POLS 1100 Midterm Review (TERMS)

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POLS 1100 Midterm Review (TERMS)
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2012-10-18 23:51:35
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POLS 1100 TERMS
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Political Science 1100 - Midterm review - Terms
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  1. Parliamentary constituency in Kent. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
    St. Augustine 
  2. Organized incorporated territory of the United States
    Old Northwest
  3. Fort established by the French in 1754, at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in what is now downtown
    Pittsburgh in the state of Pennsylvania.
    Ft. Duquesne
  4. Opening battle of the French and Indian War fought on May 28, 1754 near what is present-day Uniontown in Fayette County, Pennsylvania.
    Jumonville Glen
  5. National Battlefield is a National Battlefield Site preserving elements of the Battle of Fort Necessity in Fayette
    Ft. Necessity
  6. Battle in the American Revolution; Americans under Daniel Morgan defeated the British
    Cowpens
  7. The state or attitude of being indulgent or tolerant
    Indulgences
  8. Power and Efficacy of Indulgence commonly known as The Ninety-Five Theses, was written by Martin Luther in 1517 and is widely regarded as the primary catalyst for the Protestant Reformation
    95 Theses
  9. Relating to, or denoting the Church of England or any church in communion with it. 
    Anglicans
  10. Of or relating to or characteristic of Calvinism or its adherents
    Calvinist 
  11. Of, relating to, or denoting a Christian Church or denomination governed by elders
    Presbyterians
  12. Follower of Lutheranism.
    Lutherans
  13. A person who supports the separation of a particular group of people from a larger body on the basis of ethnicity, religion, or gender.
    Separatists
  14. Of or relating to Hesse, its people, or their language.
    Hessians
  15. Free from provincial prejudices or attachments
    Catholics
  16. One of the British colonies that formed the United States.
    Massachusetts Bay
  17. The English branch of the Western Christian Church, which combines Catholic and Protestant traditions, rejects the pope's authority
    Church of England
  18. A system of organization among Christian churches whereby individual local churches are largely self-governing.
    Congregationalism
  19. A church that has accepted the principles of the Reformation, esp. a Calvinist church
    Reformed Church
  20. Of a bishop or bishops
    Episcopal
  21. A town in southeastern Massachusetts; It was the earliest permanent European settlement in New England.
    Plymouth
  22. A person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons.
    Pilgrim
  23. A system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.
    Theocracy
  24. The notion of the social contract implies that the people give up sovereignty to a government or other authority in order to receive
    Social Compact
  25. Absence of government and absolute freedom of the individual, regarded as a political ideal.
    Anarchy 
  26. The body of English law as adopted and modified separately by the different states of the US and by the federal government.
    Common Law
  27. A writ requiring a person under arrest to be
    brought before a judge or into court.
    Habeas Corpus
  28. A state governed by such a group.
    Oligarchy
  29. Many philosophers and political scientists make
    a distinction between natural rights and legal rights
    Natural Rights
  30. A body of unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for all human conduct.
    Natural Laws
  31. A nation under such cruel and oppressive government.
    Tyranny
  32. The lower house of the colonial Virginia legislature.
    House of Burgesses
  33. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.
    Article One, Section Two
  34. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two
    Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.
    Article One, Section Three
  35. The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
    Article One; Section Eight
  36. We the people of the United States, in order to form a more
    perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
    Preamble
  37. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other Bills.
    Article One, Section Seven
  38. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.
    Article One, Section Nine
  39. The United States Constitutional Convention 
    20 Years Compromise
  40. Treaty that officially ended the Revolutionary War on September 3, 1783. It was signed in Paris by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay
    Treay of Pairs 1783
  41. The original constitution of the United States, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
    Articles of Confederation 
  42. A treaty signed in 1763 by France, Spain, and Great
    Britain that ended the Seven Years' War and the French
    and Indian War.
    Treaty of Paris 1763
  43. A document declaring the US to be independent of
    the British Crown, signed on July 4, 1776, by the
    congressional representatives of the Thirteen Colonies, including Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams
    Declaration of Independence 
  44. The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763, by King George III following Great Britain's acquisition of French
    Proclamation of 1763
  45. Public exposure; notoriety.
    Publicity 
  46. Permission for something to happen or agreement to do something.
    Consent
  47. Composed of two legislative bodies
    Bicameralism
  48. The quality or state of being general.
    Generality
  49. Belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.
    Merchantism
  50. A system of government by one person with absolute power
    Autocracy
  51. Supreme power or authority.
    Sovereignty
  52. A person who advocates civil liberty.
    Libertarianism
  53. Political orientation that favors social progress by reform and by changing laws rather than by revolution.
    Liberalism
  54. A sharp narrow ridge found in rugged mountains.
    Arete
  55. A form of government in which power is held by the nobility.
    Artistocracy
  56. Classical republicanism is a form of republicanism developed in the Renaissance inspired by the governmental forms and writings of classical antiquity
    Classical Republicanism
  57. The doctrine that kings derive their authority from God, not from their subjects.
    Divine Right of Kings
  58. Political group made up of American Patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies
    Sons of Liberty 
  59. The committees of correspondence were bodies organized by the local governments of the Thirteen Colonies before the American Revolution for the purposes of coordinating written communication outside of the colonies
    Committees of Correspondence
  60. On March 5, 1770, after provocation, British soldiers fired on a crowd of Boston colonials, killing five men.
    Boston Massacre
  61. Political philosophy which opposes the concept of Federalism.
    Anti-Federalist 
  62. A historic site in southeastern Virginia, on the York River, north of Newport News, site of both the last (October 1781) battle of the American Revolution and a Civil War battle (1862)
    Yorktown
  63. A collection of essays written under the pseudonym “Publius”
    Federalist Papers
  64. The Battle of ____________ was a battle
    fought on March 15, 1781 in Greensboro, the county seat of Guilford County, North Carolina, during the American Revolutionary War
    Gildford Courthouse
  65. Australian arowana: a species of large fish found in Australian rivers.
    Saratoga
  66. Many philosophers and political scientists make a distinction between natural rights and legal rights
    Inalienable Rights
  67. Good sense and sound judgment in practical matters.
    Common Sense
  68. The ________ was a proposal by Virginia delegates
    Virginia Plan
  69. The Connecticut Compromise  was an agreement between large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention
    Great Compromise 
  70. Act of the legislature declaring a person or group of persons
    Bills of Attainder
  71. With retroactive effect or force
    Ex Post Facto
  72. A phrase from the parable of Salt and Light in Jesus' Sermon on the Mount.
    City on a Hill
  73. The letter of the law versus the spirit of the law is an idiomatic antithesis. When one obeys the letter of the law but not the spirit
    Spirit of the Laws
  74. The federal banking authority in the US that performs the functions of a central bank and is used to implement the country's monetary
    Federal Reverse
  75. Applicable to the Present State of the American Colonies
    Thoughts on Government
  76. Western Pennsylvania farmers violently resisted paying the whiskey tax imposed by Hamilton's financial program. In 1794 they threatened to destroy Pittsburgh
    Whiskey Rebellion 
  77. Attack by Nathanial Bacon against American Indians and the colonial government in Virginia.
    Bacon's Rebellion 
  78. Pontiac's War was a war that was launched in 1763 by a loose confederation of elements of Native American tribes primarily from the Great Lakes region, the Illinois Country, and Ohio Country who were dissatisfied with British policies in the Great Lakes region after the British victory
    Pontiac's Rebellion 
  79. 1786 revolt by Massachusetts farmers seeking relief from debt and foreclosure that was a factor in the calling of the Constitutional Convention.
    Shay's Rebellion
  80. Formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
    Impeachment
  81. Manipulate the boundaries of so as to favor one party or class.
    Gerrymandering
  82. The process of redrawing the geographic boundaries of congressional districts, the electoral districts within states from which members of the House of Representatives are elected
    Redistricting
  83. A numbered list.
    Enumeration
  84. Speaker of the House is a political term that refers to various
    legislative positions, mostly in nations that were part of the British
    Speaker of the House
  85. A procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote.
    Cloture
  86. Act in an obstructive manner in a legislature, esp. by speaking at inordinate length
    Filibuster
  87. A tax or similar compulsory payment
    Impost
  88. In the United States, are those powers authorized by a legal document
    Implied Powers
  89. A pardon is the forgiveness of a crime and the
    penalty associated with it. It is granted by a head of state, such as a monarch or president, or by a competent church authority
    Presidential Pardons
  90. A common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior
    jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case.
    Writ of Certiorari
  91. A jury, normally of twenty-three jurors, selected to examine the
    validity of an accusation before trial.
    Grand Jury
  92. The right of a government or its agent to expropriate private property for public use, with payment of compensation.
    Eminent Domain
  93. A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime
    Indicment 
  94. The court system handling civil and criminal cases determined by the Constitution's jurisdictions and federal statutes
    Federal District Court 
  95. A court to which appeals are made on points of law resulting from the judgment of a lower court.
    Courts of Appeals
  96. A large number of people or things.
    Pluraity 
  97. The number by which votes for one candidate in an election are more than those for all other candidates combined.
    Majority
  98. A member of a group of English Protestants of the late 16th and 17th centuries who regarded the Reformation of the Church of England
    Puritans
  99. Based on the first impression; accepted as correct until proved
    otherwise
    Prima Facie 
  100. Relates to potential of an area to host economic minerals
    Prospectivity 
  101. Fair treatment through the normal judicial system,
    esp. as a citizen's entitlement.
    Due Process
  102. Individualism: the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs.
    Laissez-Faire 
  103. The Tea Act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain to expand the British East India Company's monopoly on the tea trade to all British Colonies, selling excess tea at a reduced price
    Tea Act
  104. The Intolerable Acts or the Coercive Acts are names used to describe a series of five laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774
    Intolerable Act
  105. A violent demonstration in 1773 by American colonists before the American Revolution. Colonists boarded vessels in Boston harbor and threw thecargoes of tea into the water in protest at the imposition of a tax on tea by the British Parliament, in which the colonists had no representation
    Boston Tea Party
  106. The ________ of 1765  was a direct tax imposed by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America
    Stamp Act
  107. _________ are judges appointed by a federal level of government as opposed to the state / provincial / local level
    Federal Judges
  108. The highest judicial court in most US states.
    Supreme Court

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