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List historical and cultural events in the Baroque period (1600-1680).
- 1607 Jamestown founded
- 1611 King James Bible
- 1610 Galileo confirms that the earth revolves around the sun
- 1618-48 Thrity Years' War
- 1643-1715 Louis XIV reigns in France
List hisotrical and cultural events in the Baroque period (1680-1750)
- 1687 Newton, Principia Mathematica
- 1692 Witchcraft trials in Salem, Mass
- 1715-74 Louis XV reigns in France
- 1740-86 Frederick the Great reigns in Prussia
List arts and letters events in the Baroque period (1600-1680)
- 1600 Shakespeare, Hamlet
- 1605 Cervantes, Don Quixote
- 1612-15 Rubens, Descent from the Cross
- 1613 Gentilschi, Judith Slaying Holofernes
- 1623 Bernini, Savid Slaying Goliath
- 1630 Poussin, Mars and Venus
- 1659 Rembrandt, Self-Portrait
- 1667 Milton, Paradise Lost
List arts and letters events in the Baroque period (1680-1750)
- 1689 Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding
- 1717 Watteau, The Embarkation for Cythera
- 1719 Defoe, Robinson Crusoe
- 1726 Swift, Gulliver's Travels
List music events in the Baroque period (1600-1680)
- 1607 Monteverdi, Orfeo
- 1642 Monteverdi, The Coronation of Poppea
List music events in the Baroque period (1680-17500
- 1689 Purcell, Dido and Aeneas
- 1689 Corelli, Trio Sonata in A Minor, Op. 3, No. 10
- c. 1709 Bach, Organ Fugue in G Minor (Little Fugue)
- c. 1721 Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D Major
- 1725 Vivaldi, La Primavera (Spring), Concerto for Violin and Orchestra, Op. 8, No. 1
- 1731 Bach, Cantata No. 140: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme
- 1741 Handel, Messiah
Has at vairous times meant bizarre, flamboyant, and elborately ornamented.
Give a characterization of baroque style.
It fills space - canvas, stone or sound - with action and movement.
The Baroque period (1600-1750) is also known as:
the "age of absolutism" because many rulers exercised absolute power over their subjects.
Who are the two giants of Baroque composition?
- George Frederic Handel
- Johann Sebastian Bach
Who's death marks the end of the Baroque period?
Johann Sebastian Bach
Who are other baroque masters?
- Claudio Monteverdi
- Henry Purcell
- Arcangelo Corelli
- Antonio Vivaldi
The baroque period is closely associated with?
What are the characteristics of Baroque Music?
- Unity of mood
- Chords and the Basso Continuo
- Words and music
Define unity of mood as it refers to Baroque Music.
A baroque piece usually expresses one basic mood: what begins joyfully will remain joyful throughout.
Define affetions as it refers to Baroque Music.
Emotional states or moods of the music.
Define rhythm as it refers to Baroque Music.
Continuity of rhythm; rhythmic patterns heard at the beginning of a piece are repeated throughout it.
Define melody as it refers to Baroque Music.
Creates a feeling of continuity; many baroque melodies sound elaborate and ornamental, and they are not easy to sing or remember.
Define dynamics as it refers to Baroque Music.
Continuity of dynamics: the level of volume tends to stay fairly constant for a stretch of time. When dynamics do shift, the shift is sudden, like physically stepping from one level to another. Gradual canges through crescendo and decrescendo are not prominent features.
Define terraced dynamics as it refers to Baroque Music.
The sudden alternation between loud and soft.
Define texture as it refers to Baroque Music.
Predominatly polyphonic in texture; two or more melodic lines compete for the listener's attention. Imitation (cannon) between the various lines, or "voices", of the texture is very common.
Define chords and the Basso Continuo as it refers to Baroque Music.
- Chords were mere by-products fo the motion of melodic lines.
- Basso Continuo is usually played by at least two instruments: a keyboard instrument like an organ or a harpischord and a low melodic instrument like a cello or bassoon.
Define figured bass.
Bass part with numbers (figures). The numbers specify only basic chords, not the exact way in which the chords should be played.
Define words and music as it refers to Baroque Music.
List characteristics of the baroque orchestra.
- 1- Based on instruments of the violin family
- 2- Small (10 - 30 or 40 players)
- 3- Composer played harpischord