Parliamentary constituency in Kent. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Organized incorporated territory of the United States
Fort established by the French in 1754, at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in what is now downtown
Pittsburgh in the state of Pennsylvania.
Opening battle of the French and Indian War fought on May 28, 1754 near what is present-day Uniontown in Fayette County, Pennsylvania.
National Battlefield is a National Battlefield Site preserving elements of the Battle of Fort Necessity in Fayette
Battle in the American Revolution; Americans under Daniel Morgan defeated the British
The state or attitude of being indulgent or tolerant
Power and Efficacy of Indulgence commonly known as The Ninety-Five Theses, was written by Martin Luther in 1517 and is widely regarded as the primary catalyst for the Protestant Reformation
Relating to, or denoting the Church of England or any church in communion with it.
Of or relating to or characteristic of Calvinism or its adherents
Of, relating to, or denoting a Christian Church or denomination governed by elders
Follower of Lutheranism.
A person who supports the separation of a particular group of people from a larger body on the basis of ethnicity, religion, or gender.
Of or relating to Hesse, its people, or their language.
Free from provincial prejudices or attachments
One of the British colonies that formed the United States.
The English branch of the Western Christian Church, which combines Catholic and Protestant traditions, rejects the pope's authority
Church of England
A system of organization among Christian churches whereby individual local churches are largely self-governing.
A church that has accepted the principles of the Reformation, esp. a Calvinist church
Of a bishop or bishops
A town in southeastern Massachusetts; It was the earliest permanent European settlement in New England.
A person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons.
A system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.
The notion of the social contract implies that the people give up sovereignty to a government or other authority in order to receive
Absence of government and absolute freedom of the individual, regarded as a political ideal.
The body of English law as adopted and modified separately by the different states of the US and by the federal government.
A writ requiring a person under arrest to be
brought before a judge or into court.
A state governed by such a group.
Many philosophers and political scientists make
a distinction between natural rights and legal rights
A body of unchanging moral principles regarded as a basis for all human conduct.
A nation under such cruel and oppressive government.
The lower house of the colonial Virginia legislature.
House of Burgesses
The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.
Article One, Section Two
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two
Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.
Article One, Section Three
The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
Article One; Section Eight
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more
perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other Bills.
Article One, Section Seven
The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.
Article One, Section Nine
The United States Constitutional Convention
20 Years Compromise
Treaty that officially ended the Revolutionary War on September 3, 1783. It was signed in Paris by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay
Treay of Pairs 1783
The original constitution of the United States, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
Articles of Confederation
A treaty signed in 1763 by France, Spain, and Great
Britain that ended the Seven Years' War and the French
and Indian War.
Treaty of Paris 1763
A document declaring the US to be independent of
the British Crown, signed on July 4, 1776, by the
congressional representatives of the Thirteen Colonies, including Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams
Declaration of Independence
The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763, by King George III following Great Britain's acquisition of French
Proclamation of 1763
Public exposure; notoriety.
Permission for something to happen or agreement to do something.
Composed of two legislative bodies
The quality or state of being general.
Belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.
A system of government by one person with absolute power
Supreme power or authority.
A person who advocates civil liberty.
Political orientation that favors social progress by reform and by changing laws rather than by revolution.
A sharp narrow ridge found in rugged mountains.
A form of government in which power is held by the nobility.
Classical republicanism is a form of republicanism developed in the Renaissance inspired by the governmental forms and writings of classical antiquity
The doctrine that kings derive their authority from God, not from their subjects.
Divine Right of Kings
Political group made up of American Patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies
Sons of Liberty
The committees of correspondence were bodies organized by the local governments of the Thirteen Colonies before the American Revolution for the purposes of coordinating written communication outside of the colonies
Committees of Correspondence
On March 5, 1770, after provocation, British soldiers fired on a crowd of Boston colonials, killing five men.
Political philosophy which opposes the concept of Federalism.
A historic site in southeastern Virginia, on the York River, north of Newport News, site of both the last (October 1781) battle of the American Revolution and a Civil War battle (1862)
A collection of essays written under the pseudonym “Publius”
The Battle of ____________ was a battle
fought on March 15, 1781 in Greensboro, the county seat of Guilford County, North Carolina, during the American Revolutionary War
Australian arowana: a species of large fish found in Australian rivers.
Many philosophers and political scientists make a distinction between natural rights and legal rights
Good sense and sound judgment in practical matters.
The ________ was a proposal by Virginia delegates
The Connecticut Compromise was an agreement between large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention
Act of the legislature declaring a person or group of persons
Bills of Attainder
With retroactive effect or force
Ex Post Facto
A phrase from the parable of Salt and Light in Jesus' Sermon on the Mount.
City on a Hill
The letter of the law versus the spirit of the law is an idiomatic antithesis. When one obeys the letter of the law but not the spirit
Spirit of the Laws
The federal banking authority in the US that performs the functions of a central bank and is used to implement the country's monetary
Applicable to the Present State of the American Colonies
Thoughts on Government
Western Pennsylvania farmers violently resisted paying the whiskey tax imposed by Hamilton's financial program. In 1794 they threatened to destroy Pittsburgh
Attack by Nathanial Bacon against American Indians and the colonial government in Virginia.
Pontiac's War was a war that was launched in 1763 by a loose confederation of elements of Native American tribes primarily from the Great Lakes region, the Illinois Country, and Ohio Country who were dissatisfied with British policies in the Great Lakes region after the British victory
1786 revolt by Massachusetts farmers seeking relief from debt and foreclosure that was a factor in the calling of the Constitutional Convention.
Formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
Manipulate the boundaries of so as to favor one party or class.
The process of redrawing the geographic boundaries of congressional districts, the electoral districts within states from which members of the House of Representatives are elected
A numbered list.
Speaker of the House is a political term that refers to various
legislative positions, mostly in nations that were part of the British
Speaker of the House
A procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote.
Act in an obstructive manner in a legislature, esp. by speaking at inordinate length
A tax or similar compulsory payment
In the United States, are those powers authorized by a legal document
A pardon is the forgiveness of a crime and the
penalty associated with it. It is granted by a head of state, such as a monarch or president, or by a competent church authority
A common law writ issued by a superior court to one of inferior
jurisdiction demanding the record of a particular case.
Writ of Certiorari
A jury, normally of twenty-three jurors, selected to examine the
validity of an accusation before trial.
The right of a government or its agent to expropriate private property for public use, with payment of compensation.
A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime
The court system handling civil and criminal cases determined by the Constitution's jurisdictions and federal statutes
Federal District Court
A court to which appeals are made on points of law resulting from the judgment of a lower court.
Courts of Appeals
A large number of people or things.
The number by which votes for one candidate in an election are more than those for all other candidates combined.
A member of a group of English Protestants of the late 16th and 17th centuries who regarded the Reformation of the Church of England
Based on the first impression; accepted as correct until proved
Relates to potential of an area to host economic minerals
Fair treatment through the normal judicial system,
esp. as a citizen's entitlement.
Individualism: the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs.
The Tea Act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain to expand the British East India Company's monopoly on the tea trade to all British Colonies, selling excess tea at a reduced price
The Intolerable Acts or the Coercive Acts are names used to describe a series of five laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774
A violent demonstration in 1773 by American colonists before the American Revolution. Colonists boarded vessels in Boston harbor and threw thecargoes of tea into the water in protest at the imposition of a tax on tea by the British Parliament, in which the colonists had no representation
Boston Tea Party
The ________ of 1765 was a direct tax imposed by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America
_________ are judges appointed by a federal level of government as opposed to the state / provincial / local level