CNA Chapter 14 Vocabulary

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CNA Chapter 14 Vocabulary
2012-10-19 13:38:20
CNA Nursing Assisting Hartman 3rd Edition

Nutrition & Fluid Balance
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  1. Apathy
    a lack of interest
  2. Diet Cards
    cards thatlist residents' names and information about special diets, allergies, likes & dislikes, and any other dietary instructions
  3. Diuretics
    medications that reduce fluid volume in the body
  4. Fasting
    a period of time during which food is given up voluntarily
  5. Fluid Balance
    taking in and eliminating equal amounts of fluid
  6. Fluid Overload
    a condition in which the body cannot eliminate the fluid consumed
  7. Force Fluids
    a medical order for a person to drink more fluids
  8. Glucose
    natural sugar
  9. Graduate
    a measuring container for measuring fluid volume
  10. Input
    the fluid a person consumes; also called intake
  11. Intake
    the fluid a person consumes; also called input
  12. Lactose Intolerance
    inability of the body to degest lactose, a type of sugar found in milk and other dairy products
  13. Metabolism
    the process of breaking down and transforming all nutrients that enter the body to provide energy, growth, & maintenance
  14. Nutrient
    substance in food that enables the body to use energy for metabolism
  15. Nutrition
    taking in and using food by the body to maintain health
  16. Output
    fluid that is eliminated each day through urine, feces, & vomitus, as well asperspiration; also includes suction material and wound drainage
  17. Puree
    to chop, blend, or grind food into a thick paste of baby food consistency
  18. Restrict Fluids
    a medical order that limits the amount of fluids a person takes in
  19. Special Diet
    a diet for people who have certain illnesses or conditions; also called therapeutic or modified diet
  20. Vegans
    vegetarians who do not eat any animal products, including milk, cheese, other dairy items, or eggs; vegans may also ot use or wear any animal products, including wool, silk, and leather
  21. Vegetarians
    people who do not eat meat, fish, or poultry for religious, moral, personal, or health reasons; they may or may not eat eggs and dairy products