# IDTA Associate Theory - JIVE.txt

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1. Jive Time Signature
4/4 = 4 beats of 1/4 note (crochet) value to the bar
2. Jive Tempo
44 bars/minute or 176 beats/minute
3. Jive Rhythm
There is a predominant percussive accent on the 2nd and 4th beat of the bar
4. Jive Timing and Beat Values
Timed at QaQ (sometimes counted 3a4)

Two constructions

• 1.1/2 Bar Construction: QQ QaQ QaQ
• (the most fundamental construction)
• Step Q - 1 beat
• Step Q - 1 beat
• Chasse QaQ - 3/4, 1/4, 1 beat
• Chasse QaQ - 3/4, 1/4, 1 beat

• 1 Bar Construction: QQ QaQ
• Step Q - 1 beat
• Step Q - 1 beat
• Chasse QaQ - 3/4, 1/4, 1 beat
5. Jive Rhythmic Interpretations
Alternative interpretations from Lindy Hop and Rock n Roll can also be used

• Single Step: S replaces chasse QaQ
• Step Tap: QQ replaces chasse QaQ

• 6Qs: used in the 1.1/2 bar construction
• 1 - LF back(Q - can be in place)
• 2 - RF in place (Q)
• 3 - LF closed to RF (Q)
• 4 - RF kick (Q)
• 5 - RF closed to LF (Q)
• 6 - LF kick (Q)

• Alternatively: the 6Qs can be danced with the kick on the 1st & 3rd beats in the bar
• 1 - LF back(Q - can be in place)
• 2 - RF in place (Q)
• 3 - LF Kick (Q)
• 4 - LF closed to RF (Q)
• 5 - RF Kick (Q)
• 6 - RF closed to LF (Q)
6. Jive Rock
• the leg action: during the two steps (QQ) used to commence most figures
• Step 1: taken back, leg straightened but not locked as heel is lowered, knee of leg without weight is slightly flexed
• Step 2: weight transferred onto the forward foot in place and the leg straightened but not locked
7. Jive Chasses
• A group of three steps
• Can taken in any direction, with or without turn
• Can be either LRL or RLF
• Weight is felt mainly over the balls of the feet
• Hips are kept free throughout the dance, and there is a slight bounce action used during chasses

• Step 1: is taken in appropriate direction on ball of foot,
• knee is compressed hips do not move
• timing is Q, 3/4 beat

• Step 2: is half closed to to stationary foot on the ball of the foot
• both knees compressed, hips starting to move
• timing is a, 1/4 beat
• (note - the heel may be close to or even touch the floor on steps 1 and 2)

• Step 3: is taken ball flat
• knee straightens and hip completes the move
• Timing is Q, 1 beat
• when a substantial amount of turn is made on this step, footwork used will be ball, e.g American Spin (see charts)

The amount of turn in the chasse depends on the figure being danced.
8. American Spin, Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 1
• Step 2: Q - 1
• Step 3: Q - 3/4
• Step 4: a - 1/4
• Step 5: Q - 1
• Step 6: Q - 3/4
• Step 7: a - 1/4
• Step 8: Q - 1
9. American Spin, Shaping
• Step 1: Start Open Position R-R
• Step 5: Release hold with Right Hand
• Step 8: Finish in Open Position L-R
10. American Spin, Precedes
• Change of Place Right to Left
• Change of Place Left to Right
• In both instances, man changes to R-R hold during 2nd chasse
11. American Spin, Follows
• a: if man gains R-R hand hold during last chasse, American Spin
• b: if man gains L-R hand hold, Change of Place L-R, Change of Hands Behind Back
12. American Spin, Notes
• Can also be danced without the man changing hold during the preceding figure.
• Actual spin then made by lady bracing against the man's Left arm.
• If the figure is repeated, it is usual to use R-R hand hold.
13. American Spin, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 3: LEFT foot slightly forward
• Step 4: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 5: LEFT foot slightly forward
• Step 6: RIGHT foot slightly forward
• Step 7: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 8: RIGHT foot slightly forward
14. American Spin, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
15. American Spin, Men's Action Used
• Step 1 & 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse LRL almost in place
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse RLR almost in place
16. American Spin, Men's Body Turn
No turn
17. American Spin, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back
• Step 2: LEFT foot in place
• Step 3: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 4: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 5: RIGHT foot forward then turn strongly to the Right
• Step 6: LEFT foot to side
• Step 7: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 8: LEFT foot back
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
19. American Spin, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1 & 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse RLR but turned strongly to the Right on the last step
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse LRL turning to the Right
20. American Spin, Lady's Body Turn
• Step 1 - 4: no turn
• Step 5: 3/4 Right
• Step 6 - 8: 1/4 Right
21. Basic in Fallaway, Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 1
• Step 2: Q - 1
• Step 3: Q - 3/4
• Step 4: a - 1/4
• Step 5: Q - 1
• Step 6: Q - 3/4
• Step 7: Q - 1/4
• Step 8: Q - 1
22. Basic in Fallaway, Shaping
• Step 1: Start in Close Hold then achieve Fallaway position
• Step 5: Recover Close Hold
• Step 8: Finish in Close Hold
23. Basic in Fallaway, Precedes
• Basic in Place
24. Basic in Fallaway, Follows
• Basic in Place
• Basic in Fallaway
• Change of Place Right to Left
25. Basic in Fallaway, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back in Fallaway Position
• Step 2: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 3: LEFT foot to side
• Step 4: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side
• Step 6: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 7: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 8: RIGHT foot to side
26. Basic in Fallaway, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
27. Basic in Fallaway, Men's Action Used
• Step 1 & 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse LRL to side turning to the Right
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse RLR to side
28. Basic in Fallaway, Men's Body Turn
• Step 1 - 2: 1/8 to Left started on preceding beat of the music
• Step 3 - 5: 1/8 to Right
• Step 6 - 8: No turn
29. Basic in Fallaway, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back in Fallaway Position
• Step 2: LEFT foot in place
• Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 4: LEFT foot 1/2 close to Right
• Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 6: LEFT foot to side
• Step 7: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 8: LEFT foot to side
30. Basic in Fallaway, Lady's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
31. Basic in Fallaway, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1 & 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse RLR turning to the Left
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse LRL to side
32. Basic in Fallaway, Lady's Body Turn
• Step 1 - 2: 1/8 to Right started on preceding beat of the music
• Step 3 - 5: 1/8 to Left
• Step 6 - 8: not turn
33. Basic in Place, Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 1
• Step 2: Q - 1
• Step 3: Q - 3/4
• Step 4: a - 1/4
• Step 5: Q - 1
• Step 6: Q - 3/4
• Step 7: a - 1/4
• Step 8: Q - 1
34. Basic in Place, Shaping
Close Hold throughout
35. Basic in Place, Precedes
• Basic in Place
• Basic in fallaway
36. Basic in Place, Follows
• Basic in Place
• Basic in Fallaway
37. Basic in Place, Notes
Normally only used as an exercise to develop good rhythm
38. Basic in Place, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot in place
• Step 2: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 3: LEFT foot to side
• Step 4: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side
• Step 6: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 7: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 8: RIGHT foot to side
39. Basic in Place, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8:Ball Flat
40. Basic in Place, Men's Action Used
• Step 1 & 2: Mark Time
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse LRL to side
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse RLR to side
41. Basic in Place, Men's Body Turn
No turn
42. Basic in Place, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 2: LEFT foot in place
• Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 4: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 6: LEFT foot to side
• Step 7: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 8: LEFT foot to side
43. Basic in Place, Lady's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
44. Basic in Place, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1 & 2: Mark Time
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse RLR to side
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse LRL to side
45. Basic in Place, Lady's Body Turn
No turn
46. Change of Hands Behind Back, Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 1
• Step 2: Q - 1
• Step 3: Q - 3/4
• Step 4: a - 1/4
• Step 5: Q - 1
• Step 6: Q - 3/4
• Step 7: a - 1/4
• Step 8: Q - 1
47. Change of Hands Behind Back, Shaping
• Step 1: start in Open Hold, L-R hand hold
• Step 3: achieve R-R hand hold
• Step 6: Move Left hand to behind back
• Step 7: Achieve L-R hand hold behind back, still retaining hold with Right hand
• Step 8: Finish in Open Position, L-R hand hold
48. Change of Hands Behind Back, Precedes
• Change of Place Left to Right
• Change of Place Right to Left
• American Spin
49. Change of Hands Behind Back, Follows
• Change of Place Right to Left
50. Change of Hands Behind Back, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 3: LEFT foot forward and slightly to side
• Step 4: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 5: LEFT foot forward
• Step 6: RIGHT foot to side and slightly back
• Step 7: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 8: RIGHT foot back
51. Change of Hands Behind Back, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
52. Change of Hands Behind Back, Men's Action Used
• Step 1 & 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse LRL forward
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse RLR to side, turning to Left
53. Change of Hands Behind Back, Men's Body Turn
• Step 3 - 5: 1/8 Left
• Step 6 - 8: 3/8 Left
54. Change of Hands Behind Back, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back
• Step 2: LEFT foot in place
• Step 3: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 4: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 5: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 6: LEFT foot to side and slightly back
• Step 7: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 8: LEFT foot back
55. Change of Hands Behind Back, Lady's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
56. Change of Hands Behind Back, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1 -2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse RLR forward
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse LRL to side, turning to Right
57. Change of Hands Behind Back, Lady's Body Turn
• Step 1 - 4: No turn
• Step 5: 1/8 Right
• Step 6 - 8: 3/8 Right
58. Change of Place Left to Right, Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 1
• Step 2: Q - 1
• Step 3: Q - 3/4
• Step 4: a - 1/4
• Step 5: Q - 1
• Step 6: Q - 3/4
• Step 7: a - 1/4
• Step 8: Q - 1
59. Change of Place Left to Right, Shaping
• Step 1: Start in Open Position, L-R Hand Hold
• Step 3: Left hand raised indicating a turn to the Left
• Step 8: Finish in Open Position, L-R hand hold
60. Change of Place Left to Right, Precedes
• Change of Place Right to Left
• Change of Hands Behind Back
• American Spin
61. Change of Place Left to Right, Follows
• Change of Place Left to Right
• Change of Hands Behind Back
• If R-R hand hold achieved during 2nd chasse: American Apin
62. Change of Place Left to Right, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 3: LEFT foot forward
• Step 4: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 5: LEFT foot back and slightly to side
• Step 6: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 7: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 8: RIGHT foot forward
63. Change of Place Left to Right, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
64. Change of Place Left to Right, Men's Action Used
• Step 1 -2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse LRL forward, turned strongly Right on the last step
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse RLR forward
65. Change of Place Left to Right, Men's Body Turn
Step 3 - 5: 3/8 Right
66. Change of Place Left to Right, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back
• Step 2: LEFT foot in place
• Step 3: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 4: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 5: RIGHT foot back
• Step 6: LEFT foot back
• Step 7: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 8: LEFT foot back
67. Change of Place Left to Right, Lady's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
68. Change of Place Left to Right, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1 -2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse RLR forward, turned strongly to Left on the last step
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse LRL back
69. Change of Place Left to Right, Lady's Body Turn
• Step 3 - 5: 1/2 turn Left, most turn on step 5
• Step 6 - 8: 1/8 Left
70. Change of Place Right to Left, Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 1
• Step 2: Q - 1
• Step 3: Q - 3/4
• Step 4: a - 1/4
• Step 5: Q - 1
• Step 6: Q - 3/4
• Step 7: a - 1/4
• Step 8: Q - 1
71. Change of Place Right to Left, Shaping
• Step 1: Start in close hold, achieve Fallaway Position
• Step 3: Left arnm raised and indicating a turn to the Right
• Step 4: Release hold with Right hand
• Step 8: Finish in Open Position L-R hand hold
72. Change of Place Right to Left, Precedes
• Basic in Fallaway
• Whip
• Steps 3-8 may be preceded by Promenade Walks (either slow or quick)
73. Change of Place Right to Left, Follows
• Change of Place Left to Right
• Change of Hands Behind Back
• if man achieves R-R hand hold during 2nd chasse: American Spin
74. Change of Place Right to Left, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back in Fallaway Position
• Step 2: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 3: LEFT foot to side in Promenade Position
• Step 4: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left in PP
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side in PP
• Step 6: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 7: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to right
• Step 8: RIGHT foot forward
75. Change of Place Right to Left, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
76. Change of Place Right to Left, Men's Action Used
• Step 1 - 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse LRL diagonally forward
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse RLR forward
77. Change of Place Right to Left, Men's Body Turn
• Step 1: 1/8 Left, started on the previous beat of music
• Step 2 - 5: no turn
• Step 6 - 8: 1/8 Left, started on the previous beat of music
78. Change of Place Right to Left, Lady's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back in Fallaway Position
• Step 2: LEFT foot in place
• Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 4: LEFT 1/2 closed to RIGHT
• Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 6: LEFT foot diagonally back
• Step 7: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 8: LEFT foot back
79. Change of Place Right to Left, Lady's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
80. Change of Place Right to Left, Lady's Action Used
• Step 1 - 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse RLR to side, turning to Left then strongly to Right on last step
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse LRL turning to Right
81. Change of Place Right to Left, Lady's Body Turn
• Step 1: 1/8 Right, started on the previous beat of the music
• Step 2 - 4: 1/8 Left
• Step 5: 5/8 Right
• Step 6 - 8: 1/8 Right
82. Jive Chasse to Left (LRL), Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 3/4
• Step 2: a - 1/4
• Step 3: Q - 1
83. Jive Chasse to Left (LRL), Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot to side
• Step 2: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 3: LEFT foot to side
84. Jive Chasse to Left (LRL), Footwork
• Step 1: Ball
• Step 2: Ball
• Step 3: Ball Flat
85. Jive Chasse to Left (LRL), Action Used
• Step 1: Left knee compressed, hips to Right
• Step 2: Both knees compressed, hips start to move to left
• Step 3: Left knee straightens, hips to Left
86. Jive Chasse to Left (LRL), Body Turn
Depends on the figure being danced
87. Jive Chasse to Right (RLR), Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 3/4
• Step 2: a - 1/4
• Step 3: Q - 1
88. Jive Chasse to Right (RLR), Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 2: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
89. Jive Chasse to Right (RLR), Footwork
• Step 1: Ball
• Step 2: Ball
• Step 3: Ball Flat
90. Jive Chasse to Right (RLR), Action Used
• Step 1: Right knee compressed, hips to Left
• Step 2: Both knees compressed, hips start to move to Right
• Step 3: Right knee straightens, hips to Right
91. Jive Chasse to Right (RLR), Body Turn
Depends on the figure being danced
92. Link, Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 1
• Step 2: Q - 1
• Step 3: Q - 3/4
• Step 4: a - 1/4
• Step 5: Q - 1
• Step 6: Q - 3/4
• Step 7: a - 1/4
• Step 8: Q - 1
• Step 1: Start in Open Position L-R hand hold
• Step 5: achieve Close Hold
• Step 8: finish in Close Hold
• Change of Place Left to Right
• Change of Hands Behind Back
• Change of Place Right to Left
• Promenade Walks (quick or slow)
When the first five steps ate used to precede a whip, step 5 is taken diagonally forward to finish "LEFT foot to side and slightly back"
• Step 1: LEFT foot back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 3: LEFT foot forward
• Step 4: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 5: LEFT foot forward
• Step 6: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 7: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 8: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
• Step 1 - 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse LRL forward
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse RLR to side
No turn
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back
• Step 2: LEFT foot in place
• Step 3: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 4: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 5: RIGHT foot forward
• Step 6: LEFT foot to side
• Step 7: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 8: LEFT foot to side
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
• Step 1 - 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse RLR forward
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse LRL to side
No turn
105. Promenade Walks (Quick), Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 1
• Step 2: Q - 1
• Step 3: Q - 1
• Step 4: Q - 1
• Step 5: Q - 1
• Step 6: Q - 1
• Step 1: start in Close Hold then achieve Fallaway Position
• Step 3: achieve Promenade Position
• Step 6: finish in PP
• Whip
• Promenade Walks (Slow) into Step 3
Steps 3-8 of Change of Place Right to Left
• 1: A Merengue action is used with the heel is raised slightly on steps 3, 4, 5 & 6
• 2: Thye lady will make 1/4 turn to the Left on the first step of each repeat of steps 3 - 6
110. Promenade Walks (Quick), Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back in Fallaway Position
• Step 2: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 3: LEFT foot to side in Promenade Position without full weight
• Step 4: RIGHT foot closed to Left in PP without full weight
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side in Promenade Position without full weight
• Step 6: RIGHT foot closed to Left in PP without full weight
• repeat from step 3 ad lib.
111. Promenade Walks (Quick), Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball Flat (foot lowers late)
• Step 4: Ball Flat (foot lowers late)
• Step 5: Ball Flat (foot lowers late)
• Step 6: Ball Flat (foot lowers late)
112. Promenade Walks (Quick), Men's Action Used
• Step 1 - 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 8: Merengue Action with heel raised slightly
113. Promenade Walks (Quick), Men's Body Turn
• Step 1: 1/8 Left started on previous beat of the music
• Step 2 -6: no turn
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back in Fallaway Position
• Step 2: LEFT foot in place
• Step 3: RIGHT foot almost closed to Left
• Step 4: LEFT foot forward, knee slightly compressed, in Promenade Position
• Step 5: RIGHT foot almost closed to Left
• Step 6: LEFT foot forward, knee slightly compressed, in Promenade Position
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Toe
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Toe
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 1 - 2: Rock
• Step 3: Delayed forward walk, knee bent
• Step 4: Swivel to Right then a forward step
• Step 5: Swivel to Left then Delayed forward walk, knee bent
• Step 6: Swivel to Right then a forward step
• Step 1: 1/8 to Right started on previous beat of the music
• Step 2 & 3: 1/8 to Left
• Step 4: 1/4 Right started on previous beat of the music
• Step 5: 1/4 Left
• Step 6: 1/4 Right started on previous beat of the music
118. Promenade Walks (Slow), Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 1
• Step 2: Q - 1
• Step 3: Q - 3/4
• Step 4: a - 1/4
• Step 5: Q - 1
• Step 6: Q - 3/4
• Step 7: a - 1/4
• Step 8: Q - 1
• Step 1: start in Close Hold then achieve Fallaway Position
• Step 3: achieve Promenade Position
• Step 8: finish in PP
• Whip
• Steps 3-8 of Change of Place Right to Left
• Steps 3-6 of Quick Promenade Walks
When steps 3-8 are repeated, the lady will make a 1/4 turn on the last step of each chasse
123. Promenade Walks (Slow), Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: LEFT foot back in Fallaway position
• Step 2: RIGHT foot in place
• Step 3: LEFT foot to side in Promenade Position
• Step 4: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left in PP
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side in PP
• Step 6: RIGHT forward in PP
• Step 7: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right in PP
• Step 8: RIGHT foot forward in PP
• repeat from steps 3-8 ad lib.
124. Promenade Walks (Slow), Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
125. Promenade Walks (Slow), Men's Action Used
• Step 1 - 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse LRL diagonally forward
• Step 6 - 8: Jive chasse RLR forward across body
126. Promenade Walks (Slow), Men's Body Turn
Step 1: 1/8 to Left, started on preceding beat of the music
• Step 1: RIGHT foot back in Fallaway Position
• Step 2: LEFT foot in place
• Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 4: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Right
• Step 5: RIGHT foot to side then turn to Right
• Step 6: LEFT foot forward in Promenade Position
• Step 7: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left in PP
• Step 8: LEFT foot forward in PP
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
• Step 6: Ball
• Step 7: Ball
• Step 8: Ball Flat
• Step 1 - 2: Rock
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse RLR to side turning to Left then swivel to Right
• Step 6 - 8: Jive Chasse LRL forward
• Step 1: 1/8 Right started on previous beat of the music
• Step 2 - 4: 1/8 left
• Step 5: 1/4 Right
• Step 6 - 8: no turn
131. Whip, Timing and Beat Value
• Step 1: Q - 1
• Step 2: Q - 1
• Step 3: Q - 3/4
• Step 4: a - 1/4
• Step 5: Q - 1
132. Whip, Shaping
Close Hold throughout
133. Whip, Precedes
134. Whip, Follows
• Change of Place Right to Left
• Promenade Walks (quick or slow)
135. Whip, Men's Foot Positions
• Step 1: RIGHT foot crossed behind Left
• Step 2: LEFT foot to side
• Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
• Step 4: LEFT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 5: RIGHT foot to side
136. Whip, Men's Footwork
• Step 1: Toe
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat
137. Whip, Men's Action Used
• Step 1: Latin Cross
• Step 2: Side Step
• Step 3 - 5: Jive Chasse RLR to side
138. Whip, Men's Body Turn
Step 1 & 2:  3/4 to Right started on previous beat of the music
• Step 1: LEFT foot to side and slightly back
• Step 2: RIGHT foot forward and across Left foot
• Step 3: LEFT foot to side
• Step 4: RIGHT foot 1/2 closed to Left
• Step 5: LEFT foot to side
• Step 1: Ball Flat
• Step 2: Ball Flat
• Step 3: Ball
• Step 4: Ball
• Step 5: Ball Flat