Massage Review

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Anonymous
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178124
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Massage Review
Updated:
2012-10-16 22:52:09
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massage anatomy
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Massage
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  1. The subcutaneous layer is composed of adipose tissue and remains constant in thickness throughout the bodys lifetime
    False
  2. 75 Percent of the total blood supply of the body is distributed to the skin.
    False
  3. The Renaissance revived an interest in the arts and sciences and once again people became interested in improvement of physical health and appearance
    True
  4. In the human body the elbow is proximal to the wrist
    True
  5. A strain is an injury to a joint that results in the stretching or tearing of ligaments
    false
  6. Pain causes muscle contraction and ischemia thereby causing spasms that causes more pain
    true
  7. Joints are classified according to the amount of motion they permit
    true
  8. The dorsal cavity of the human body contains the stomach,spleen, and pancreas
    false
  9. Serous membranes produce serous fluid, a watery substance that also acts as a lubricant
    true
  10. The adrenal glands are situated ontop of each kidney
    true
  11. The heart is a muscular, conical shaped organ, about the size of a closed fist located in the chest cavity between the lungs and behind the sternum
    true
  12. Intuition is your ability to set positive goals and put forth the energy  and effort required to achive those goals
    false
  13. The degree of tissue repair after injury vaies depending on the location, the type of tissue, and the nature of the damage or injury
    true
  14. In America, The use of the word massage was popularized by a Dutchman, Johann  Georg Mezger
    false
  15. The Romans built public baths , which were available for the very rich, where a brisk rubdown with fragrant oils could be enjoyed following a bath
    false
  16. City licensing laws take precedence over state licensing laws
    false
  17. A hematoma is the result of bleeding  under the epidermis and sometimes deep within  the tissues of the body
    true
  18. acne is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the skin usually related to hormonal changes and overactive sebaceous glands during adolescence
    true
  19. Capillaries are just a single cell thick and are only large enough to pass one blood cell at a time
    true
  20. The medial aspect of an organ means it is the farthest point fronm the origin of the structure
    false
  21. The Ling System of massage is more commonly known as
    The Swedish Movement
  22. An average size adult male (160 pounds) has approximately how many pints of blood?
    11
  23. What is the best defense against transference and ounter transference?
    Maintaining healthy professional boundaries
  24. What organization was the first to become an independent certifyng entity for therapuetic massage and body workers
    NCBTMB
  25. The outer proctective layer of the heart is called the what?
    epicardium
  26. What office would be able to provide information concerning the regulation of massage practices allowed within the state?
    state attorney generals office
  27. What is the scientific study of muscular activity and mechanics of body movement
    Kinesiology
  28. The connective tissue covering of a muscle cell that maintains its parellel position with other cells is called what?
    endomysium
  29. What is the smallest functional unit of the muscle fiber?
    Sarcomere
  30. Predetermined practices that protect the safety of the client and the therapists are called what?
    Professional boundaries
  31. Living cells in the human body differ from one another in all of the following EXCEPT
    • Size
    • Shape
    • Composition
    • Function
  32. The heart is enclosed in a double layered membrane called the what?
    Pericardium
  33. All of the following are classifications of joints according to their structure EXCEPT
    • Fibrous
    • Cartilaginous
    • tenovial
    • synovial
  34. Muscles that are usually attached to bone or other muscle by way of tendons and can be controlled by consious effort are called?
    Skeletal muscle
  35. The single most important book in medical history, Canon Of Medicine made numerous references to the use of massage,exercise, and bathing and was written by who?
    Avicenna
  36. What point of a muscle is generally attached to the more distal aspect of an appendage?
    Insertion
  37. Muscle spasms are considered what when they are sustained over a period of time?
    Tonic
  38. Hairs and nails are considered to be what of the skin?
    Appendages
  39. What is an abnormal and unhealthy state of all of part of the body where in it is not capable of normal functions?
    Disease
  40. A popular Japanese finger pressure technique is called what?
    Shiatsu
  41. Substances move from an area of hogher concentration to an areaof lower concentration
    Diffusion
  42. What concerns the normal functions performed by the various systems of the body ?
    Physiology
  43. What is the fluid component of blood?
    Plasma
  44. What is the prefix meaning above or extreme?
    Hyper-
  45. Which one of the following would be outside the massage therapists scope of practice?
    45 minute counseling session on nutrition
  46. What bones include the carpals and tarsals
    Short
  47. Sports massage services were made available to the atheletes for the first time where?
    Summer Olympics 1984
  48. White blood cells are produced in all of the following EXCEPT

    redbone marrow
    liver
    lymph nodes
    spleen
    Liver
  49. If a muscle can not be contracted or is only contracted very weakly, the muscle tissue will rapidly degenerate and begin to waste away this is called muscle what?
    Atrophy
  50. The science of morphology or structures of an organism or body is known as?
    Anatomy
  51. Thick walled muscular and elastic vessels that transport oxygenated blood from the heart are called?
    Arteries
  52. Deligate personal comfort zones, the realm in which we operate with a sense of safety. What are these called?
    Boundaries
  53. Began in 1943 and is the largest, oldest professional massage association
    AMTA
  54. Electrical impulses are passed from one neuron to another at a junction called a what?
    Synapse
  55. Hormone that Contracts the uterus and helps with milk production.
    Oxytocin
  56. An external swelling, that varies in size, shape and color such as a carcinoma is called a what?
    Tumor
  57. In his writings Hippocrates used the word anatripsis which meant the art of rubbing a part in what direction?
    Upward
  58. The energy for muscle contraction comes from the breakdown of what molecule?
    ATP
  59. The least malignant and most common form of skin cancer is ?
    Basal cell carcinoma
  60.  What type of Bone marrow functions in the creation of red and white blood cells and platelets
    Red
  61. A type of connective tissue that forms a fibrous network under the skin from the top of the skull to the tips of the toes throughout the body is called?
    Fascia
  62. What type of cells work chiefly by producing antibodies
    B
  63. As a cell matures and is nourished it grows in size and eventually divides into two daughter cells this form of cell division is called what?
    mitosis
  64. What is not a reason for supervision?
    You want to share client information with another individual without the patients consent
  65. Massage directly to what kind of cramp or charlie horse is contraindictated?
    Acute
  66. Is spontaneous crying a sign of sexual arousal?
    No
  67. A clear fluid derived from the blood and secreted into the inner cavities or ventricles of the brain is called what?
    CSF
  68. Bone to bone
    Ligaments
  69. The majority of muscle strains occur at the junction between the muscle and the tendon or at the what?
    belly
  70. In 1858 a new york physician introduced Lings methods in 1858 in the United States what was his name?
    Charles Fayette Taylor
  71. The peripheral nervous system divides into the autonomic nervous system and the what nervous system?
    Somatic
  72. Functionally there are three types of nuerons that include all but what?
    Extranuerons
  73. What kind of cells coordinate immune defenses and kill organisms in cells on contact
    T
  74. Present from before birth this type of immunity consists of many non specific facors and blood based immunity from the mother
    Innate immunity
  75. Irrregularly shaped spcaes and filled with red bone marrow
    Spongy
  76. Which joints are immovable
    Synarthrotic
  77. Has admisnistered he National Certification exam for therapeutic massage and bodywork since 1992
    NCBTMB
  78. Where are the islets of langerhans located
    Pancreas
  79. Atherosclerosis
    Contraindicated
  80. Two main categories of membranes
    fibrous connective, epithelial
  81. study of structural and functional damages caused by disease
    Pathology
  82. Slightly movable joint connected by flat disks of fibrocartilage
    Symphysis
  83. Unwittingly endaring the health of a client can get your license suspended
    False
  84. Wrote De Medicina
    Celsus
  85. Located in the brain a nd spinal cord and carry impulses from one nueron to another
    Internuerons
  86. Largest portion of the brain
    Cerebrum
  87. Inflammatory response increased nubers of luekocytes
    Phagocytosis
  88. First introduced by DAvid Palmer in 1985
    Chair Massage
  89. Decreased outpt of insulin
    Diabetes mellitus
  90. Building larger molecules
    Anabolism
  91. Freely movable synovial joint where a rounded bone moves ina  ring of bone
    Pivot
  92. Includes the hypothalamus thalamus pineal and pituatary
    Diencephalon
  93. hip and shoulder
    ball and socket
  94. Correct distribution of bones
    Frontal (1) Parietal (2) Occipital (1) temporal (2) Sphenoid (1) ethmoid (1)
  95. disk shaped carry oxygen
    erthrocytes
  96. wellness sclae (0)
    no percivable sickness
  97. Self attacking self
    Autoimmune disease
  98. White breast meat
    Type II
  99. Years massage has been important part of medicine
    5000
  100. Located in skin and in the  mouth to detect heat or cold
    Thermoreceptors

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