Classical Part I

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Classical Part I
2012-10-16 12:01:12
Classical Music

Classical Part I
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  1. Age of Absolutism
    Many rulers exercised power over their subjects. Aristocracy was enormously rich and powerful.
  2. Age of Enlightenment
    • Reason,
    • not custom or tradition, was the best guide for human conduct.
    • Political and economic power shifted from aristocracy to the middle
    • class.
  3. Age of Romanticism
    Romantics were drawn to the realm of the supernatural, fantasy, the unconscious, and the world of dreams.
  4. Homophonic texture
    • Melody with accompaniment; a melody that is dominant with other lines supporting the main melody.
    • Examples: most familiar hymns, art songs, and popular songs.
  5. Humanism
    Focused on human life and its accomplishments. Humanists were not concerned with an afterlife in heaven and hell.
  6. Melisma
    • A setting of a text to music in which one syllable of text is given a series of musical notes.
    • Examples: a chant; when pop and gospel singers extend one word by embellishing it with many notes.
  7. Monophonic texture
    • A single-line melody without harmonic accompaniment or other melodic line.
    • Examples: a chant; a lullaby; an unaccompanied song; Alleluia: Vidimus Stellam
  8. Nationalistic Music
    • Music with definable national characteristics including
    • folk songs, danced, legends, patriotism, and other national material in a
    • composition to associate it with the composer's homeland;
    • characteristic of the Romantic era.
    • Example: Smetana's Moldau
  9. Opera
    • Drama that is sung to orchestral accompaniment, usually a
    • large-scale composition involving vocal soloists, chorus, orchestra,
    • costumes, and scenery.
    • Example: Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro
  10. Oratorio
    • Large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra
    • Example: Handel's Messiah
  11. Polyphonic texture
    • Two or more independent, simultaneously sounding melodies; each line has equal emphasis but starts at different times.
    • Examples: two- or three-part round; renaissance madrigals; As Vesta was Descending by Weelkes
  12. Program Music
    • instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene; characteristic of the Romantic Era.
    • Example: Smetana's Moldau
  13. Serenade
    a work that's usually light in mood, meant for evening entertainment.
  14. Sonata Form
    • A typical first movement form which includes an exposition, development, recapitulation, and coda.
    • Example: Beethoven's 5th Symphony, 1st Movement
  15. Symphonic Poem
    • Programmatic, one movement work for symphony orchestra.
    • Example: Smetana's Moldau
  16. Theme and Variations
    • A basic musical idea - the theme - is repeated over and over and is changed each time.
    • Example: Haydn's Surprise Symphony, 2nd Movement