the false memories created by a list in which all of the words are related or associated with the absent but suggested word.
researchers induce false memories by simply having the participant imagine the event.
memories, usually of traumatic experiences that have been forgotten – only to be retrieved later.
is defined here as forgetting of highly-emotional memories, usually from childhood.
Because memories of childhood trauma are highly negative, often private, and potentially embarrassing, they are likely to be seldom rehearsed.
means that people may deliberately force themselves to not remember the item.
some information is easier to recall than other information.
Presenting post-event misinformation about a witnessed event can obscure, change, or degrade the memory of the original event.
misinformation distorts or alters the memory for the original event.
Also called the “blending” view because the new memory is a blending of the original event and the memory of the later information.
participants form one memory about the original event and then form a second memory of reading the questions or reading the summary after the event.