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What group is growing the fastest among senior citizens?
Seniors over 85
Which States are expected to see the largest increases in population?
The sunbelt states
What age are men and women regarding their first marriage?
27 for men and 25 for women
Will two parent families increase or decrease?
Will families stay in their communities or move frequently?
make a major move every 3 to 5 years
Define Reconstituted Family
This is a combination of brothers and sisters, stepbrothers and stepsisters, and natural parents and stepparents. Children can have one or more stepparents along with natural parents.
Define Blended Families
The bringing together of interracial, intercultural, and interreligious unions will increase in the years ahead.
Define Chosen Families
Those in which single people, siblings, friends, or lovers choose to live together. This change came about because of the increase in single people and will continue to grow.
Will religious funerals increase or decrease?
Will alternative dispositions increase or decrease?
Who is entering the field?
Describe the sandwich generation.
taking care of their parents as well as their children
What are the requirements of hospitals regarding OPO (Organ
The Federal Routine Referral Act
Requires hospitals to notify the Organ Procurement Organization (OPO), and tissue and eye banks of all deaths or impending deaths of their patients.
How do donations affect the funeral director?
–The time it takes for the family to be contacted can delay the removal of the deceased.
–If consent is given for a donation, there is extra time and work involved in the embalming (Benefits outweigh the inconvenience)
Define and describe the OPO.
Organ Procurement Organization
•An OPO is a non-profit organization designated by the federal government to coordinate activities relating to organ retrieval (procurement) in a designated area.
•OPO activities include evaluating potential donors, discussing donation with surviving family members, arranging for surgical removal and transport of donated organs, and educating the public about the need for donation.
Define Tissue Bank
An organization that coordinates the activities relating to tissue procurement for transplantation
Define Brain Death
There is no blood flow or oxygen being delivered to the brain. When this occurs the brain cells die within minutes. This cell death is permanent and therefore is not reversible.
What type of death is required for organ donation?
In certain situations, cardiac death
What are the common causes of brain death?
2. Drug Overdose
3. Head trauma
4. Brain injury death to loss of oxygen
5. Brain tumor without metastasis
6. Brain death is determined through a series of test including the assessment of the individual’s ability to breathe on his/her own and the determination of the lack of blood supply to the brain.
Define and Describe Cardiac Death.
1. When cardiac death occurs, the patient’s heart stops and his/her organs are without oxygen and lose their ability to function.
2. This person is not able to donate organs, but may donate tissue.
Formaldehyde Exposure Standard
When did this take effect?
Took effect in 1988.
Formaldehyde Exposure Sta ndard
How is it defined?
“The purpose of this standard is to establish permissible exposure levels for formaldehyde in the workplace. This purpose is accomplished by three basic exposure levels.”
What is the Level 1 PEL?
Level 1 – Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) -- is the 8-hour Time Weighted Average (“TWA”) of .75 parts per million (“ppm”).
What is the TWA of Level 1?
8-hour Time Weighted Average (“TWA”) of .75 parts per million (“ppm”).
What is the Level 2 STEL?
- Level 2 - is the 15-minute Short term Exposure Level (“STEL”)
- of 2 ppm.
What is the time of Level 2?
15-minute Short term Exposure Level (“STEL”) of 2 ppm.
What is the AL?
Level 3 – Action Level (AL) – if the 8-hour TWA is .5 ppm, the employer has exceeded the Action Level and is required to take certain remedial steps
How long must Records be kept?
- a. Monitoring results:
- KEEP FOR 30 YEARS
- b. Training Records:
- KEEP FOR 3 YEARS
- c. Medical surveillance records:
- KEEP FOR 30 YEARS
- d. Respirator fit testing:
- UPDATE YEARLY
Blood borne Pathogen Standards
Define Exposure Control Plan
Written document identifying task and procedures as well as job classifications where occupational exposure to blood occurs.
Describe the requirements regarding the Hepatitis B. Vaccination
a. Must make hepatitis B vaccine and vaccination series available to employees who have exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
b. Must be available at no cost to employees.
What are the three categories of the Bloodborne pathogen standard as it relates to funeral homes.
- Category I (HIGH RISK)
- -- Embalmers
- -- Removal/first call personnel
- Category II (MODERATE RISK)
- -- Funeral Directors
- -- Housekeeping personnel
- -- Hairstylist/cosmetologist
- Category III (MINIMAL RISK)
- -- Administrative Staff
- -- Clerical Support