Restorative Art I Test 3

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studytaz
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178618
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Restorative Art I Test 3
Updated:
2012-10-20 21:19:37
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Facial Markings
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Restorative Art I Test 3
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  1. Describe a linear crevice on the skin.
    Furrow

    accompanied by bordering elevations;

    a wrinkle;

    they may appear as fine tracings in the skin which are barely visible
  2. Describe an eminence.
    A prominence, projection, protrusion, bump or bulge;

    an eminence may be described as the opposite of a sulcus
  3. Describe the bucco-facial sulci
    Acquired

    This is a vertical and slightly curved furrow in the soft tissues of the cheek;

    it usually originates above the line of lip closure and may extend slightly below the line of lip closure
  4. Describe the chords of the neck.
    Acquired

    May be single and convex (turkey wattle);

    or in pairs with a concavity in the middle (associated with the digastricus muscle);

    the folds of the skin are always vertical in direction;

    they may appear as vertical convex ridges;

    found only on older persons
  5. Describe the feature below the chin
    Submental Sulcus

    Natural

    Lies at the junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area;

    may develop into an acquired furrow
  6. Describe the feature just medial to the nasolabial fold
    Nasal Sulcus

    Natural

    The small angular area formed by the posterior margin of the nasal wing and the superior end of the naso labial fold.
  7. Describe the mandibular sulci.
    Mandibular Sulci

    Acquired

    This acquired feature originates below the jaw line and extends upward on each cheek;

    they are lateral to the nasolabial fold
  8. Describe the nasal sulcus
    Nasal Sulcus

    Natural

    The small angular area formed by the posterior margin of the nasal wing and the superior end of the naso labial fold.
  9. Describe the prominence of the anterior part of the cheek.
    Naso Labial Fold

    Natural

    A prominence of the anterior part of the cheek;

    it runs from the superior margin of the nasal wing, to the side of the mouth;

    it usually disappears at the line of lip closure
  10. Give the proper name for crow’s feet
    Optical Facial Sulci

    Acquired

    they radiate form the lateral end of the eye;

    they may appear straight or curved
  11. Name the lines that appear across the forehead.
    Transverse Frontal Sulci

    Acquired

    The furrows across the forehead which may appear as fine tracings;

    they may mimic the form of the eye brows;

    they often vary in direction and spacing; the medial curvature may dip or arc
  12. What are the fine vertical furrows of the mucous membrane and integumentary lip?
    Labial Sulci

    Acquired

    Fine vertical furrows which cross the mucous membrane and are part of the integumentary lip;

    furrows of age
  13. What feature is formed by the junction of the lower lip and chin?
    Labiomental Sulcus

    Natural

    It is formed by the junction of the lower lip and chin;

    its linear form is and arc;

    an acquired furrow may develop at the same location
  14. What feature is in the middle of the upper integumentary lip?
    Philtrum

    Natural

    Is the vertical grove on the central plane of the upper lip, it is very shallow, it resembles a parenthesis, the philtrum may be obscured in old age
  15. What feature is lateral to the angulus oris sulcus?
    Angulus Oris Eminence

    Natural

    A small convex prominence which begins on the upper integumentary lip;

    it begins medially (and superiorly) to the line of lip closure;

    it moves obliquely downward and disappears;

    it has no definite borders; 

    its presence is essential to proper mouth expression
  16. What feature is only visible when we smile?
    Dimples

    Natural

    Shallow depressions found in the soft tissues of the cheeks or chin;

    may have two forms round or vertical;

    a dimple on the chin is always visible;

    dimples on the cheeks are only visible when smiling
  17. What is a sulcus
    Used to describe a furrow, wrinkle, or grove;

    it is a depression or indentation, a sulcus may be considered the opposite of an eminence
  18. What is an elongated depression?
    Groove…

    An elongated depression on a surface plane of the face

     
  19. What is an elongated prominence?
    Fold…

    An elongated prominence of flesh; it abuts convexly against an adjacent surface;

    it is also used to describe sagging tissue between two furrows
  20. What is on either side of the line of mouth closure?
    Angulus Oris Sulcus

    Natural

    A small triangular shaped depression immediately adjacent to the line of lip closure;

    it recedes into the depth of the line of lip closure
  21. What is the furrow of the (closed) upper eye lid?
    Superior Palpebral Sulcus

    Acquired

    The furrow of the upper attached margin of the (closed) upper eye lid;

     it may be continuous or only partially present
  22. What is the furrow of the (open or closed) lower eye lid?
    Inferior Palpebral Sulcus

    Acquired

    The furrow of the lower attached border of the (open or closed) lower eye lid;

    it will be shorter than the superior palpebral sulcus
  23. What is the proper name for greatly dipping furrows of the neck?
    Platysmal Sulci

    Acquired

    A double chin; the greatly dipping furrows of the neck;

    they appear across the neck and often extend upward;

    they may vary in length
  24. What is the shallow groove below the inner canthus of the eye?
    Oblique Palpebral Sulcus

    Natural

    A shallow curving grove originating below the inner canthus of the eye;

    a darkened groove it moves oblique downward and lateral in direction
  25. What marking appears between the eyebrows?
    Intercillary Sulci

    Acquired

    Vertical or horizontal markings between the eyebrows;

    transverse intercillary sulci often indicate concentration;

    vertical intercillary sulci often are used to indicate frowning
  26. Furrow
    A linear crevice in the skin accompanied by bordering elevations;

    a wrinkle;

    they may appear as fine tracings in the skin which are barely visible
  27. Groove
    An elongated depression on a surface plane of the face
  28. Fold
    An elongated prominence of flesh;

    it abuts convexly against an adjacent surface;

    it is also used to describe sagging tissue between two furrows
  29. Sulcus
    Used to describe a furrow, wrinkle, or grove;

    it is a depression or indentation, a sulcus may be considered the opposite of an eminence
  30. Eminence
    A prominence, projection, protrusion, bump or bulge;

    an eminence may be described as the opposite of a sulcus
  31. Philtrum

    Natural
    Is the vertical grove on the central plane of the upper lip, it is very shallow, it resembles a parenthesis, the philtrum may be obscured in old age
  32. Naso Labial Fold

    Natural
    A prominence of the anterior part of the cheek;

    it runs from the superior margin of the nasal wing, to the side of the mouth;

    it usually disappears at the line of lip closure
  33. Nasal Sulcus

    Natural
    The small angular area formed by the posterior margin of the nasal wing and the superior end of the naso labial fold.
  34. Oblique Palpebral Sulcus

    Natural
    A shallow curving grove originating below the inner canthus of the eye;

    a darkened groove it moves oblique downward and lateral in direction
  35. Angulus Oris Sulcus

    Natural
    A small triangular shaped depression immediately adjacent to the line of lip closure;

    it recedes into the depth of the line of lip closure
  36. Angulus Oris Eminence

    Natural
    A small convex prominence which begins on the upper integumentary lip;

    it begins medially (and superiorly) to the line of lip closure;

    it moves obliquely downward and disappears;

    it has no definite borders;

      its presence is essential to proper mouth expression
  37. Labiomental Sulcus

    Natural
    It is formed by the junction of the lower lip and chin;

    its linear form is and arc

    an acquired furrow may develop at the same location
  38. Submental Sulcus

    Natural
    Lies at the junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area;

    may develop into an acquired furrow
  39. Dimples

    Natural
    Shallow depressions found in the soft tissues of the cheeks or chin;

    may have two forms round or vertical;

    a dimple on the chin is always visible;

    dimples on the cheeks are only visible when smiling
  40. Nasolabial Sulcus

    Acquired
    A furrow which may develop along the medial margin of the nasolabial fold;

    it originates from the superior margin of the nasal wing
  41. Transverse Frontal Sulci

    Acquired
    The furrows across the forehead which may appear as fine tracings;

    they may mimic the form of the eye brows;

    they often vary in direction and spacing;

    the medial curvature may dip or arc
  42. Intercillary Sulci

    Acquired
    Vertical or horizontal markings between the eyebrows;

    transverse intercillary sulci often indicate concentration;

    vertical intercillary sulci often are used to indicate frowning
  43. Optical Facial Sulci

    Acquired
    Crow’s feet;

    they radiate form the lateral end of the eye;

    they may appear straight or curved
  44. Superior Palpebral Sulcus

    Acquired
    The furrow of the upper attached margin of the (closed) upper eye lid;

     it may be continuous or only partially present
  45. Inferior Palpebral Sulcus

    Acquired
    The furrow of the lower attached border of the (open or closed) lower eye lid;

    it will be shorter than the superior palpebral sulcus
  46. Chords of the Neck

    Acquired
    May be single and convex (turkey wattle);

    or in pairs with a concavity in the middle (associated with the digastricus muscle);

    the folds of the skin are always vertical in direction;

    they may appear as vertical convex ridges;

    found only on older persons
  47. Bucco-Facial Sulci

    Acquired
    This is a vertical and slightly curved furrow in the soft tissues of the cheek;

    it usually originates above the line of lip closure and may extend slightly below the line of lip closure
  48. Mandibular Sulci

    Acquired
    This acquired feature originates below the jaw line and extends upward on each cheek;

    they are lateral to the nasolabial fold
  49. Platysmal Sulci

    Acquired
    A double chin; the greatly dipping furrows of the neck;

    they appear across the neck and often extend upward;

    they may vary in length
  50. Labial Sulci

    Acquired
    Fine vertical furrows which cross the mucous membrane and are part of the integumentary lip;

    furrows of age
  51. Donnas Pal
    • Dimples
    • Oblique Palpebral Sulcus
    • Nasal Sulcus
    • Naso Labial Fold
    • Angulus Oris Sulcus
    • Submental Sulcus

    • Philtrum
    • Angulus Oris Eminence
    • Labiomental Sulcus

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