Biology Ch 8 Cellular Respiration

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toribloom
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177815
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Biology Ch 8 Cellular Respiration
Updated:
2012-10-15 22:06:00
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cellular respiration
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Cellular respiration
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  1. Cellular respiration is best described as a metabolic process that uses energy from:
    Carbohydrates, fats, or proteins to produce ATP
    the sun to produce carbohydrates
    pyruvic acid to produce ATP
    Carbohydrates, fats, or proteins to produce ATP
  2. The anaerobic breakdown of glucose that results in a gain of two ATP and end products such as alcohol, CO2, and lactate is _______
    fermentation
  3. The 3-carbon end product of glycolysis is ______.
    pyruvate
  4. NADH and FADH2 are electron carriers required for the electron transport chain in ______ _______.
    cellular respiration
  5. The net ATP production for glycolysis is the same as that for the citric acid cycle, each producing ___ molecules of ATP.
    2
  6. The products of glycolysis include:
    ATP
    NADH
    acetyl CoA
    pyruvate
    • ATP
    • NADH
    • Pyruvate
  7. During the prep reaction ____ is converted into acetyl-CoA.
    pyruvate
  8. Which are inputs of glycolysis?
    Glucose
    pyruvate
    ADP
    NAD+
    FADH2
    Glucose, ADP, NAD+
  9. Which tissue would have the most mitochondria?
    skin
    lung
    skeletal muscle
    connective tissue
    skeletal muscle
  10. Amino groups are removed from amino acids producing ammonia (NH3). This process is called?

    hydrolysis
    deamination
    catabolism
    deamination
  11. During glycolysis ___ molecules of ATP are produced. There was an investment of __ ATP to start the reaction. Thus there is an overall net game of __ molecules of ATP
    4,2,2
  12. The final electron acceptor at the end of the electron transport chain is _____.
    oxygen
    water
    phosphate
    oxygen
  13. NAD+ is an electron carrier used in _____ and the krebs cycle.
    glycolysis
  14. NAD+ carries electrons to the electron transport chain to produce _____.
    ATP
  15. Fatty acids are converted into acetyl-CoA which then enter:
    glycolysis
    the citric acid cycle
    the electron transport chain
    citric acid cycle
  16. Which are products of cellular respiration?
    water
    oxygen
    ATP
    Carbon dioxide
    glucose
    • water
    • carbon dioxide
    • ATP
  17. ________ provides a rapid burst of energy when oxygen supplies are limited.
    fermentation
  18. ATP synthase is an enzyme complex that admits protons through a membrane where they trigger phosphorylation of ADP to ATP
    True/False
    True
  19. To produce ATP during the electron transport chain, protons must pass through _______.
    ATP synthase
    the outer mitochondrial membrane
    the proteins of the ETC
    ATP synthase
  20. The ETC is driven by NADH and FADH2 which are the products of ______ and the ___ ____.
    glycolysis, Kreb's cycle
  21. Glycolysis the first step in cellular respiration is the breaking down of ____.
    glucose
  22. Glycolysis with ______ continues to the _____ _____ and then on to the _____ _______ ____.
    oxygen, kreb's cycle, ETC
  23. Glycolysis in the absents of _____ continues on to _________.
    oxygen, fermentation
  24. What is the end product of glycolysis?
    pyruvate
  25. Glucose + 2NAD+ + 2 ATP +4 ADP + 2 Phosphate groups=
    2 pyruvates + 2 NADH + 2 ADP + 4 ATP

    NET 
    2 ATP
    2 NADH
    2 pyruvates
  26. Mitochondria is separated into 2 sections, ____  ___ and the _________ by the cristae (membrane).
    outer compartment, matrix
  27. The 10 NADH produced by the Kreb's cycle, each NADH produces __ ATP's in the ETC.
    3

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