CVA 101 General Veterinary Assistance

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CVA 101 General Veterinary Assistance
2012-10-19 03:31:29
CVA 101 General Veterinary Assistance

CVA Level 1, Course 101 - General Veterinary Assistance (I can't promise the spelling is perfect)
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  1. Antiseptic
    A chemical agent applied to living tissue to prevent growth and reproduction of micoorganism
  2. Colic
    • Acute abdominal pain
    • A syndrome caused by severe paroxysmal pain due to disease of an abdominal organ
  3. Corona
    • Dogs: A virus that causes vomiting and diarrhea  similar to parvo but not as deadly.
    • Felines: Corona viruses are very common and cause a mild dirrhea but one strain, Feline Infectious Peritonitis, is fatal in later stages
  4. Disinfectant
    A chemical agent applied to inanimate surfaces to kill pathogenic (disease causing) microorganisms
  5. Distemper
    A viral infection affecting several species that is characterized in dogs by discharges from eyes and nose, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing and seizures
  6. Fomite
    • An object that can be contaminated which aids in the spread of the microorganisms
    • Examples- shoes, bowls, leashes, litter pans, surfaces of cages, brooms, and mops
  7. Heartworm
    The common name for Dirofilaria Immitis
  8. Immunity
    (functional or protective)
    The condition of being immune; security against a particular disease; non suscepibility to the invasive or pathogenic effects of microorganisms or helminth parasites or to the toxis effect of antigenic substancees.
  9. Immunity
    (humoral and cell-mediated)
    Responsiveness to antigen that leads to more rapid binding or elimination of antigen than in the nonimmune state
  10. Immunity
    The capacity to distinguish foreign material from itself, and to neutralize, eliminate, or metabolize that which is foreign by the pshysiological mechanisms of the immune response
  11. Passive Immunity
    the protection that is transferred from one animal (or person) that has specific antibodies to an antigen that the recipient may not have and the antibodies are transferred as performed antibodies. This transfer can tak eplace through teh placenta, the mother's colostrum (first milk), a blood or plasma transfusion, or an injection of gamma globulin.
  12. Active Immunity
    The development of antibody protection in response to vaccination or natural infection
  13. Parvo / Parvovirus
    • A Viral infection which may affect cattle, dogs, cats, and swine.
    • Dogs: Most commonly seen in dogs in which the clinical signs are vomiting and diarrhea, often with blood, high fever, and dehydration.
    • Felines: the disease is known as feline panleucopenia which is also a vomiting and dirrhea disease
  14. Rabies
    A highly fatal viral infection of the nervous system which affects all warm-blooded animal species. Rabies is one of the most important zoonoses because of the inevitably fatal outcome for the infected human
  15. Ringworm
    A fungal or dermatophyte of the superificial layers of the skin and hair fibers. The infection is very superficial in cats and dogs but the disease is highly contagious causing ringworm. Children and immunosuppressed individuals can be severly affected.
  16. Scabies
    An intensely puritic dermatitis caused by the acarid mite. Most mites are species specific but can be incomplete causing a mild transient infection in humans
  17. Vaccination
    The introduction of a vaccine, which may be attenuated, modified live culture, or reactive parts of the virus or bacteria, into the body to produce an immunity to the specific disease
  18. Veterinarian (DVM)
    A person trained and authorized to practice veterinary medicine and surgery; A Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
  19. Acid detergents
    Remove dried urine particles on equipment and cages
  20. Acid detergents
    Corrosive; potential health hazards; need to remove residual detergent by rinsing with water
  21. Alkaline detergents
    Remove oils left on surfaces from food, fecal material, or animal skin and hair
  22. Alkaline detergents
    Separate fat molecules so you can remove by rinsing
  23. Iodine
    Sanitizes equipment, utensils, and skin
  24. Iodine
    Stable; irritates skinn less and corrodes metals less than otehr products; bactericide; sporocide; may stain
  25. Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (Quats)
    Kill enveloped viruses (feline rhinotracheitis)
  26. Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (Quats)
    Noncorrosive; nontoxic; can cause skin irritation; may leave a residual coating on hard surfaces that inhibits bacterial growth; can leave olily film
  27. Phenols
    Kills enveloped viruses
  28. Phenols
    Bactericidal; fungicidal; virucidal (enveloped viruses); toxic to cats; cause skin and mucous membrane irritation; leave residual activity; corrosive
  29. Products containing chlorine (such as bleach)
    Kills enteroviruses (parvovirus, coronavirus)
  30. Products containing chlorine (such as bleach)
    Effective against many viruses, bacteria and fungi; have deodorizer activity; inexpensive; may be corrosive; may irritate skin and respiratory tract; whiten materials
  31. List seven areas of the typical veterinary clinic or practice that must be kept clean and orderly
    • Front desk, waiting area
    • Exam rooms
    • Treatment areas
    • Parking Lot
    • Backyard
    • Isolation
    • Kennels
  32. Every examination room, including the _______,  _______, and _______ must be cleaned between each patient.
    Table, Floor, Counter top
  33. One of the first impressions a client has of your place of business is _______ and the _______.
    cleanlinesss, odor
  34. The clinic needs to have an adequate _______ system to help with the _______ problem.
    ventilation, odor
  35. It is very help _______ and weekly _______ of _______ tasks.
    daily, checklists, cleaning
  36. In the front office / waiting area, make sure _______ and _______ are put away or stacked neatly. Organization is a good practice as it relates both to _______ and to _______.
    paperwork, files, appearance, function
  37. Make sure that files are _______ correctly and filed in a _______ manner.
    alphabetized, timely
  38. The front area floors shoudl be _______ regularly and any patient's _______ or _______ should be cleaned immediately.
    swept, urine, feces
  39. Make sure hands are _______ before restraining patients.
    washed thoroughly
  40. The _______ used for weighing patients should be _______ after each patient.
    scales, cleaned
  41. The parking lot is an area that is often _______ when cleaning up.
  42. Whenever the _______ are walked, the _______ should be picked up frequently. This helps keep _______ from spreading and also keeps the dogs _______.
    dogs, feces, disease, cleaner
  43. An _______ ward must be cleaned often. This ward is the area where animals or suspected of having a highly _______ diseas such as _______ _______ or _______ are housed.
    isolation, diagnosed, contigaious, feline leukemia, parvo
  44. If a hospitialized patient is shedding a _______, it is necessary to clean frequently to keep other animals from _______ the _______.
    virus, ingesting, virus
  45. It is a good idea to have a shallow tub of _______ water near the _______ ward exit, so the attendant can _______ into it to kill any disease organisms on the shoes.
    bleach, isolation, step
  46. The abreviation "OSHA" stands for_______ _______ and _______ _______.
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
  47. The letters "PPE" stand for _______ _______ _______.
    Personal Protective Equipment
  48. List six articles that might be classified as PPE.
    Gloves, Goggles, apron, boots, ventiliation, face shield, lead gloves, lead apron, thyroid collar, dust mask, ear plugs
  49. List six situations in which OSHA might recommend the use of PPE
    Bathing, Pest Management, Dentistry, X-Ray, Pouring anesthetic gas liquids, Cleaning litter boxes, Preparation of lab samples, Pouring liquids, Lifting heavy objects, Kennel
  50. Some equipment used in the veterinary clinic may pose a safety risk to you if not used with caution. The _______, for example, can get very hot and you should take care not to burn yourself when working around it. You should always allow it to _______ before opening the unit's door.
    autoclave, vent
  51. The _______, a device for rotating sample tubes at high speed, is another common piece of equipment in the veterinary clinic. You should always close the lid before _______ it, adn never _______ it while the unit is running.
    centrifuge, starting, open
  52. If you need to pick up an animal or other weighty object, alway sbend at the _______.
  53. When lifting or carrying an animal, place one arm under the animal's _______ and the other arm behind its _______.
    front legs, back legs
  54. All animals should be kept on a _______ or in a _______ to prevent escapees.
    leash, carrier
  55. When assisting a veterinarian witha feline patient, it is important to restrain the _______ and _______.
    head, paws
  56. _______ is one of your most important jobs when working in a clinic.
  57. Do not attempt to handle a _______ or _______ animal without assistance.
    fractious, aggressive
  58. Muzzling is safer for the _______, _______, _______, and owner.
    pet, veterinarian, assistance
  59. Excessive exposure to _______ can cause _______ and _______.
    radiation, burns, cancer
  60. When using x-rays, you must wear procteving equipment including _______ _______, _______, and _______ collar.
    lead apron, gloves, thyroid
  61. There can also be hazards related to _______ of drugs. When counting pills, always use a _______ tray, not your _______.
    handling, counting, hands
  62. Every clining has MSDS, or _______ _______ _______ _______.
    Material Safety Data Sheets
  63. Always thoroughly wash your hands after handling any _______.
  64. If not working properly, the _______ machine can leak _______ gases into the clinic.
    Anesthetic, anesthetic
  65. If you are _______or planning to become _______ in teh near future, you should avoid the radiology machine, certain medicaitons, and other hazards in the clinic.
    pregnant, pregnant
  66. True or False: Zoonotic diseases are bacterial or viral infections that animals get through exposure to their owners.
  67. True or False: Rabies is an RNA virus known as rhabdovirus
  68. True or False: The incubation period of a disease is the period of time that elapses between exposure and onset of actual disease symptoms and clinical signs
  69. True or False: Rabies is a viral encephalitis, which emans it is a virus that causes inflammation of the joints
  70. True or False:You should try to answer an animal owner's questions as best you can, even when your are not sure of the answers.
  71. True or False: Mange is a disease caused by micosopice parasites known as mites
  72. True or False: Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a type of hookworkm known as Toxoplasma gondii.
  73. True or False: Roundworms are a serious infection in animals, but pose no threat to humans.
  74. True or False: If a human is exposed to toxoplasmosis, infection is almost certain unless the person has a weekened immune system
  75. True or False: Feline leukemia virus can be shed in teh saliva, but is mostly spread in teh feces and never spreads transmammary to kittens.
  76. True or False: When humans are infected with hookworms, the disease is known as cutaneous larval migrans.
  77. True or False: For many hears, heartworm disease was known only in cats, but recently it has been found to be fatal in dogs as well.
  78. True or False: Canine parvovirus enteritis is a disease transmitted when a animal injests feces containing the disease bacteria shed by an infected animal.
  79. True or False: Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) has a mortality rate of almost 100 percent.
  80. True or False: Some cats can have the feline leukemia virus on their bodies, but never get sick
  81. True or False: The parvo organism can live in the ideal environment for months.
  82. True or False: Feline distemper and infectious feline entreritis are other names for the disease known as panleukopenia.
  83. True or False: The head or brain of an animal to be tested for rabies must be kept within a temperature range of -32 to -45 degrees F.
  84. True or False: If a pet bites a human, it must be kept in quarantine for a peroid of not more than five days to see if it develops clinical signs of rabies.
  85. True or False: Cats can get sarcoptic mange when exposed to the mite that causes the condition in dogs.
  86. True or False: If an animal has been properly vaccinated, you can be 100 percent sure it will never develop the disease for which it was vaccinated.
  87. True or False: Skunks, raccooons, bats, foxes, and coyotes are wild creatures, and as such, have a natural immunity to rabies and never get the disease.
  88. True or False: Animal sare at higher risk of infection if they are housed in close quarters with several other animals.
  89. True or False: Sarcoptic mange is contagious to other dogs and humans.
  90. True or False: Counseling clients on the possible chances of infections from thier animals is a very important part of the technician's job ina  veterinary clinic.
  91. True or False: The emotions experience by a person who has lost a beloved animal companion are far different than those experienced by someone who has lost a member of their human family.
  92. True or False: Some people think of their animals simply as property, somewhat like owning a car.
  93. True or False: Euthanasia should be performed only in the regular examination room.
  94. True or False: Some people regard animal ownership as a serious responsiblity and do everything necessary to ensure the animla's health and well-being.
  95. True or False: It is a waste of time to deal with clients' possible emotional attachments to thier animal companions; it is highly inefficient and nothing good can come of it.
  96. True or False: As a technician, your behavior torward a client's animal should balways be humane and professional, tempered by your observations of the client's own attitude about animals.
  97. True or False: It is foolish to thing that anyone would regard thir pet as a "little person with fur".
  98. True or False: When an animal's prognosis is grave, it is best to adopt a jovial, light-hearted attituee with the owner, perhaps telling jokes and laughing.
  99. True or False: The impression a client develops of you and the clinic during a crisis situation will be soon forgotten, so you shouldn't let it concern you.
  100. True or False: As a whole, our society is becoming more attached to its companion animals and treating them more like members of the family, a trend that has accerlerated in the past 50 years.
  101. Contaminated reusable sharps must be placed in containers which are:
    • puncture resistant
    • labeled or coded
    • leakproof on sides and bottom
    • in accordance with requirements for reusable sharps
  102. The sharps containers are used to prevent leaking during:
    • handling
    • processing
    • storage
    • transport
    • shipping
  103. Containers for contaminated sharps shall be:
    • easily accessible and as close as possible to area sharps are used
    • maintained upright
    • replaced routinely, not overfilled
  104. When moving containers of contaminated sharps from the area of use, the containers shall be:
    • closed to prevent spillage
    • placed in secondary container if leakage is possible
  105. List at least four items that woudl be classified as a "sharps" object:
    • microscope slides
    • hypodermic needles
    • scalpel blades
    • broken glass
  106. Antibody
    Protein produced by the body's immune system in response to a harmful substance
  107. Antigen
    Substance that causes your body to produce antibodies
  108. True or False: Disinfectants that contain Phenols are safe to use around cats.
  109. True or False: Preparing a sample for rabies testing includes freezing the sample prior to shipping.
  110. True or False: Distemper is a highly contagious viral disease of the canine respiratory tract.
  111. True or False: Sarcoptic Mange is also known as "Scabies".
  112. What are some clinical signs of parvovirus?
    • Anorexia
    • Fever
    • Depression
    • Bloody Diarrhea
  113. True or False: Roccal-D is a quaternary ammonium compound
  114. True or False: Hookworms are zoonotic parasites that can be passed by skin penetration, transmammary, in utero, or by ingestion of eggs.
  115. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease that affects the _______, _______, and _______ _______.
    liver, kidney, respiratory tract
  116. Cranial
    torwards the head
  117. post
  118. caudal
    towards the back (tail)
  119. ventral
    towards the underside (chest)
  120. medial
    towards the middle, or midline
  121. dorsal
    towards the back
  122. -itis
  123. -ology
    the study of
  124. caprine
  125. gastro-
  126. bovine
  127. equine
  128. cardio-
  129. feline
  130. -pathy
    disease of a particular organ
  131. -ectomy
    to cut out
  132. -tomy
    to cut into
  133. -ostomy
    to form a new opening
  134. -plasty
    surgical repair
  135. -scope
    instrument to view something
  136. -centesis
    to tap with a needle
  137. -algia
    refers to pain
  138. hepato-
    pertains to liver
  139. cyto-
    pertains to cells
  140. General Supervision
    Veterinarian must be readily available to communicate (phone, text, email, etc. )
  141. Immediate Supervision
    Veterinarian must be within audible and visual range (same room)
  142. Direct Supervision
    Veterinarian must be on the premises (Somewhere in the clinic)