ANTH 3180

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ANTH 3180
2012-10-16 01:03:53
Anth Religion

Anth Religion
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  1. Portrayal of religion in The Simpsons
    Religion in the Simpsons is a social outlet that lets everyone express ignorance about all different kinds of religion with laughter without attaching the insult. It allows us to be “us, but not us”.
  2. The Profane and the Sacred
    The Profane and sacred are distinct polarized terms in religion. Throughout history there are no other two categories that are so radically opposed to one another. Sacred things are naturally considered superior over profane things. In religion this is the good and the bad, the clean and the dirty.
  3. Religion as “the opium of the people”
    According to Marx, religion makes man believe that he had left a state of disillusion and the shapes his reality to come to reason. Religion is the heart of the heartless world, the spirit of the spiritless.
  4. The Sacred Canopy
    I think what Berger wanted to say that religion is a shield that not only protects humanity from chaos, but it is also gives humanity the ability to understand the cosmos. “Religion is the audacious attempt to conceive of the entire universe as being humanly significant.”
  5. Myth of the “Objective Observer”
    An objective observer is one who can measure and study a system and its environment without being physically or emotionally vested. This allows the observer see the system for what it is not what the observer wants it to be. An example: Early anthropologist among the Navajo could not understand why there was no word for religion, but when the Navajo showed them their religion, all the anthropologist see was artwork.
  6. Taboo(s)
    A taboo to the outsider is irrational at best, where to the insider it is the right way to do things. Taboos may be restrictions on activity, speech, touch or food.  It also can be related to the profane expressions of the culture. I feel that taboos play a survival role as well. For example the taboo for looking at a solar eclipse in the Navajo culture. At its simplest form this taboo evades blindness from looking at the sun.
  7. “Body Ritual Among the Nacirema”
    The Nacirema are a strange group of people with strange magic dependencies which dictate their obsessions with their ugly bodies. This article expresses their struggle to survive.
  8. Mana
    Mana is a superstition or an explanation of extraordinary forces for success or failure. For example, a warrior who received the power or mana of those he/she has slain.
  9. World Religions/Ecclesiastical Cult Institutions
    World religions are categorized as messianic with such figures as Jesus, Mohammad, and Buddha. They often have sacred texts and have a missionizing aspect and have professional clergy.
  10. The adaptive value of ritual behavior
    As a species we are designed to optimize how energy is used, so why would we engage in rituals that are so counterproductive? Rituals provide cohesion that binds societies together allowing the society to obtain it’s goals more rapidly.
  11. Apotropaic Buddhism
    A form of Buddhism concerned with providing protection from evil spirits. In Thailand Amulets have become an outward expression of Apotropaic Buddhism. The popularity of the amulets seem to increase in times of uncertainty or need.
  12. Brahmins and Untouchables (Dalits)
    Both the Brahmins and Dalits are part of an illegal cast system in India that has been in place for centuries. The Brahmins are at the top and the Dalits are at the extreme opposite. The Dalits are considered filthy. One is born in the cast system and is not expected to rise above it. It influences most every aspect of one’s life.
  13. Gorgio(s)/Gadji
    Gorgios or Gadji are one who is not Romani. Gadji are considered to be polluting to the Romani. As a result pollution taboos divide the Romani from the Gadji through symbolic boundaries and beliefs. Gorgios are seen as “A dirty beast” to the Romani.
  14. “The Veil in their Minds and on our Heads”
    The veil of the Islamic world represents many different things to both those who understand its meaning and those who don’t. To those who practice Islam, the Hijab and other veiled clothing can represent one’s identity, one’s dedication or one’s heritage.
  15. “Dirt”
    The definition depends on the context of the cultural system it exists in. One might argue that dirt/filth being profane would extend across all cultures, along with taboos associated with it.
  16. Religion vs. Spirituality
    Religion does not require spiritually, neither does spirituality require the presence of religion, but they both seem to have ritual in common…
  17. Santería and embodiment
    Santeria is a system of beliefs originating from West Africa and travelling to the new world through Cuba. It is a cleansing ritual that leads to rites to the priesthood. Cleansing and offerings are made to Orichas.
  18. Peggy Sanday’s feminist take on myths and creation tales
    Peggy states that power is given to the gender that provides the needs for the society.
  19. Wicca and the Goddess
    The worship of the Earth as a goddess. One who provides all life. “All that proceeds from Her, all returns to Her.”
  20. Kogi mamas
    Mamas are priests of the Kogi. They follow the “Law of the Mother” in administering the spiritual needs of the Kogi. They are also charged with raising potential future priests from birth. Families of these children are honored to give up their children to the priesthood.
  21. The kaiko, or ‘pig festival’
    Kaiko is a celebration preferably taken place during good times of heard growth. The celebration can go for about a year where friendly groups are entertained from time to time. The meat from the pigs is distributed amongst allies and those who helped in disputes.
  22. Totemism
    A device to regulate human groups and their relationship with the natural world”. Totemism allows clans or individuals to assimilate the life and meaning of an animal during and after life.
  23. Gendering Secularization Theory
    viduals to assimilate the life and meaning of an animal during and after life.23. It would be a folly to call this a theory, let alone a hypothesis. The concept is that after the sexual revolution in the 1960’s women’s religions practices have changed leading to fewer women participating in religions activities. While I don’t disagree, the problem with this article is that while the author exaggerates the new roles of women, she stereotypes men as unchanging dominate pigs, in contrast, the author failed to observe that since the 1960’s the roles of the traditional man has changed significantly from traditional male roles toward traditional female roles.
  24. The Peyote Road
    The Peyote Road is the journey one takes through the spirituality of one who belongs to the Native American Church. Consuming peyote through ceremonial rituals allows one to get back on the road and focus their lives. It lets them communicate to god through nature.