Chapter 6 - Bones

Home > Preview

The flashcards below were created by user scb0568 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.


  1. 5 Function of the bone
    • 1. Support/Shape
    • 2. Storage
    • 3. Blood Cell Production
    • 4. Protection 
    • 5. Leverage for Muscle
  2. 4 Bone Types
    • 1. Long Bone
    • 2. Short Bone
    • 3. Fat Bone
    • 4. Irregular
  3. 2 Structure of Long Bone
    • 1. Compact Bone
    • 2. Spongy Bone
  4. Example of long bone
    Femur, humerus, etc
  5. Ex. of short bone
    Carpals, Tarsals
  6. Ex. of Fat Bone
    Ribs, Sterum, Parieta
  7. Ex. of Irregular
    Coxae, Vertebrae, Scapula
  8. - Strongest type of bone found in the diaphysis of long bones
    - It is made up of OSTEONS! 
    Compact Bone
  9. - Weaker type of bone
    - Found in the epiphysis of long bones
    - RBM running through it.
    - Made up of bony plates called TRABECULAR.
    - NO OSTEONS!
    Spongy Bone
  10. Image Upload
    • 1. Spongy Bone
    • 2. Compact Bone
    • 3. Medullary Cavity
    • 4. Epiphysis
    • 5. Diaphysis
    • 6. Epiphysis
  11. Image Upload
    • 1. Articular Cartillage
    • 2. RBM
    • 3. FAT (Yellow Marrow)
    • 4. Periosteum
    • 5. Endosteum
  12. Remodeling of Bones
    Osteocytes
  13. 2 Type of osteocytes 
    • 1. Osteoblasts
    • 2. Osteoclasts
  14. * Cells that build bones
    - increase # in children/ babies
    - Calcitonin
    * decrease blood calsium level
    OsteoBlasts
  15. * Cells that break down bone
    - increase # in elderly/aging pop.
    - Calcitrol
    * increase Blood calsium levels
    OsteoClasts
  16. -Hormon that when expressed, 
    -Stimulates osteoBlasts to build bone.
    CalCitonin
  17. - Stimulates osteoClasts to break down bone,
    b/c the body is needing more blood calcium
    CalCitrol
  18. Basic functional unit of compact bone
    Osteon
  19. Image Upload
    • 1. Osteon (Haversion System)
    • 2. Haversion Canal (Lartery Vein)
    • 3. Osteocytes
    • 4. Caniliculi
    • 5. Lacunae
  20. Cytoplasm processes of osteocytes seat onto from their lacunae to communicate w/ adjacent lacunae
    Caniliculi
  21. Connect adjacent Haversion Canals
    Volksman Canal (Performating Canal)
  22. The replacing of a cartilage model by bone in a fetus
    Endochondral Ossification
  23. Endo - 1
    Chondr - 2
    Al - plural

    Ossi - 3
    Fication - 4
    • 1. Inside
    • 2. Cartilage
    • 3. Bone
    • 4. Formation of
  24. 2 type of ossification
    • 1. Diaphysis
    • 2. Epiphysis
  25. Primary ossification center
    Diaphysis
  26. 2nd ossification center
    Diaphysis
  27. Process by which FLAT BONES are made from a cartilage model.
    Intramembranous Ossification
  28. Requirement to normal Bone Growth
    • Minerals
    • Vitamins
    • Hormones

Card Set Information

Author:
scb0568
ID:
177950
Filename:
Chapter 6 - Bones
Updated:
2012-10-16 04:56:30
Tags:
Bone
Folders:

Description:
Bones
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview