CH.9 Neurologic System

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lacamp11
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178278
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CH.9 Neurologic System
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2012-10-18 21:57:01
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MT PG 161-163 Vocabulary
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  1. Cerebral
    Pertaining to the cerebrum.
  2. Cerebellar
    Pertaining to the cerebellum.
  3. Cerebrospinal
    Pertaining to the cerebrum and spine.
  4. Brachial
    Pertaining to the brachium (arm).
  5. Lumbosacral
    Pertaining to the lumbar vertebrae and the sacrum.
  6. Intervertebral
    Between vertebrae.
  7. Epidural
    Upon the dura mater.
  8. Afferent Neurons
    Carry impulses from the peripheral nervous system toward the central nervous system.
  9. Efferent Neurons
    Carry impulses away from the CNS to the PNS.
  10. Somatic
    Pertaining to the body.
  11. Visceral
    Pertaining to an organ or organs.
  12. Cholinergic
    Function with the neurotransmitter acetylcholine
  13. Sympathomimetic
    Clinically refers to any agent that mimics the sympathetic activity of the autonomic nervous system.
  14. Adrenergic
    Pertaining to adrenal.
  15. Parasympathomimetic
    Clinically refers to any agent that mimics the parasympathetic activity of the autonomic nervous system.
  16. Anticholinergic
    An agent that blocks the effects of acetylcholine.
  17. Parasympatholytic
    An agent that blocks parasympathetic nerve impulses.
  18. Neuroglial
    Supportive structures of the neural tissue.
  19. Astrocyte
    Neuroglial cell that wraps around neurons and blood vessels. Star cells
  20. Oligodendrocyte
    Neuroglial cells that have a few dendritic branches, wrap around neurons, produce myelin.  
  21. Ependymal
    Lines the ventrices of the brain and the central canal of the spinal cord.
  22. Microglial
    Smallest of neuroglial cells. Phagocytize organisms and debris from brain tissue.
  23. Unipolar Neuron
    One pole, one end serves as a dendrite and the other end serves as an axon.
  24. Bipolar Neuron
    Two poles, cell body is located in the middle. Associated with specialized sensory tissue like vision and hearing.
  25. Multipolar Neuron
    Has many projections. Make up most of the motor neurons.
  26. Neuritis
    Inflammation of a nerve or nerves.
  27. Meningitis
    Inflammation of a meninx. (Three membranes of the brain).
  28. Encephalitis
    Inflammation of the brain.
  29. Encephalomyelitis
    Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord.
  30. Subdural hematoma
    blood accumulation under the dura.
  31. Hypoplasia
    A condition of underdevelopment.
  32. Hydrocephalus
    Buildup of CSF inside the brain.
  33. Analgesia
    A state without pain.
  34. Nociceptor
    A pain receptor.
  35. Anesthesia
    A state without sensation.
  36. Hyperesthesia
    A condition of excessive sensation.
  37. Paralysis
    Immobility, loss of motor function.
  38. Paraplegia
    Paralysis of the caudal body limbs.
  39. Tetraplegia
    Paralysis of all four body limbs. AKA: Quadriplegic.
  40. Hemiplegia
    Paralysis of one side of the body.
  41. Monoplegia
    Paralysis of one limb.
  42. Hemiparesis
    Weakness/ partial loss of function of one side of the body.
  43. Ataxia
    Muscular incoordination/ stumbling.
  44. Dysmetria
    Difficult or improper gait.
  45. Hypermetria
    Exaggerated gaited movements.
  46. Olfactory
    Pertaining to smell.
  47. Optic
    Pertaining to vision.
  48. Myelogram
    Recording of the spinal cord.
  49. Electroencephalogram
    Recording of electrical activity of the brain.
  50. Zoonosis
    A disease of animals that can be trasmitted to humans.
  51. Neurotropic
    Nerve influencing.
  52. Dendritic
    dendritic fibers, branched.

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