ANSC 100

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  1. Health (Dorland's Medical Dictonary)
    • The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease or abnormality
    • A state of dynamic balance in which an individual's capacity to cope with all the circumstances of living is at an optimum level
    • A state characterized by anatomical and physiological integrity
  2. WHO definition of Health
    Health is a state of complete physical, mental and socail well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
  3. Disease (Dorland's Medical Dictionary)
    • Literally "dis-ease", the opposite of "at ease", when something is wrong with a bodily function
    • An interruption, cessation, or disorder of body functions, systmes or organs
    • A morbid entity characterized by at least two of these criteria: recognized etiologic agent(s), identifiable group of signs & symptoms or consistent anatomical alteration.
  4. Health Practically
    • Growth
    • Reproduction
    • Behaviour
    • All "Normal" for species and type of animal
  5. Livestock
    • Must:
    • grow rapidly
    • reproduce efficiently
    • produce more milk then young need
    • gain lean weight efficiently
    • work harder than required in natural environment
    • provide healthy, (non-infectious) food for humans
  6. Companion Animals
    • Potential for sharing diseases
    • Infectious; salmonella
    • Non-infectious: Second-hand smoke, obesity
    • Sentinel for diseases
  7. Citizens of developed countries are cutting back on meat for medical and ethical reasons
    Per capita meat production in developing countries is rising rapidly (400% increase in China in ast 40 years)
  8. Animal Food Safety and Trade
    • Government subsidies of own countries' agriculture production is a barrier to free trade
    • Animal Helath and safety issues are another barrier to free trade
  9. AARD
    • Alberta Agriculure and Rural Development
    • Provincial responsibilty for Animal Welfare laws, Animal Health Act, etc
    • Most provinces have a "Chief Provincial Vet."
    • Operates within AARD (Food Safety and Animal Health Division)
  10. Participants in the Animal Health Framework
    • 1 People on the front lines of animal production unit, animal habitat, or companion animal owners
    • 2 Veterinarians and other sources of professional care and advice for health-related inssues
    • 3 Federal, provincial, local animal health and public health authorities
    • 4 International collaborations among agencies, organizations, governments
    • 5 Supporting institutions, industries and organizations
    • 6 Others - wide range! (pet supply, media, human public health, etc)
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ANSC 100
2012-10-20 17:31:14
First Lectures

First lectures
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