102: Instructor Fundamentals

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  1. State the purpose of the Navy Training System
    to ensure a systematic approach for determining what to train and how best to accomplish that training
  2. Define the most essential, single link in the training chain
    The instructor... ( the instructor must present the knowledge and skills required to transform students into proficient and productive members of the operating forces
  3. State and discusse the three qualities of an efficient and effective instructor
    KNOWLEDGE: (subject matter expert)

    ABILITY: (Professional Ability)

    PERSONALITY: (Gain respect of the students by displaying a professional attitude towards others.
  4. Discuss the instructor's responsibilities in terms of:
    A: Responsibility to Students.
    B: Responsibility to raining safety
    C: Responsibility to Security
    D: Responsibility to Cirriculum
    • Students: to teach effectively, set a good example for students to follow
    • Training and Safety: Must demonstrate proper safety procedures, in addition to teaching the students
    • Security: Never down play the importance of the security of clasified material
    • Curriculum: Maintenance of the curriculum is an ongoing effort to ensure course curriculum remains current and accurate.
  5. List and discus the four principles of John Keller's model of motivational theory



  6. List and discuss the key principles of applying motivation theory in a training situation.
    • Needs and Drives: a lack of something desirable or useful that causes a desire for satisfaction.
    • Attitudes: consist of feelings for or against people, objects, or ideas.
    • Achievements: a strong desire, an aim, a goal or desired objective.
    • Values: students values, attitudes, and previous experience affect the nature and the amount that the student learns.
    • Interests:
    • Incentives: (rewards) stimulate students motivation.
  7. State the ultimate goal of instruction
    To cause students to remain motivated beyond the instructor's influence and apply what they have learned on the job
  8. State and discuss the six laws of learning
    • Readiness: people only learn when they are physically and mentally read.
    • Exercise: practice make permanent and perfect.
    • Effect: emotional reaction to the learner.
    • Primacy: first instructional event often creates a strong, almost unshakeable, impression on the learner.
    • Intensity: If the stimulus (experience) is real, a change in behavior (learning) is far more likely to occur.
    • Recency: all things being equal, the things learned last will be best remembered.
  9. State and discuss five ways of learning.
    • Imitation:
    • Trial and Error:
    • Association:
    • Insight:
    • Transfer:
  10. Discuss how motivation affects student learning.
    Motivation often has as much or more impact than scholastic ability
  11. State and discuss the types of sensory learners
    • Visual learner: comes from seeing and imitating
    • Auditory Learner: learn from listening
    • Kinesthetic Learner: learn from hands-on experience
  12. State and discuss the purpose of an effective communication process.
    exchange of thoughts, opinions, and information through speech, writing, nonverbal cues, signs and images.
  13. Discuss the importance of listening communication skills.
    an active process of hearing and understanding, which demands concentration and attention.
  14. Describe six factors that must be considered in planing instructional delivery
    • Articulation
    • Grammar
    • Rate of Speech
    • Pauses
    • Inflection
    • Force (of delivery)
  15. State and siscuss the importance of body movement as an important part of successful communication
    Body movement reinforces, emphasizes, and clarifies verbally expressed ideas
  16. State and discuss the four purposes of oral questioning
    • Focuses: attention
    • Arouses: Interest in subject matter
    • Drills: students of subject matter
    • Stimulates: students to think
  17. State and discuss the four basic learning styles
    • Concrete: the rely heavily on their own feelings and personal judgements.
    • Active: A trial and error way of learning appeals to them.
    • Reflective: learn best from lectures, films, and reading.
    • Abstract: learn best from lectures by experts, theorectival reading, case studies, and activities¬†that require solitary thinking.
  18. Discuss the barriers to effective communication
    • Lack of common core experience
    • Overuse of abstractionisms
    • Fear
    • Environmental Factors
  19. State and discuss the characteristics of a good oral question
    Clarity of meaning:

    Level of Instruction:

    Use of an Interrogative
  20. Discuss the types and purpose of oral questions
    • Multiple Answer:
    • Yes/No:
    • Canvassing:
    • Leading:
    • Interest arousing:
    • Factual Question:
    • Thought provoking:
  21. State the five steps of the five-step questioning technique.
    • Ask
    • Pause
    • Pick
    • Listen
    • Emphasize
  22. List and discuss the different instructional methods.
    • Lecture: intructional presentation of information, conceptes, or principles.
    • Lecture with Audiovisuals: visual and/or audio learning aids.
    • Demonstration: basic and most often used, method of instruction for teaching skill-type subjects
    • Role-Playing: requires students to assume active roles in a simulated situation followed by a group discussion
    • Team Dimensional Training: enables team members to diagnose and correct their own performance problems
    • Gaming and Simulation:
  23. State and dicuses the three parts of a learning objective


  24. Dicuss the two methods of testing and their importance

  25. Explain the five learning levels a knowledge test item may test
    • Recognition:
    • Recall:
    • Comprehens:ion
    • Application:
    • Analysis/ Evaluation:
  26. Discuss the different types of performance tests
    Product: comparing students efforts to an accceptable completed example

    Process: students ability to correctly follow procedural steps in completing a task

  27. List and describe the primary material used in presenting instruction.
    • Lesson Pan: ensures proper sequence and depth required by objectives.
    • Instruction Sheets: provide students with information or directions.¬† O J P A I D
    • Instructional Media Material? Visual Media Material: specially prepared transparency exhibit that will assist students in understanding and expedite their learning
  28. Discuss student feeback/ course critique
    • provide feed back to the training and course supervisors non areas such as training and curriculum effectiveness, instructor performance, safety, and quality of life issues.
    • Feedback to the instuctors on their performance.
  29. Discuss the following programs and include possible actions and responsibilities of an instrucor
    A: Equal Employment Opportunity
    B. Navy Core Values
    C. Sexual Harassment
    D. Diversity
    • EEO: ensure both genders actively participate in learning activities/ ensures all students have the chance to do complex technical work.
    • Navy Core Values: serve as a role model in your military conduct, attitude, appearance, and bearing.
    • Sexual harassment: unacceptable conduct that undermines the integrity of the instructor-student relationship.
    • Diversity: all the different characteristics¬† and attributes of indivduals that enhance the mission readiness of the department of the Navy and strengthen the capabilities of our Navy Total Force.
  30. Discuss the instructor qualification process
    completion of formal instructor training and immediately upon arrival at the instructor Assignment, Learning Centers will direct a formal process to certify their new intructors to Ensure profeciency in two areas: Instrucional technique and technical knowledge
  31. Discuss the instructor disqualification factors and process
    failing to maintain original screening requirements as well as instructors receiving unsatisfactory evaluations shall be disqualified
  32. Discuss the items with your mentor that can be found on the MTS Comminity of Practive (COP)
    MTS program manager, all applicable instructions, MTS PQS, certficate requests, program desciption, and feeback
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102: Instructor Fundamentals

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