Mus 110

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Mus 110
2012-10-22 22:06:02
Mus 110

vocabulary for printed handouts
Show Answers:

  1. What is a hocket?
    Hocket is creates interlocking sonic wave when short individual pitches of a melody are played separately and successively. The activity requires group's participation
  2. What is a motet?
    from the Renaissance comprises of a sacred song form with Latin lyrics
  3. Is motet a form of homophony or imitation in polyphonic works?
    a motet is an interplay of homophony and imitation in polyphonic works
  4. What is a madrigal?
    A madrigal is a SECULAR song sung by amateur musicians in the Renaissance. The emotional and overdramatic lyrics allow for "word painting"
  5. What are two examples of interplay of homophony and imitation in polyphonic works?
    madrigal and motet
  6. What time period was the middle ages?
  7. What time period was the Renaissance?
  8. Which period happened during the 600-850?
    the Gregorian Chant
  9. When did the Baroque Era occur?
  10. Name the periods in order from past to present.
    Middle Ages, Gregorian Chant, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Classical, Romantic, Post-Romantic/Impressionist, 20th c
  11. When was the Rococo Period?
  12. When was the Classical Period?
  13. When was the Romantic Period?
  14. When was the Impressionist Era?
  15. Describe texture
    Texture is the weaving of musical fabric such as the thinness or thickness of sound
  16. Describe timbre
    Timbre is how the texture is colored. It is usually described as the sharpness, clear, or vibrant sound.
  17. What is monophony?
    Monophony is a solo or a soli singing the same melody
  18. What is heterophony?
    variations of the same song being sung at the same time which creates "thick unison"
  19. music possessing two individual separate lines or parts
  20. What is biophony?
    in the diaphony category and is a single instrument that can produce two different pitches simultaneously
  21. Give two examples of diaphony
    • a melody with a drone
    • a duet
  22. What is polyphony?
    Many voices that have equal part importances often refer to as counterpoint.
  23. What are the three types of counterpoint?
    parallel motion, contrary motion, and oblique
  24. Which category of oblique, parallel, or contrary motions does diaphonic falls into?
  25. What is countrapuntal polyphony?
    two equally important melodies played against each other in a single song.
  26. Describe homophony
    Homophony occurs in a situation where one melody line DOMINATES the other voice. It is often a solo being accompanied by other voices
  27. What is homorhythm?
    when accompanying voices move together as a unit
  28. What are three countrapuntal devices?
    Fugue, canon, imitation
  29. In what category is countrapuntal polyphony under?
  30. Name three types of responsorial formats
    Call and Response, imitation, and antiphony
  31. What is the difference between antiphony and call and response?
    • Antiphony- the two singing groups are the same size
    • call and response- the two singing groups are different sizes
  32. What is responsorial formats and texture category is it under?
    creates a sense of musical interplay between various lines and is in polyphony category
  33. What is imitation?
    Imitation occurs when parts echo each other
  34. What is sequential imitation?
    When the same melodic phrase or motive is echoed by other voices in succession but in different pitches
  35. What is the Bakan five classification of music?
    • 1. physical sound qualities
    • 2. organized sounds
    • 3. music is humanly organized sound
    • 4. music is created with human intention
    • 5. "music" is often associated with Western music
  36. What is soundscape?
    sounds and noises that create music in a specific environment
  37. Where did the classical period received their inspiration?
    Greece; standard and authoritative styles
  38. Match the following

    Culture  physical group institution
    ideology society
    • culture- ideology
    • society- physical group institution
  39. Music must be understood as...
    sound, concept, and behavior
  40. What are the two types and quality notation?
    Prescriptive and descriptive notation
  41. explain prescriptive notation
    gives instruction on how to play a specific sound
  42. descriptive
    describes how the music should sound like
  43. List five facts about the Middle Ages
    • 1. music was very church-oriented
    • 2. Church as patron
    • 3. Rise of Christianity
    • 4. Before the Renaissance
  44. Who was the Gregory Chant named after?
    Pope Gregory the Great
  45. List seven qualities of Gregorian Chant
    • 1. Acappella
    • 2. Monophonic/ responsorial format
    • 3. Nonmetric but rhythm follows text
    • 4. Stepwise melody
    • 5. Latin
    • 6. Syllabic, neumatic, melismatic
    • 7. Uses Church modes from ancient Greece
  46. What are the two mass structure?
    Proper and Ordinary
  47. What is the function of Gregorian Chant?
    to set the public worship-especially the Mass- of the Roman Christian church
  48. How was Gregorian Chant notated?
    • 1. Neumes
    • 2. four-lines staff and square heads
    • 3. Mostly pass orally but notation also scribed by monks
  49. Who was part of the Second Viennese School of Composition?
    Weber, Shoenberg, Berg
  50. Who was Anton Webern?
    • 1. Student of Schoenberg
    • 2. Austrian composer 
  51. What was the Second Viennese School of Composition?
    • 1. by Schoenberg
    • 2. Atonality
    • 3. Serialism
    • 4. twelve-tone compositional method
  52. Describe characteristics of Webern's Five Pieces for Orchestra
    • 1. Pointillism
    • 2. Lyricism
    • 3. Atonal and brief/disjuncted musical motives
    • 4. Klangfarbenmelodie previously used by Schoenberg
  53. Klangfarbenmelodie
    • 1. created by Schoenberg
    • 2. individual tones or sections of a melody being played by different instruments
  54. What piece did John William compose?
    Simple Gifts
  55. What song does Simple Gifts identical to?
    Copland's Applachian Spring
  56. What ideology inspired simple gifts?
  57. Who was Hildegard von Bingen?
    • 1. a female nun composer who had visions
    • 2. Wrote the Scivias-collections of written visions
    • 3. Composed works relating to religion 
  58. List some social characteristics of Renaissance
    • 1. Technology
    • 2. rich middle class as patrons of arts
    • 3. Secular, balance, and proportions
  59. Renaissance Music: List three characteristics
    • 1. Acappella 
    • 2. Madrigals, Motet, and Mass
    • 3. Cantus Firmus, chromatic development
    • 4. Text painting
  60. Madrigal
    • 1. Italy, then England
    • 2. Secular, mainly for fun
    • 3. Poetic text painting
    • 4. Many voice parts: polyphonic
  61. Motet
    • 1. Many voice parts: polyphonic
    • 2. Middle Ages-secular
    • 3. Renaissance- sacred
    • 4. performed by professionals
  62. Who wrote Dido's Lament?
    Henry Purcell
  63. Who was Henry Purcell
    • 1. Organist
    • 2. known for dramatic and over emotional works
    • 3. English Composer
    • 4. BAROQUE ERA
    • 5. Works for the royal courts
  64. What era was Dido's Lament?
    baroque era
  65. Beethoven
    • 1. First Viennese School
    • 2. keyboardist
    • 3. Classical and Romantic Era
    • 4. Self-employed
  66. Describe ostinato
    repetitive rhythmic, melodic, or harmonic pattern
  67. Give a song example of ostinato
    Ravel's Bolero
  68. What is ground bass? Is it a part of ostinato?
    Yes. Ground bass is a repeating bass line
  69. What is an aria?
    a vocal solo (usually emotional) from the protagonist's point-of-view
  70. What is a recitative?
    a vocal INFORMATIVE solo commenting about the musical story that contains little musicality
  71. What is theme and variations?
    using a selected theme, the composer alters the theme in successive variations
  72. What is motive/motif?
    a short melodic or rhythmic pattern of a basic phrase
  73. what is a phrase?
    a musical sentence that ends in a cadence
  74. What does a phrase contains?
    antecedent and consequent
  75. What is a section?
    a grouping of musical phrases
  76. what is a movement?
    Division of a multi-large composition
  77. Describe what AA, AA', and AB means and their classification names
    • AA- repetition
    • AA'- variations
    • AB- contrast
  78. What is free meter?
    an absence of pulse
  79. what is meter?
    a grouping of recognizable beats
  80. klangfarbenmelodie
    pointillism or separated notes played to create an overall theme
  81. What is neumatic?
    small group of notes to a syllable
  82. What is melismatic?
    more groups of notes to a syllable
  83. Explain strophic form
    a song tune that is repeated while the text changes
  84. What is ordinary mass?
    • 1. always constant
    • Kyrie
    • Goes-Gloria
    • C-credo
    • Someone's-Santus
    • Ash-Agnus Des
  85. what is proper mass?
    • changes according to season
    • Ian's-Introit
    • Guitar-Gradual
    • Are-Alleluia
    • Open (for)- offertory
    • Casey-Communion
  86. What technique does the Hiroshima uses?
    sound cluster