ART 1010: Midterm

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McKayla
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178116
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ART 1010: Midterm
Updated:
2012-10-16 18:43:18
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Art 1010
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Chapters 2,4,5,10,12-14
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  1. Postive & Negative
    Elements of Art: SPACE
  2. Flat, and can only be veiwed from one side.
    *Creates illunison of depth.*
    2D Space
  3. Contains objects that can be veiwed from all sides; objects that have height, width, & depth.
    *Aslo called mass*
    3D Space
  4. Shortest distance between two points. 

    Examples:  A.Straight               A. Vertical
                     B.Curved                B.Horizontal
                     C.Angular               C. Diagonal
    Element of Art: LINE
  5. Created by lines; lines divide space.
    *Ususally described to define 2-dimensional*
    Elements of Art: SHAPE
  6. Formed by straight lines or curved ones that progess evenly. 
    Geometric Shape
  7. Formed by unevne curves

    Example: Treetops
    Organic Shape
  8. Dramatic contrast between light & dark; makes figures & forms come dramactically alive. 
    Chiaroscuro Light, Shadow, & Value
  9. Actual & Implied
    Tacticle
    Element of Art: TEXTURE
  10. Hues
    Tints
    Shades
    Element of Art: COLOR
  11. Source for all other colors.
    Red
    Yellow
    Blue
    Primary Color
  12. When two primaries are mixed.
    Orange
    Green
    Purple
    Secondary Color
  13. Directly across from each other on the color wheel.
    Red & Green
    Yellow & Purple
    Orange & Blue
    *Emphasize each other, making them POP!*
    Complentary Colors
  14. Family of colors based on 
    Yellow
    Orange 
    Red
    Warm Colors
  15. Based on 
    Blue
    Purple
    Green
    Cool Colors
  16. Natural human desire
    Balance
  17. General equivalance of shape & position on opposite sides of a central ais; if folded in half, the forms would match. 
    Symmetry Balance
  18. Dependent on an intuitive balancing of visual weights.
    Asymmetrical  Balance
  19. Most common instrument for drawing.
    AKA: Lead/pencil
    Graphite
  20. Drawings with pure, presise lines made by a thin metal wire in a holder. 
    Metalpoint
  21. Making lines & tones that are easily wiped away.
    *When wood is heated until only carbon remains*
    Charcoal
  22. Another drawing material that is soft & requires fixative to be permanently bonded to paper.
    *Made from minerals & clay*
    Chalk
  23. Fabricated chalks are a combination of loose, dry pigments & substance that holds the pigment together. 
    Pastel
  24. Provide artist with an extensive menu of colors, but do not require fixative.
    *Waxy or oily binder*
    Crayon
  25. Nibs with different points & angles are insersted into a holder, depending on the kind of line wanted. 
    Pens
  26. Pointed  ______ can produce a delicate, fine line or a wide, dramatic stroke quickly & elegantly. 
    Brush & Ink
  27. Diluted ink applied wiht a brush to add tonal values to a drawing.
    Wash
  28. A glue-like substance that holds pigment together.
    Binder
  29. A wax coating that resists acid; used in etching.
    Ground
  30. A painting medium in whihc pigments are mixed with egg yolks
    Tempera
  31. Painting technique in use since ancient times.  Pigments & water is brushed directly into fresh, wet plaster.  As plaster dries the pigment is bound into it & litteraly becomes part of the wall itself. 
    Fresco
  32. A water soluble paint that dries quilkly & can be applied to most surfaces. 
    Acrylic 
  33. Transparent paint that is a quick-drying combination of pigment & gum arabic. 
    Watercolor
  34. Combination of ground pigment & oil. 
    Oil
  35. A form of architectural construction in which post or columns support horizontal lines. 
    Post & Lintel
  36. A semicircular construction that both supports the weigh of a buidling & provides an opening. 
    *Usually stone*
    Arch
  37. A round vault forming the roof of a building or structure; typically with a circular base. 
    Domes Arch
  38. A round building or room; esp. with a dome. 
    Rotunda Arch
  39. Ornamental workin a vaulted roof or ceiling. 
    Vaulting
  40. A projecting support of stone or brick built against a wall. 
    Buttresses Arch
  41. A long projecting beam or girger fixed at only one end. 
    Cantilever
  42. Of, relating to, or functioning as a skeleton. 
    Skeletal
  43. The matter from which a thing is or can be made. 
    Materials
  44. Basilica Plan 
  45. Central Plan
  46. Unknown god
    Ka
  47. The practice of Forming ideas, esp. unrealistically. 
    Idealism
  48. A style & theory of representation based on the accurate description of detail. 
    Naturalism
  49. The Vitruvian Man is world - reowened drawing.
    Canon of Proportions
  50. A 19th-Century movement that rejected the idealized historical & mythological subjects of academic Neoclassicism. 
    Realism
  51. The front of a building that looks onto a street or open space. 
    Fascade
  52. The central part of a church building. 
    Nave
  53. Either of the two parts fomring the arms of the cross shape
    *In a cross shaped church*
    Transept 
  54. A passage between rows of seats in a building such as a church, theatre, airplance, ect. 
    Aisles
  55. Upper part of the nave, choir, & transepts of a large church. 
    Clerestory
  56. Large semicircle or polygonal recess in a church. 
    Apse
  57. A vault forming a half cylinder. 
    Barrel Vault 
  58. Produced by the intersection at right. 
    Groin Vault
  59. Buttress slanting form seperate pier, trypically fomring an arch. 
    Flying buttress 
  60. A curved triangle of vaulting formed by the intersection of a dome with supporting arches. 
    Pendentives
  61. Neoclassicism is th ename given to quiet distinct movements in the decorative & visual arts. 
    Classical Revival
  62. A renaissance culture movement that turned away from medieval scholasticism & revived interest in ancient Greek & Rome thought. 
    Humanism
  63. Make unrecongizable by altering its apperance, sound, taste, or smell. 
    Disquised
  64. The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities. 
    Symbolism
  65. The 16th-Century movement for the reform of absuses in the Roman Cathloic Church. 
    Reformation
  66. A category of artistic composition. 
    Genre

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